Expression data from mus musculus subjected to traumatic brain injury (TBI) for treatment with cyclophosphamide
ABSTRACT: We inflicted TBI to wildetype (wt) mice in order to establish whether the anti-inflammatory agent cyclophosphamide can be used therapeutically. Cyclophosphamide was found to regulate distinct inflammatory cells such as activated microglia separate from invading phagocytes and dendritic cells. Cyclophosphamide postinjury selectively reduces antigen-presenting dendritic cells. Findings show feasibility of drug development to interfere with brain inflammation. TBI was carried out in injured wt B6 mice for postinjury treatment with cyclophospamide i.p. using saline as a control substance for comparison with injured but untreated mice. Total RNA was prepared from injured cerebral neocortex after three days. RNA samples were also from uninjured wt mice as reference for hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:We inflicted TBI to chemokine-deficient mouse lines in order to establish involvement of various signalling pathways that may be addressed therapeutically. Interacting chemokine pathways in brain regulate distinct inflammatory cells. Activated microglia are separate from invading phagocytes and dendritic cells. Findings show potential targets to interfere with specific inflammatory responses after brain injury. TBI was carried out in Ccl3-/- and Ccr2-/- mice, total RNA prepared from injured cerebral neocortex after three days. RNA samples were from uninjured Ccl3-/- and Ccr2-/- mice as reference for hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:We inflicted TBI to wildetype (wt) mice in order to establish whether the anti-inflammatory agent cyclophosphamide can be used therapeutically. Cyclophosphamide was found to regulate distinct inflammatory cells such as activated microglia separate from invading phagocytes and dendritic cells. Cyclophosphamide postinjury selectively reduces antigen-presenting dendritic cells. Findings show feasibility of drug development to interfere with brain inflammation. Overall design: TBI was carried out in injured wt B6 mice for postinjury treatment with cyclophospamide i.p. using saline as a control substance for comparison with injured but untreated mice. Total RNA was prepared from injured cerebral neocortex after three days. RNA samples were also from uninjured wt mice as reference for hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:Using microarray analysis, we explored the differences in gene expression in wounded and intact skin using murine model. Injured skin samples were examined at days 1 and 4 post injury. The results provide the detailed molecular profile of the the genetic response to injury. Two full-thickness dermal wounds were made on the opposite sides of the midline of each mouse using a 4 mm punch biopsy instrument. Wounds were made through the epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous tissue layers while leaving the fascia intact. At a specified time point after the wounding (1 and 4 days), mice were sacrificed by carbon dioxide inhalation. The wounds and surrounding tissues or intact skin samples were removed with an 8 mm biopsy punch.
Project description:We used microarrays to characterize the global changes in gene expression within the ascending aorta of mice due to conditional disruption of TGF-β signaling in smooth muscle and/or due to heterozygous fibrillin-1 mutation. Myh11-CreERT2.Tgfbr2f/f (abbreviated as Cre.Tgfbr2) mice were cross-bred to Fbn1C1039G/+ (abbreviated as Fbn1C/+) mice and treated with vehicle or tamoxifen for 5 d starting at 4 wk of age to generate 4 groups of animals: 1) Cre.Tgfbr2-Veh: controls with intact TGF-β signaling and wild-type fibrillin-1 expression; 2) Cre.Tgfbr2-Tmx: conditional disruption of Tgfbr2 in smooth muscle with wild-type fibrillin-1 expression; 3) Fbn1C1039G.Cre.Tgfbr2-Veh: heterozygous expression of mutant fibrillin-1 with intact TGF-β signaling; and 4) Fbn1C1039G.Cre.Tgfbr2-Tmx: conditional disruption of Tgfbr2 in smooth muscle with heterozygous expression of mutant fibrillin-1. The animals were euthanized at 6 weeks of age and their ascending aortas (from above the coronary arteries to the first arch branch) were collected and total RNA was extracted.
