DHA effect on endothelial cells (HUVEC) under proinflammatory condition
ABSTRACT: Transcriptional profiling of Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVEC) comparing untreated control cells with IL-1-treated cells with or without pre-treatment with DHA. Three condition experiment: DHA treated HUVEC cells (25 µmol/L DHA for 48 hours) vs control; IL-1 treated HUVEC cells (5ng/ml for 3 hours) vs control; HUVEC treated with 25 µmol/L DHA for 48 hours and then stimulated with 5 ng/mL IL-1β for 3 hours. For each condition, 3 replicates
Project description:A comprehensive transcriptomic and proteomic characterization of native HUVEC and HUVEC grown on collagen-coated Xellulin and collagen-coated conventional cell culture plastic from six donors, a total of 28 samples/libraries in 3 groups (1) Native HUVEC freshly isolated from six umbilical cords and then propagated (passage 0) (2) Ten samples of HUVEC passage 1 cultured on Xell-Discs Xellulin (3) twelve samples HUVEC passage 1 cultured in standard plastic cell culture
Project description:Effect of TNF-alpha on microRNAs levels in Human Umbilical Endothelial Cells (HUVECs). HUVEC that were treated or not for 2 or 24 hours with TNF (10 ng/ml). Duplicate samples (1 or 2) of two different isolations of HUVEC (A or B)
Project description:Farmed and wild Atlantic salmon was given either vegetable oil (low DHA and EPA) feed or fish oil (high in DHA and EPA) feed or phospholipid (high in phospholipid) feed from start of feeding. We sampled and RNAseq two tissues (pyloric caeca and liver) on day 0, day 48, day 65 and day 94 after initial feeding.
Project description:Cutaneous melanoma is the most aggressive skin cancer showing high mortality at advanced clinical stages. Platelet-Derived Growth Factor Receptor alpha (PDGFR-alpha) is known to strongly inhibit melanoma and endothelial cells proliferation, in vitro as well in vivo. PDGFR-alpha expression has been found to be reduced in metastatic human melanoma-biopsies, as compared to benign nevi-biopsies, thus implying a negative selection of PDGFR-alpha expressing cells, in melanoma. In the present study PDGFR-alpha was transiently overexpressed in endothelial (HUVEC) and melanoma (SK-Mel-28) human cells; a strong anti-proliferation effect was observed, along with profound effects on mRNA and miRNA expression. In detail, gene-expression profiling showed that PDGFR-alpha over-expression affects the expression of 82 transcripts in HUVEC (41 up-, 41 down-regulated), and 52 Transcripts in SK-Mel-28 (43 up-, 9 down-regulated). Finally, a miRNA profiling showed that 14 miRs are up-regulated and 39 are down-regulated in PDGFR-alpha overexpressing cells. Accurate validation with alternative techniques demonstrated that CXCL10 is one of the most significantly up-regulated at both gene- and protein level, in combination with a strong down-regulation of miR-503 in both HUVEC and SK-Mel-28 overexpressing PDGFR-alpha. We then demonstrate that CXCL10 is a validated miR-503 target, and that the anti-proliferation effect of PDGFR-alpha is reverted by specific CXCL-10 neutralization. In conclusion, PDGFR-alpha overexpression strongly inhibits endothelial- and melanoma- proliferation in a CXCL-10 dependent way, by significantly down-regulating miR-503 expression. This data set contains the results of the mRNA analysis.
Project description:Previously published results from our double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel study with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation (3 g/d, 90 d) to hypertriglyceridemic men (39-66yr) showed that DHA reduced several risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), including the plasma concentration of inflammatory markers. To determine the effect of DHA supplementation on the global gene expression pattern, we performed Affymetrix GeneChip microarray analysis of blood cells (treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or vehicle) drawn before and after the supplementation from the hyperlipidemic men who participated in the previous study. Genes that were significantly differentially regulated by the LPS treatment and DHA supplementation were identified. Differential regulation of 18 genes was then confirmed by quantitative RT-PCR. Both microarray and qRT-PCR data showed that the expression of LDL receptor (LDLR), oxidized LDL receptor (OLR1), and cathepsin L1 (CTSL) was significantly suppressed by DHA supplementation; however, LPS stimulated the expression of LDLR and CTSL but not that of OLR1. LPS up-regulated and DHA suppressed the expression of prostaglandin E synthase (PTGES), PPAR delta, and various chemokines. Enrichment with Gene Ontology categories demonstrated that the genes related to transcription factor activity, immune responses, host defense responses, inflammatory responses, and apoptosis were inversely regulated by LPS and DHA. These results provide supporting evidence for the anti-inflammatory effects of DHA supplementation, and reveal previously unrecognized genes that are regulated by DHA, and are associated with risk factors of cardiovascular diseases. Double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel study with DHA supplementation to hypertriglyceridemic men. Gene expression detected in LPS-stimulated (LPS) and unstimulated (vehicle) white blood cells. 3-4 replicates per group.
