ABSTRACT: We hypothesized that miRNAs in the bone maroow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSC)-derived exosomes contributed to the phenotype change of breast cancer cells through exosome transfer. We analyzed the miRNA expression signature in BM-MSC-derived exosomes. We compared the miRNA expression levels in exosomes between BM-MSCs and adult fibroblasts (as a control). In this study, miRNA expression including in bone-marrow mesenchymal cell (BM-MSC)-derived exosomes was examined, and compared with that of exosomes derived from adult fibroblast cells or the BM-MSC cells. In addition, miRNA expression of BM-MSC exosomes was also compared with that of breast cancer cells with or without cancer stem cell marker.
Project description:Comprehensive gene expression analysis in BM-resident stromal cells was performed for an overview of BM environmental change caused by total body irradiation (TBI). Total RNA samples collected from BM-resident stromal cells with or without TBI were subjected to high sensitivity DNA microarray assays Three-condition experiment: Unirradiated, 1 day after TBI and 3 days after TBI. Bone marrow stromal cells were obtained from C57BL/6 mice (n = 6) either non-irradiated or after 9.5 Gy irradiation at indicated times.
Project description:We established xenografts and organoids derived from human cholangiocarcinoma. To investigate the signature of cancer stem cells, miRNA expression profiles were analyzed in cholangiocarcinoma xenografts and organoids (passage 7). Microarray analyses were conducted in cholangiocarcioma xenografts and organoids (passage 7).
Project description:Bone marrow (BM) niches provide an optimal substrate for multiple myeloma (MM) cell lodgement and growth. Nevertheless, little is known about the putative mechanisms by which the BM microenvironment can lead to initiation or progression of oncogenesis in this disease. We have demonstrated that BM mesenchymal stromal cell-derived exosomes transfer their miRNA and protein content to clonal plasma cells, thus acting as synaptic vesicles responsible for molding the microenvironment surrounding multiple myeloma (MM) cells, leading to MM growth, dissemination and, therefore, disease progression. We used microarray to detail the changes in microRNA expression in MM-BM mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC)-derived exosomes, compared to normal- and monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance- BM-MSC-derived exosomes. Exosomes have been isolated from cell culture supernatant of BM-MSCs (MM=7; MGUS=2; Normal=4), and subsequently evaluated at ultrastructural level by using electron microscopy and immunogolf labeling. RNA was extracted; and miRNA profiling has been assessed by using TaqMan human miRNA profiling. Mean miRNA expression value has been used for miRNA RT-qPCR data normalization, as described (Mestdagh et al., 2009).
Project description:The change of mRNA expression in murine immortalized podocyte were analyzed after miR-26a silencing. These results provide a basical information of molecular pathology in podocyte biology. Mouse podocytes immortalized by temperature sensitive SV40 were used. Podocyte cultures grown at 33 °C were trypsinized and then cultured with RPMI-1640 without antibiotics in 24-well plates at 60–70% confluence for 2 days. On day 3, an anti-miR negative control (40 pmol) or the miR-26a miRNA inhibitor (40 pmol) was transfected to podocytes. The cells were analyzed after culturing for 24 hour.
Project description:miRNA expression profiling between GIST and leiomyoma specimens taken by Tunneling Bloc Biopsy Nine GIST patients and seven gastric leiomyoma patients underwent endoscopic biopsy called Tunnel Block Biopsy. MiRNAs were extracted from the tissues, then.
Project description:The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) encodes its own microRNAs (miRNAs); however, their biological roles remain elusive. The commonly used EBV B95-8 strain lacks a 12 kb genomic region, known as BamHI A Rightward Transcripts (BART) locus, which encodes a number of viral miRNAs (BART miRNAs). These miRNAs are expressed abundantly in EBV-positive epithelial malignancies, suggesting that the 12 kb region somehow contributes to EBV-mediated epithelial carcinogenesis. Bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) technology was used to generate an EBV B95-8 strain in which the 12 kb region was fully restored at its native locus (BART-restored virus). HEK293 and AdAH cells infected with either the parental BART-deleted virus or the BART-restored virus were established. The gene expression profiles of these cells were examined to identify cellular target genes of BART miRNAs. Total RNAs of 2 independent v-miRNA-positive HEK293 (or AdAH) cells and 2 independent v-miRNA-negative cells HEK293 (or AdAH) cells were processed for Microarray analysis using 3D-Gene human Oligo chip 25k (Toray, Tokyo, Japan).
Project description:In isolated glomeruli by beads-perfusion methods, microRNA (miRNA) expression was analyzed in healthy C57BL/6 and B6.MRLc1 glomerulonephritis mice. The expression of 1,135 miRNAs was examined, and up-regulated or down-regulated miRNA was determined. These results provide a basical information of molecular pathology in glomerulonephritis. The glomeruli were collected from female C57BL/6 (n=3, 9-month-old, healthy control) and female B6.MRLc1 (n=3, 14-month-old, early stage of glomerulonephritis; n=3, 9-month-old, late stage of glomerulonephritis). The total RNA sample was purified, and total 1,135 microRNA expression was compared among healthy, early stage, and late stage.
Project description:We used microarray to determine the miRNA whose expression was changed at 12 hours after Y27632 treatment Two-condition experiment; Huh7 control vs Huh7 treated with Y27632 for 12 hours
Project description:To elucidate the aetiology of HEH, especially with regard to microRNA (miRNA) profiles, samples obtained from three different parts of both normal and tumour tissues were analysed . The details of RNA extraction have been described in our previous reports. Interestingly, 16 miRNAs were significantly up-regulated and 51 miRNAs were down-regulated in the tumour tissues compared to the normal tissues (Student’s t-test, p<0.01). In addition, unsupervised hierarchical clustering analysis using a Pearson’s correlation showed that the tumour tissues clustered separately from the normal tissues. microRNA samples obtained from three different parts of both normal and tumour tissues were analysed
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of mouse ES cell-derived hemaopoitic cells comparing common primitive-definitive hematopoietic precursors (CD41SP) with definitve hematopoietic progenitor cells (KA45) RNA isolated from two separate experiments was pooled and used for comparison