SSEA-4 labels a subset of poor prognosis-associated osteosarcoma-initiating cells that respond to differentiation induction
ABSTRACT: Osteosarcoma is thought of arising from the malignant transformation of osteogenic progenitors. The stage-specific embryonic antigen-4 (SSEA-4) labels a subset of TICs specially present in the high-risk subgroup. SSEA-4+ AND SSEA-4-
Project description:The high concentration of Well5 cells was resuspended into 20μl PBS, the needle along the tibia direction, before reaching in a breakthrough sense, direct injection cells. At 7 days after injection, proximal tibia was able to reach mass production. At 20 days after injection, the proximal tibia mass increased.If prolonging exposure by BLI,this stage displayedthat tumor cell signalsbegan to lung metastasis. Osteosarcoma orthotopic lung metastasis model was successfully constructed. Total RNA was extracted from sorted osteosarcoma cells of the primary site and lung metastases using Trizol (Invitrogen). We used microarrays to detail the global programme of gene expression underlying cellularisation and identified distinct classes of up-regulated genes during osteosarcoma lung metastasis. In support of the notion that fibrosis marks the lung metastasis, the expression of numerous fibrosis-related genes such as FN1, COLs, and MMPs were upregulated from the primary site to lung metastasis in Well5-luc orthotopic inoculation model. Total RNA was extracted from sorted osteosarcoma cells using Trizol (Invitrogen). Gene expression profiling was conducted by Shanghai Biotechnology Corporation using Affymetrix U133 plus 2.0 arrays (Affymetrix, Santa Clara, CA). All data were analyzed according to the manufacturer’s protocol. Raw data generated from Affymetrix CEL files were normalized by RMA background correction; values were log2 transformed. For the enrichment of P values of each GO term, we used Fisher’s exact test to calculate P values and R package stats to calculate FDR (q value) by BH method (www.r-project.org).
Project description:Gliomas arising in the brainstem and thalamus are devastating tumors that are difficult to surgically resect due to their proximity to eloquent brain structures. Here, we performed a comprehesive genomic and epigenomic study, using gene expression and methylation microarrays, to research on th different genomic and epigenetic signatures between brainstem, thalamic, and supratentorial gliomas. Comparison of brainstem, thalamic and supratentorial gliomas
Project description:The direct conversion, or trans-differentiation, of non-cardiac cells into cardiomyocytes by forced expression of transcription factors and microRNAs provide promising ways of cardiac regeneration. However, genetic manipulations are still not desirable in real clinical applications. we report the generation of automatically beating cardiomyocyte-like cells from mouse fibroblasts with only chemical cocktails. These chemical-induced cardiomyocyte-like cells (CiCMs) express cardiomyocyte-specific markers, exhibit sarcomeric organization, and possess typical cardiac calcium flux and electrophysiological features. Microarray-bassed gene expression patterns of Mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs), CiCMs, and cardiomyocytes(CMs) indicated a clear transition from dividing MEFs to differentiated cardiomyocyte-like state in CiCM samples. Mouse embryonic fibroblasts were treated with a small-molecule combination CRFVPT (10 μM CHIR99021 (C); 10 μM RepSox (R); 50 μM Forskolin (F); 0.5 mM VPA (V); 5 μM Parnate, (P); 1 μM TTNPB (T)) to induce transdifferentiation to chemical-induced cardiomyocyte-like cells. CiCMs beating clusters were picked at day 24 for analysis. MEFs were isolated from mouse embryos, and CMs were isolated from mouse hearts. Total RNA of MEFs, CiCMs and CMs were extracted and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:Find the possible signaling pathways which contribute to the cell growth inhibition effect of SW-treated AGS cells Global gene expression profiling is an ideal technique to obtain useful clues for exploration of the anticancer mechanism of SW. Through comparing microarray results between solvent- and SW-treated cells, differentially expressed genes were obtained (>1.5 fold). The microarray results were validated using real-time RT-PCR. We used the KEGG database, STRING database and GO database for further ananlysis, and therefore got the possible signaling pathways underlying the anticancer effect of SW. We analyzed total RNA samples of solvent- and SW-treated AGS cells using the Affymetrix Human Gene 1.0 ST platform. No techinical replicates were performed.
Project description:To find the possible signaling pathways which contribute to the anticancer effect of SW-treated HepG2 cells Global gene expression profiling is an ideal technique to obtain useful clues for exploration of the anticancer mechanism of SW. Through comparing microarray results between solvent- and SW-treated cells, differentially expressed genes were obtained (>1.5 fold). The microarray results were validated using real-time RT-PCR. We used the KEGG database, STRING database and GO database for further ananlysis, and therefore got the possible signaling pathways underlying the anticancer effect of SW. We analyzed total RNA samples of solvent- and SW-treated HepG2 cells using the Affymetrix Human Gene 1.0 ST platform. No techinical replicates were performed.
Project description:HCC cell line SMMC-7721 were treatment with human recombinant artemin for 12 hours. Total RNA was extracted and the induced gene expression was analyzed. Analysis of gene expression induced by artemin treatment
Project description:Zygotic genome activation (ZGA), which is according to the midblastula transition in zebrafish, is an important event during the maternal-zygotic transition in animals. Our preliminary study and other group’s works indicate that epigenetic regulations play an essential role in ZGA. Morpholino was employed to knockdown PRMT6. We used microarrays to analyze the global gene expression in prmt6 morphants. prmt6 MO (0.3mM) was injected into the one-two cell zebrafish, prmt6 cMO (0.3mM) injection as a control. At 6 hpf, embryos were classified into three subtypes (normal, mild and severe) and prepared for global gene expression analysis with Affymetrix Zebrafish Genome Arrays. The severe subtype and the control were repeated three times.
Project description:Four days old rice calli were selected to grow 324h under spaceflight controls, 1g-flight controls and 1g-ground controls. We used microarrays to detail the global programme of gene expression underlying cellularisation and identified distinct classes of up-regulated genes during this process. Rice calli were selected at different treatment for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. We sought to obtain the diff-genes that caused by the microgravity.