Project description:To understand the transcripts regulated by inflammation and how this regulation may differ between different individuals, the transcriptome of HUVECs stimulated with inflammatory mediators was examined in 9 different individuals. In the study present here, HUVEC isolates from 9 different individuals were cultured until passage 4 in fully supplemented growth conditions. Passage 4 HUVEC isolates were then treated with a cocktail of inflammatory mediators (10ng/ml TNF-α, Il-1β, Il-8) for a period of 24 hours prior to RNA extraction. RNA was extracted and hybridised onto CodeLink microarrays. The expression profiles in the inflammatory mediator treated condition were examined along side a superset of the same biological replicates that were untreated (also submitted), to facilitate assessment of the resting transcriptome.
Project description:Background: Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is a natural compound with anticancer and anti-angiogenesis activity that is currently under investigation as both a preventative agent and an adjuvant to breast cancer therapy. However, the precise mechanisms of DHA’s anticancer activities are unclear. It is understood that the intercommunication between cancer cells and their microenvironment is essential to tumor angiogenesis. Exosomes are extracellular vesicles that are important mediators of intercellular communication and play a role in promoting angiogenesis. However, very little is known about the contribution of breast cancer exosomes to tumor angiogenesis or whether exosomes can mediate DHA’s anticancer action. Results: Exosomes were collected from MCF7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells after treatment with DHA. We observed an increase in exosome secretion and exosome microRNA contents from the DHA-treated cells. The expression of 83 microRNAs in the MCF7 exosomes was altered by DHA (>2-fold). The most abundant exosome microRNAs (let-7a, miR-23b, miR-27a/b, miR-21, let-7, and miR-320b) are known to have anti-cancer and/or anti-angiogenic activity. These microRNAs were also increased by DHA treatment in the exosomes from other breast cancer lines (MDA-MB-231, ZR751 and BT20), but not in exosomes from normal breast cells (MCF10A). When DHA-treated MCF7 cells were co-cultured with or their exosomes were directly applied to endothelial cell cultures, we observed an increase in the expression of these microRNAs in the endothelial cells. Furthermore, overexpression of miR-23b and miR-320b in endothelial cells decreased the expression of their pro-angiogenic target genes (PLAU, AMOTL1, NRP1 and ETS2) and significantly inhibited tube formation by endothelial cells, suggesting that the microRNAs transferred by exosomes mediate DHA’s anti-angiogenic action. These effects could be reversed by knockdown of the Rab GTPase, Rab27A, which controls exosome release. Conclusions: We conclude that DHA alters breast cancer exosome secretion and microRNA contents, which leads to the inhibition of angiogenesis. Our data demonstrate that breast cancer exosome signaling can be targeted to inhibit tumor angiogenesis and provide new insight into DHA’s anticancer action, further supporting its use in cancer therapy. Examination of small RNA populations in MCF7 cells and exosomes after DHA treatment.
Project description:mRNA expression after Ezh2 knock down was analyzed to identify genes regulated by Ezh2. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) were transfected with 25 nmol/L of control small interfering RNA (siRNA) (Silencer Select Negative Control Ambion, Austin, TX) or siRNA directed against Ezh2 (s4918; Ambion) using Oligofectamine (Invitrogen). Total RNA was harvested 72 hours after transfection.
Project description:We performed the newly mapping of genome-wide NFATc1 binding events in VEGF-stimulated primary cultured endothelial cells, by chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by high-throughput sequencing (ChIP-seq). Combined NFATc1 ChIP-seq profile and the epigenetic histone marks revealed that predominant NFATc1-occupied peaks were overlapped with promoter marking but not silencer marking. DNA microarrays with NFATc1 expression or knockdown indicated the predominant NFATc1 binding targets were correlated with induced patterns. Examination of NFATc1 and two different histone marks in HUVEC in the presence/absense of VEGF.
Project description:To identify leukocyte adhesion receptors which differentially regulate recruitment in human liver sinusoidal endothelial cells compared to a protoptypic venular endothelium Gene expression was measured in four groups Group 1: cultured human liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (HSEC) Group 2: cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) Group3: Interferon gamma and tumour necrosisfactor alpha treated HSEC and Group 4: Interferon gamma and tumour necrosisfactor alpha treated HUVEC. Two replicates were used for each group.