Global microRNA profiling of mouse hemopoietic stem cells (LSKs), promyelocytes, myelocytes and granulocytes.
ABSTRACT: This study sought to determine the dynamic changes of miRNA expression during mouse granulopoiesis. We not only performed analyses of miRNA expression levels in whole cells but also analyzed purified nuclear and cytoplasmic cell fractions to profile miRNA subcellular localization. qRT-PCR analysis of miRNAs was performed on whole cell, nuclear and cytoplasmic RNAs extracted from mouse hemopoietic stem cells (LSKs), promyelocytes, myelocytes and granulocytes. 100 ng of RNA was reversed transcribed using the Taqman miRNA Reverse Transcription Kit and Megaplex RT Primers rodent pool A and B (Life Technologies). Complementary DNA (cDNA) was amplified using a TaqMan rodent microRNA A and B Array v2.0 (Life Technologies) with TaqMan Universal PCR Master Mix on an ABI 7900HT Sequence Detection System.
Project description:The study sought to determine the global miRNA profile of ventricles during early and end-stage hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in a severe double mutant mouse model of the disease. MicroRNA expression profiles of ventricles of transgenic mice with a mutation in both the myosin heavy chain gene (MYH7 Arg403Gln) and cardiac troponin I gene (TNNI3 Ser203Gln) and of non-transgenic mice were determined using Rodent TaqMan Low Density miRNA Arrays A v2.0 (TLDA, Life Technologies). MicroRNA profiles were measured at 10 days of age and 16 days of age, in 3 biological replicates. qRT-PCR analysis of microRNAs of ventricles of three transgenic mice and three non-transgenic mice age 10 days, and three transgenic mice and three non-transgenic mice age 16 days. 450 ng RNA was reverse transcribed, without pre-amplification, using TaqMan MicroRNA Reverse Transcription Kit and Megaplex RT Primers rodent pool A (Life Technologies). Complementary DNA (cDNA) was amplified using a TaqMan rodent microRNA A Array v2.0 (Life Technologies) with TaqMan Universal PCR Master Mix on an ABI 7900HT Sequence Detection System.
Project description:We addressed the potential for global regulation of miRNA biogenesis by BDNF using miRNA arrays that selectively measure mature miRNA, as opposed to pre-miRNA. Hippocampal neurons were treated with BDNF for 30 min in the presence of Actinomycin-D to assess changes due to processing of existing pre-miRNAs rather than new pre-miRNA production. We used Applied Biosystems 7900HT Fast Real-Time PCR system using Taqman Rodent MicroRNA Array A. Data is from three paired BDNF and Mock experiments (1,2,3). Each array (TaqMan) contained 375 rodent miRNA targets of which 195 were detectable in hippocampus in three independent paired experiments.
Project description:Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) could be a stress factor that affects microRNA regulation and function in macrophages. The production of microRNAs (miRNA) is influenced by various stimuli, including environmental stresses. We hypothesized that ROS-associated stress could regulate macrophage miRNA synthesis. p47phox-/- mice have deficient NADPH oxidase activity resulting in decreased ROS production. We cultured bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM) from wild type (WT) and p47phox-/- mice and profiled miRNA expression using microarrays. The microarray data reveals that there are differences in the expression levels of different miRs, and our studies suggest functional crosstalk between ROS and miR-451 in the regulation of macrophage oxidant stress. Mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) were obtained from WT (wild type) and p47phox-/- mice. MicroRNAs were isolated by using the mirVana miRNA kit, and a TaqMan rodent microRNA array (consisting of Megaplex RT Primers, Rodent Pool-A, Applied Biosystems) was used for microarray. The array enables quantitation of the expression levels of up to 380 microRNAs and controls. Rodent Pool A contains reverse transcription (RT) primers for 335 and 238 unique microRNAs for mouse and rat, respectively, plus 4 species-specific controls. The data were analyzed on RQ manager software (Qiagen, SA Biosciences) and normalized to the endogenous controls, and analyzed for fold change of miRs in WT compared to p47phox-/-.
