Expression data from the subclones of Lewis Lung Carcinoma (LLC) cells
ABSTRACT: Medium conditioned by LLC cells stimulates thermogenic gene expression when added onto primary adipocytes. We generated single cell colonies from parental LLC cells. Media conditioned by the subclones stimulated thermogenic gene expression in primary adipocytes at varying degrees. Subclones 2, 3, 6 and 28 produce significantly larger amount of thermogenic activity than the subclones 18, 19, 23 and 24. We compared gene expression profiles of these subclones to identify secreted factors enriched in the more thermogenic clones. LLC subclones were cultured under conditioned medium preparation conditiones and total RNA was extracted from biological replicates.
Project description:PBS and Il-5 (22 pM) treated LLC and B16 cells were harvested after 24 hours, for comparison between: 1) PBS and IL-5 trerated LLC cells, and 2) btween LLC and B16 cells at baseline conditions.
Project description:We previously identified an extracellular pH-sensing G protein-coupled receptor T cell death associated gene 8 (TDAG8) as an extracellular pH sensor of tumor cells that promotes cell growth/survival in vitro and tumor development in vivo. To determine genes regulated by TDAG8 in vitro, mouse Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) cells stably expressing TDAG8 (TDAG8-LLC cells) and control vector (control LLC cells) were cultured under acidic conditions. Transcriptome microarray analysis using Affymetrix GeneChip Mouse Genome 430 2.0 Arrays was performed with total RNA prepared from these cells. To determine genes regulated by TDAG8 in vitro, mouse Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) cells stably expressing TDAG8 (TDAG8-LLC cells) and control vector (control LLC cells) were cultured under acidic conditions. Transcriptome microarray analysis using Affymetrix GeneChip Mouse Genome 430 2.0 Arrays was performed with a mixture of equal amounts of total RNA samples from four independent cell cultures.
Project description:Irradiated granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF)-transduced autologous tumor cells induce substantial antitumor immunity through the maturation and migration of dendritic cells (DCs). However, little is known about the key molecules involved in GM-CSF-sensitized DCs (GM-DCs) in tumor draining lymph nodes (TDLNs). We initially confirmed that mice subcutaneously injected with poorly immunogenic syngeneic Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) cells transduced with Sendai virus encoding GM-CSF (LLC/SeV/GM) significantly rejected the tumor growth. Using microarray expression profiling, we obtained a large number of gene expression data files from GM-DCs and control DCs in TDLNs, and subjected them to network-based cluster analysis and unexpectedly unraveled the expression levels of type I IFNs-related genes specifically expressed in plasmacytoid DCs (pDC) were robustly up-regulated in GM-DCs. In vivo depletion assay showed that pDC-depleted mice treated with subcutaneous LLC/SeV/GM cells abrogated the antitumor effects observed in control mice. Moreover combination use of imiquimod for TLR7 triggering on pDC with irradiated LLC/SeV/GM cells induced a significant therapeutic antitumor effect with marked induction of CD9+ pDC with antitumor phenotype, whereas other control mice groups had only minimal to-modest antitumor responses, implicating that this combined vaccine strategy using imiquimod could be promising for improvement of GM-CSF-induced antitumor immunity. Mouse GM-CSF induced gene expression in mature dendritic cells in tumor draining lymph nodes from C57/BL6N female mouse was measured at 2 days after s.c. tumor challenge with GM-CSF gene-transduced LLC cells (LLC/SeV/GM) or control cells (LLC, LLC/SeV/GFP).
Project description:To investigate the regulation of TCF12 on downstream genes in OSCC, we performed GeneChip analysis using OECM1 expression cell subclones and HSC3 knockdown cell subclones. 4 samples
Project description:We sought to identify genes that are differentially regulated in CD11b+Gr1+ cells after tumor challenging. Mice were challenged with LLC-RFP cells (5×10^6 cells, subcutaneous injection) for 9 days. Single cell suspensions were prepared from lungs of both tumor challenged and control wild type mice and stained with antibodies against CD11b and Gr1. Approximately 1×10^5 CD11b+GR1+ myeloid progenitor cells were sorted by FACS (Aria II, BD Bioscience). Total RNA was extracted from the sorted cells for microarray analysis. In this dataset, we include the expression data of CD11b+Gr1+ cells obtained from both control wild type and tumor challenged mice. These data were used to obtain 22 genes that are upregulated in response to tumor challenging. We analyzed 3 samples from control mice and 2 samples tumor challenged mice. The mean values of the groups were used in the analysis. Genes that were upregulated >2 fold were sorted out and generate the table in the Matrix datasheet.
