Changing the transcriptome by altering ZmPIN1a expression
ABSTRACT: A genome-wide transcriptome analysis showed that altering ZmPIN1a expression led to wide-ranging gene expression changes. When comparing overexpression lines A17 with the WT, 2975 genes were differentially expressed with 793 up-regulated and 2182 down-regulated in the leaves, and 2129 genes were differentially expressed with 938 up-regulated and 1191 down-regulated in the roots. GO analysis indicated that these differentially expressed genes participate in multiple biological processes from hormone signaling to metabolism. The local biosynthesis, PAT and signaling of auxin were altered; some was directly employed in plant developments such as AUX/IAA, ARFs and genes related to PAT. The genes involved in ethylene, GA, BR CK and ABA metabolism and signaling were altered as well. These phytohormones were also confirmed as key regulators in plant development and abiotic stress responses. Some of the differentially expressed genes between A17 and WT were identified as Arabidopsis root morphology and development mutant genes. These mutants were abnormal in their plant hormone synthesis and signaling, calcium-mediated signaling, MAP kinase signaling, transcription factors, membrane transporters etc. This finding suggested that ZmPIN1a overexpression led to a change of the auxin signaling transduction and even the metabolism of auxin and the metabolism and signaling of other hormones. These events led to changes in the expression of numerous genes and resulted in the modification of plant morphology, especially the root architecture. Maize (Zea mays L.) inbred line DH4866, its ZmPIN1a sense transgenic lines A17 and antisense transgenic lines a55 were used in this study. The transcriptome by altering ZmPIN1a expression was done by comparing the transcriptome of WT and transgenic lines both in root and leaf of V3 stage plants.
Project description:Versatile roles of REVOLUTA (REV), a Class III homeodomain-leucine zipper (HD-ZIP III) transcription factor, have been mainly depicted in Arabidopsis and Populus. In this study, we investigated the functions of its tomato homolog, namely SlREV. Over-expression of a microRNA166-resistant version of SlREV (35S::REVRis) not only resulted in vegetative abnormities such as curly leaves and fasciated stems, but also caused dramatic reproductive alterations including continuous production of flowers at pedicel abscission zone (AZ) and ectopic fruit formation on receptacles. Microscopic analysis showed that meristem-like structures continuously emerged out from the exodermises of pedicel AZs and ectopic carpels formed between the first and the second whorl of floral buds in 35S::REVRis plants. Therefore, we performed Illumina’s digital gene expression (DGE) system, a tag-based transcriptome sequencing methodTranscriptional data to dicover differential expressed genes in early buds (1-2 mm floral buds at stage 6-8) of overexpression line SlREVRis-1. The result suggests that SlREV may regulate genes related to meristem maintenance and cell differentiation in the development of flower pedicel abscission zone, and modulate genes in homodomain and MADS-box families and hormone pathways during fruit formation. These results reveal important roles of SlREV in tomato. 1-2 mm floral buds at stage 6-8 were sampled from three individual plants of 35S::REVRis-1 and corresponding WT control. Three aliquots of RNA from transgenic or WT plants were pooled. Then, the digital expression profile were generated by Illumina Cluster Station and Illumina HiSeq™ 2000 System (BGI Inc.).
Project description:The present study profiled and analyzed gene expression of the maize ear at four key developmental stages. Based on genome-wide profile analysis, we detected differential mRNA of maize genes. Some of the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were predicted to be potential candidates of maize ear development. Several well-known genes were found with reported mutants analyses, such as, compact plant2 (ct2), zea AGAMOUS homolog1 (zag1), bearded ear (bde), and silky1 (si1). MicroRNAs such as microRNA156 were predicted to target genes involved in maize ear development. Antisense transcripts were widespread throughout all the four stages, and are suspected to play important roles in maize ear development. Thus, identification and characterization of important genes and regulators at all the four developmental stages will contribute to an improved understanding of the molecular mechanisms responsible for maize ear development. Seeds of the maize inbred line 18-599 (Maize Research Institute, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, China) were grown in a growth chamber at 24°C/18°C (day/night) with 12 h illumination per day. Ears were collected as described previously  at four developmental stages: the growth point elongation, spikelet differentiation, floret primordium differentiation, and the floret organ differentiation phases. In brief, ears were manually collected at the four developmental stages. All the samples were harvested and immediately frozen in liquid nitrogen, and stored at -80°C until used for RNA isolation.