Project description:The study sought to determine the global miRNA profiles of mouse pancreatic cell lines aTC1-6 and bTC1 at steady state and after treatment with a cocktail of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL1b; IFNg and TNFa) for a time course of 24 and 48 hours. Inflammatory cocktail contains IL1b 50 IU/ml; IFNg 1000 IU/ml; TNFa 1000 IU/ml. MicroRNA expression profiles in both cell lines during the different experimental conditions were determined using TaqMan® Rodent miRNA A+B Cards Set v2.0 (TLDA, Life Technologies). MicroRNA profiles were measured in 3 independent biological replicates. qRT-PCR analysis of microRNAs of aTC1-6 treated with cytokines for 24 and 48 h and of their respective not-treated controls as well as of βTC1 cells not treated with cytokines. 180 ng RNA of each sample was reverse transcribed through Megaplex™ RT Rodent Primer Pool sets A and B, and preamplified through Megaplex™ PreAmp Rodent Primer Pool sets (Lifetechnologies™). Complementary DNA (cDNA) was amplified usingTaqMan® Rodent miRNA A+B Cards Set v2.0 (Life Technologies™) with TaqMan Universal PCR Master Mix on an ABI 7900HT Sequence Detection System.
Project description:miRNA expression profiles for round spermatids of wild type and GRTH knock-out mice were determined by Rodent TaqMan® Low Density miRNA Arrays A v2.0 (TLDA, Applied Biosystem). Purified round spermatids were prepared from the testis of wild type and GRTH null mice (C57BL/6 strain). Equal amount of total RNA from 20 mice (wild type or GRTH KO) was pooled prior to gene expression analysis.
Project description:Newborn Balb/c mice were injected with 1.5x10^6 fluorescent-forming units (ffu) of Rhesus rotavirus type-A or 0.9% NaCl (normal saline) intraperitoneally within 24 hours of birth to induce experimental model of biliary atresia. The extrahepatic bile ducts including gallbladder were microdissected en bloc at 3, 7 and 14 days after rhesus rotavirus or saline injection. TaqMan® Array Rodent MicroRNA Card v2.0 (A and B) were used to screen microRNAs whose expression was differently regulated after rhusus rotavirus injection compare to the normal saline controls. microRNA expression profiling. Each experimental conditon has 3 sets samples . Two to six extrahepatic bileducts were pooled prior to total RNA isolation depending on the size to ensure adequate RNA quantities to perform experiments quantifying microRNA expression.
Project description:Eosinophlic esophagitis (EoE) is increasely recognized as an antigen-drived disorder. The goal of this study is to reveal the miRNA expression changes in EoE before and after a successful glucocorticoid steroid treatment. Total RNA was extracted from the esophageal epithelial layers of 5 paired paraffin-embedded biopsies before and after treatment with glucocorticosteroids using RecoverAll Total Nucleic Acid Extraction Kit for FFPE tissues (Ambion, Austin, TX). Five nanograms of total RNA was reverse-transcribed using the Taqman MicroRNA Reverse Transcription Kit and the Megaplex RT primer Human Pool A (Applied Biosystems). The reverse-transcribed cDNA was then pre-amplified in 12 cycles of PCR using Taqman PreAmp Master Mix and the Megaplex PreAmp primers, Human Pool A (Applied Biosystems). The cDNA’s were then diluted and loaded on to a Taqman Human miRNA Array card A (Platform GPL9731 ; Applied Biosystems), which contains probes for 377 distinct miRNAs. The Array cards were run on an ABI HT7900 qPCR instrument. Ct values were obtained for all miRNAs represented on the cards and fold changes in expression were calculated using the delta delta Ct (ddCt) method.