Project description:We previously established the transcription factor Zfp423 is critical for maintaining white adipocyte identity through suppression of the thermogenic gene program. The loss of Zfp423 in mature adipocytes triggers the rapid conversion of energy-storing white adipocytes into thermogenic beige adipocytes in subcutaneous WAT. In contrast to subcutaneous WAT, visceral WAT is relatively resistant to browning. However, visceral adipocytes lacing Zfp423 are capable of inducing the thermogenic gene program upon β-3 adrenergic stimulus. Here, we generated mice lacking Zfp423 in visceral adipose by breeding transgenic mice expressing Cre recombinase under the control of the Wilms Tumor 1 locus (Wt1-Cre) to animals carrying the floxed Zfp423 alleles (Zfp423loxP/loxP) (“Vis-KO” mice). Inactivation of Zfp423 in visceral WAT gives rise to thermogenic adipocytes that share properties of subcutaneous beige adipocytes and classic brown adipocytes. Overall design: In order to address whether deletion of Zfp423 in visceral adipose converts the white visceral adipocytes into bona fide subcutaneous beige adipocytes, we obtained and compared global gene expression profiles of adipose depots from control and Vis-KO animals through RNA sequencing. We treated the mice with vehicle (PBS) or β-3 adrenergic agonism (1 mg/kg CL316,243) daily for 3 days at thermoneutrality (30°C). RNA-sequencing was performed on mRNA libraries prepared from brown, gonadal, and inguinal adipose tissues from control mice (Cre negative), as well as from gonadal adipose tissue of Vis-KO animals
Project description:Brown adipose tissue (BAT) holds therapeutic potential for obesity and metabolic syndrome via increasing energy expenditure. Both inter- and intra-individual differences contribute to heterogeneity in human BAT and potentially to differential thermogenic capacity in human populations. Here, we demonstrated the generation of brown and white preadipocyte clones from human neck fat and characterized their adipogenic differentiation and thermogenic function. Combining a UCP1 reporter system and gene expression profiling, we defined novel sets of gene signatures in human preadipocytes that could predict the thermogenic potential of mature adipocytes. Knocking out the positive UCP1 regulators, PREX1 and EDNRB, in brown preadipocytes by CRISPRs markedly abolished the high level of UCP1 in mature brown adipocytes. Finally, we showed the ability to prospectively isolate adipose progenitors with great thermogenic potential. These data provide new insights into the cellular heterogeneity in human fat and offer clinically relevant gene targets that mark thermogenically competent preadipocytes. Highly adipogenic clonal white and brown cell lines
Project description:Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) has been shown to be a potent inducer of apoptosis in various cancer cell lines and primary cancer cells. However, in clinical trials administration of recombinant TRAIL or TRAIL death receptor agonists did not show sufficient efficacy for treatment of tested malignant disorders compared to standard chemotherapy. Acquired resistance of cancer cells to TRAIL and to other “death receptor” ligands may explain not only the inability of TRAIL and TRAIL “death receptor” agonists to achieve the clearance of cancer cells in vivo but also the escape of cancer cells from immune cell – mediated killing. Selective pressure of TRAIL on TRAIL-sensitive Jurkat T-lymphoblastic leukemia cells provided several TRAIL resistant Jurkat cell line clones (TR1, TR2, TR3). We showed that acquired TRAIL resistance was associated with complex disruption of both extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic pathways manifested by acquired multi-drug resistant phenotype of TR1, TR2, and TR3 clones. To identify changes associated with TRAIL resistance of Jurkat cells we performed genome-wide gene expression analysis of TRAIL-resistant clones (TR) and compared to WT Jurkat cells. We identified significantly increased expression (1.33-fold change with adjusted p < 0.05) of 73 genes in TR1 clone, 53 genes in TR2 clone and 8 genes in TR3 clone, and significant decrease in expression (0.75-fold change with adjusted p < 0.05) of 174 genes in TR1 clone, 36 genes in TR2 clone and 28 genes in TR3 clone. There was an overlap of only 2 significantly overexpressed (midkine / MDK and zinc finger and BTB domain containing 16 gene / ZBTB16 / PLZF) and 4 downregulated genes (YAP1, IGJ, EIF1AY, RPS4Y1) in all three TR clones. Total cellular RNA was isolated from biologic duplicates of untreated Jurkat cells (WT) and TRAIL resistant Jurkat cell line subclones (TR1, TR2, TR3) established by selective pressure of TRAIL 1000 ng/mL on Jurkat cells over the period of 12 weeks.
Project description:Identification of cancer stem/initiating cells (CSCs/CICs) by a specific marker is useful for diagnosis and therapy of cancer. We have determined that PSF1 which plays a role in DNA replication in lower species is strongly expressed in wide range of normal stem cell population. Here, utilizing the transcriptional activity of PSF1 promoter in tumor cell xenograft model, we show that PSF1high cancer cells display malignant features including high proliferating activity, serial transplantation potential, and metastatic ability those are used for criteria of CSCs/CICs. PSF1high cancer cells localize in perivascular region and genetically display ES cell like signature. Silencing of PSF1 by RNAi inhibited growth of cancer cells mediated by disruption of DNA synthesis and chromosomal segregation. These suggested that PSF1 is a possible maker and a molecular target of CSCs/CICs. We have cloned the mouse PSF1 promoter gene and established lung carcinoma (lewis lung carcinoma: LLC) and colon cancer (colon26) cell lines stably expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) under the transcriptional control of PSF1 promoter (LLC- and colon-PSF1P-EGFP, respectively). Mouse xenograft tumor cells were dissociated and sorted into PSF1 low and high expression cells by FACS. We sought whether PSF1 high expression cells possess embryonic stem cells-like signature.