Project description:To study the function of chromatin regulators in hybrid gene expression, the histone deacetylase gene OsHDT1 was over-expressed or inactivated by RNAi in an elite rice parent. Digital analysis of gene expression using high throughput sequencing technology revealed several differential gene expression patterns in the hybrid, including additivity, nonadditivity and overdominance, etc. Alteration of OsHDT1 levels affected many genes specifically in the hybrid. In addition, we show that increased OsHDT1 could suppress overdominance gene expression, providing evidence of overdominance gene action in heterosis. These results not only support the overdominance hypothesis to explain heterosis, but also provide evidence that variation in the levels of single trans-acting regulatory proteins such as chromatin factors is important to establish differential gene expression pattern in the hybrid. High throughput sequencing technology was used to analyse gene differencial expression of 15 days old rice seedling of 5 samples, MH63(MH), ZS97(ZS), SY63(SY,hybrids of MH and ZS), overexpression of OsHDT1 in SY(FU), RNAi of OsHDT1 in SY(FR).
Project description:Purpose: AURKA plays an important role in breast cancer development. Exploring the gene expression profiles regulated by AURKA will facilitate to understand the mechanism which is responsible for AURKA induced breast cancer development. Results: We found that 350 genes were significantly up-regulated during AURKA overexpression in MCF-10A cells, 346 genes were significantly down-regulated during AURKA overexpression in MCF-10A cells. Conclusions: Our study indicated that 696 differentially expressed genes might contribute to AURKA induced breast cancer development. MCF-10A cells overexpressed AURKA or the empty vector were subjected to RNA extraction. The resulted RNA samples were performed RNA-sequencing analyses of gene expression profiles.
Project description:We report the application of Solexa/Illumina's digital gene expression (DGE) sequencing approaches to investigate inactivated Vibrio harveyi--induced transcriptome changes in Lateolabrax japonicas, a non model vertebrate species. Totally 3.44 and 3.22 million raw tags were measured. Then, gene annotation was performed by tags mapping analysis and the 169,950 non-redundant consensus sequences from RNA-seq based transcriptome analysis were used as reference transcript database. Tag mapping indicated that Vibrio harveyi--challenged adult Lateolabrax japonicas express over 70% of all genes represented in transcript databases. Meanwhile, totally 1224 consensus sequences exhibited significant difference after the bacterial challenge, in which 1183 transcripts can be well annotated, while approximately 41 transcripts have low sequence homology to the existing known sequences in public databases, suggesting that they might be putative novel immune-relevant genes in Lateolabrax japonicus closely related to the immunity for bacterial challenge. Our present study would greatly benefit to give deep insight into the immunogenetics in fish species, and clinical application in fish diseases. Examination of differentially expressed transcripts in baterial- and mock challenged fish.