Project description:To investigate the regulatory mechanisms governing the malignant signature of different gliomas we analyzed microRNA expression profiles in human tumor samples of world health organization (WHO) grade I (benign tumors), II (low grade tumors) and IV (high grade tumors) and from primary cultures obtained from tumor samples of grade II and IV. Patients This study included tumor samples histologically verified as astrocytic gliomas obtained from patients who had undergone craniotomy for microsurgical tumor removal. According to the revised WHO classification, tumors were diagnosed as: grade I or pilocytic astrocytomas; grade II or diffuse fibrillary astrocytomas; grade IV or glioblastoma multiforme. Primary cell cultures from grade II and grade IV gliomas were also obtained and miRNA expression in these cultures were analyzed RNA extraction Total RNA, including small RNA, was isolated from tissue samples using the mirVanaTM miRNA Isolation Kit (Ambion) following the standard protocol. The quantity and quality of the purified RNA was evaluated by spectrophotometric analysis and electrophoresis on denaturing gel of acrylamide. Multiplex Real-Time Quantitative Reverse-Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) The miRNAs were first converted to cDNA using Multiplex RT for TaqMan Array Human MicroRNA Panel. The RT Master mix included 100 mM each of dNTPs , 50 U/ml MultiScrabe reverse transcriptase (Applied Biosystems), 20 U/µl RNase inhibitor (Applied Biosystems) and 10X RT Buffer. The 10 µl reactions, including 7 µl of RT master mix, 2 µl of purified microRNA and 1 µl of Multiplex RT Human primer pool (Applied Biosystem), were incubated in ice for 5 min and then in a thermal cycler for 30 min at 16°C, 30 min at 42°C, 5 min at 85°C, and then hold at 4°C. miRNA levels were normalized to the expression of small nucleolar RNAs, RNU44, RNU48 and RNU6B. All reverse transcriptase reactions, including no-template controls and RT controls, were run in duplicate. Real-time PCR was performed using a standard TaqMan PCR kit procedure on an “Real Time Fast 7900 HT” PCR System (Applied Biosystems). The 100 µl PCR included 50 µl RT product (before diluited 1:60) and 50 µl TaqMan Universal PCR Master Mix (2X) (Applied Biosystems). The total volume were loaded into Card TaqMan Low Density Array Human MicroRNA Panel (Applied Biosystem) including a total of 384 human microRNAs publicated on databases www.sanger.ac.uk. The reaction cards was runned at 50°C for 2 min and 95°C for 10 min, followed by 40 cycles of 97°C for 30s and 59,7°C for 1 min. All reactions were run in triplicate. Analysis of data was performed using the SDS 2.3 software using the 2-∆∆Ct (relative quantitative) method . The ∆Ct of every miRNA was determined in relation to the endogenous control RNA U6 that was invariably expressed in all samples. The ∆∆Ct value was determined in relation to the calibrator, namely the normal brain tissue. Resulting data were grouped according to the tumor grading e selectioned using a cut-off value of 3. Results were expressed as “fold change” over normal brain tissue. We analyzed two samples of grade I, two samples of grade II, two samples of grade IV gliomas. Four samples form norma brain were used as norma control. Primary cell cultures form grade II and grade IV samples were used for the analysis. All reverse transcriptase reactions, including no-template controls and RT controls, were run in triplicate.
Project description:We performed miRNA and mRNA profiling at postnatal day 14 and day 29 to compare hyperoxia-induced bronchopulmonary dysplasia and wild type. We built potential miRNA-mRNA interaction networks specific to brochopulmonary dysplasia. Replicated time course of mouse lung development at 2 time points (P14, P29). Three replicates per time point for bronchopulmonary dysplasia induced by hyperoxia mouse lung, and two replicates per time point for wild type mouse lung. This dataset represents the miRNA profiling component of the study.
Project description:This study describes differential miRNA expression in intact colon tissue during acute SIV infection of rhesus macaques. Nine miRNAs were found to be significantly affected by infection, with 5 down-regulated and 4 up-regulated miRNAs. The expression of one upregulated miRNA was further characterized and found to be significantly elevated specifically in response to SIV replication and not immune activation/inflammation accompanying SIV infection. We performed TaqMan Low Density Array based high throughput miRNA analysis on intact colon tissue from 10 acutely SIV-infected and 5 uninfected control macaques. All SIV-infected animals were inoculated intravenously with 100TCID50 of SIV. Out of the ten, one animal each was at 7, 8 and 10DPI (days post infection), 3 each at 13 and 21DPI, and 1 at 29DPI. microRNA reverse transcription and preamplification was performed according to the manufacturer’s recommendation. Data analysis was performed using RQ Manager 1.2.2 and DataAssist v3.01 software. Data was normalized using Global normalization method and multiple comparisons correction was performed using Benjamini-Hochberg method.