Project description:The genomes of three major mosquito vectors of human diseases, including Anopheles gambiae, Aedes aegypti, and Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus, have been previously sequenced. C. p. quinquefasciatus has the largest number of predicted protein-coding genes, which partially results from the expansion of three detoxification gene families: cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (P450), glutathione S-transferases (GST), and carboxylcholinesterases (CCE). However, unlike A. gambiae and A. aegypti, which have large amounts of gene expression data, C. p. quinquefasciatus has limited transcriptomic resources. Knowledge of complete gene expression information is very important for the exploration of the functions of genes involved in specific biological processes. In the present study, the three detoxification gene families of C. p. quinquefasciatus were analyzed for phylogenetic classification and compared with those of three other dipteran insects. Gene expression during various developmental stages and the differential expression responsible for parathion resistance were profiled using the digital gene expression (DGE) technique. Results: A total of 291 detoxification genes were found in C. p. quinquefasciatus, including 70 CCE, 186 P450, and 35 GST genes. Compared with three other dipteran species, gene expansion in Culex mainly occurred in the CCE and P450 families, where the genes of α-esterases, juvenile hormone esterases, and CYP325 of the CYP4 subfamily showed the most pronounced expansion on the genome. A total of 13314 genes were expressed in five DGE libraries. Genes with signal transduction and odorant binding functions were prominently expressed during egg development. Genes involved in proteolysis, glycosphingolipid biosynthesis, and purine metabolism were preferentially expressed at the larval stage. Seventy five percent of the detoxification genes were found to be expressed. One fourth of the CCE and P450 genes were expressed at unique stages, indicating their developmentally regulated expression. Fifteen detoxification genes, including 2 CCEs, 6 GSTs, and 7 P450s, were expressed at higher levels in a parathion-resistant strain than in a susceptible strain. Conclusion: The results of the present study provide new insights into the functions and evolution of three detoxification gene families in mosquitoes and comprehensive transcriptomic resources for C. p. quinquefasciatus, which will facilitate the elucidation of molecular mechanisms underlying the different biological characteristics of the three major mosquito vectors. Raw data were deposited in SRA and assigned accession number SRA049959: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sra?term=SRA049959 Five DGE libraries were sequenced: the egg, third instar larval, pupal, and adult stages of the SG strain, and the third instar larval stage of the S-lab strain.
Project description:We report the application of single-molecule-based sequencing technology for high-throughput profiling of transcriptome in mazie plants. The ZmPIS gene coding PtdIns synthase from maize with a maize ubiquitin promoter was transferred into maize. The transgenic ZmPIS maize showed enhanced drought tolerance compared to non-transgenic maize. The differentially expressed genes between wide-type maize and transgenic ZmPIS maize were detected by the assay of digital gene expression profile and real time RT-PCR datas. The results displayed that the overexpression of ZmPIS resulted in the expression levels changes of a large number of genes including genes involved in the phosphatidylinositol (PI) metabolic pathway, photosynthesis metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism, aminoacid metabolism and genes coding transcription factors. Examination of The differences of the transcriptional profile between wide-type maize and transgenic ZmPIS maize and analysis of the network regulated by the ZmPIS gene
Project description:The goals of this study are to compare differential gene expressions for Penicillium oxalicum wild type strain (WT), and laeA knockout strain (ΔlaeA) in different development phase. The deletion of laeA downregulated genes involved in oxidation- reduction process, alkaloid metabolic process, and transmembrane transport. We find the expression levels of seven secondary metabolism gene clusters (totally 28 clusters) were silenced inΔlaeA. This study provides the information that laeA function are required in conidiation and hydrolase activity of P. oxalicum. Examination of differential gene expressions by digital gene expression tag profiling in Penicillium oxalicum wild type strain and laeA knockout mutant strains in 24h and 60h in modified Czapek culture medium with 2% glucose as carbon resource. qRT–PCR validation was performed using SYBR Green assays.
Project description:We used RNA-Seq to compare transcriptional responses of M. anisopliae and M. acridum to infection of the optically clear hind wings of adult locusts and cockroaches. It was calculated that >82% of predicted M. anisopliae genes and >88% of predicted M. acridum genes were expressed during pre-penetration growth. Germination and growth by M. anisopliae and M. acridum on either insect triggered high level expression of genes associated with translation and post-translational modifications. Between 6 to 10% of the genes that were highly expressed by M. anisopliae and M. acridum on host cuticles encoded cell wall proteins. Consistent with early host recognition events being key to establishing specificity, M. acridum but not M. anisopliae transcribed different Pth11-like GPCRs on locust and cockroach cuticles, thus differential activation of different signaling pathways. Examination of gene differential expressions by two different Metarhizium speceis on two different insects cuticles
Project description:Transcriptomic analysis of fungus Penicillium decumbens and brlA deletion strains in liquid medium and solid medium respectivelly Examination of differential gene expressions by Penicillium decumbens strains 114-2 and brlA deletion stains in liquid medium and solid medium