Project description:The transcription factor Zinc finger protein 148 (Zfp148) interacts physically with the tumor suppressor p53, but the siginficance of this interaction is not known. We recently showed that knockout of Zfp148 in mice leads to ectopic activation of p53 in tissues and cultured fibroblasts, suggesting that Zfp148 represses p53 activity. Here we hypothesized that targeting Zfp148 would unleash p53 activity and protect against cancer development, and test this idea in the APCMin/+ mouse model of intestinal adenomas. Crypt-enriched tissues were isolated by laser microdissection (PALM) from the small intestines (proximal) of Zfp148gt/+APCMin/+ and Zfp148+/+APCMin/+ mice for RNA extraction and hybridization to Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:Microarrays were used to identify transcriptional responses in field-grown root material of wheat in order to dissect specific gene expression responses to limited macronutrient availability, particularly phosphate. This study fills the gap between the transcriptome studies on model plants and the lack of studies on soil-grown wheat aiming to identify candidate genes for enhancing nutrient uptake efficiency. The work at Rothamsted Research is supported via the 20:20 Wheat® Programme by the UK Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council. The contribution was supported by BIONUT-ITN and the research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement no. 264296. T. aestivum cv. Hereward root material was excavated in triplicates in May 2011 at booting stage from sections 0 and 1 plots representing continuous wheat plots of the “Broadbalk” field experiment at Rothamsted Research, UK (http://www.rothamsted.ac.uk/sample-archive/guide-classical-and-other-long-term-experiments-datasets-and-sample-archive). The distinct peculiarity of these plots, including a control plot with nutrient replete wheat plants, is the withdrawal of N, P, K, Mg and S fertilizers exposing the plants to multiple long-term nutrient deficiencies and representing 6 treatments ; 12 samples were analysed.
Project description:Abstract Background Traumatic brain injury (TBI) results in irreversible damage at the site of impact and initiates cellular and molecular processes that lead to secondary neural injury in the surrounding tissue. We used microarray analysis to determine which genes, pathways and networks were significantly altered using a rat model of TBI. Adult rats received a unilateral controlled cortical impact (CCI) and were sacrificed 24h post-injury. The ipsilateral hemi-brain tissue at the site of the injury, the corresponding contralateral hemi-brain tissue, and naïve (control) brain tissue were used for microarray analysis. Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) software was used to identify molecular pathways and networks that were associated with the altered gene expression in brain tissues following TBI. Results Inspection of the top fifteen biological functions in IPA associated with TBI in the ipsilateral tissues revealed that all had an inflammatory component. IPA analysis also indicated that inflammatory genes were altered on the contralateral side, but many of the genes were inversely expressed compared to the ipsilateral side. The contralateral gene expression pattern suggests a remote anti-inflammatory molecular response. We created a network of the inversely expressed common (i.e., same gene changed on both sides of the brain) inflammatory response (IR) genes and those IR genes included in pathways and networks identified by IPA that changed on only one side. We ranked the genes by the number of direct connections each had in the network, creating a gene interaction hierarchy (GIH). Two well characterized signaling pathways, toll-like receptor/NF-kappaB signaling and JAK/STAT signaling, were prominent in our GIH. Conclusions Bioinformatic analysis of microarray data following TBI identified key molecular pathways and networks associated with neural injury following TBI. The GIH created here provides a starting point for investigating therapeutic targets in a ranked order that is somewhat different than what has been presented previously. In addition to being a vehicle for identifying potential targets for post-TBI therapeutic strategies, our findings can also provide a context for evaluating the potential of therapeutic agents currently in development. The ipsilateral hemi-brain tissue at the site of the injury, the corresponding contralateral hemi-brain tissue, and naïve (control) brain tissue (n=3 for each) were used for RNA isolation. The TBI injured animals were Todd 1, 2 Todd, and Todd 3, each yielding an ispilateral and contralateral sample. The naïve animals were Xu 13 control, Xu 2 control, and Xu 6 control.
Project description:We used microarrays to characterize the global changes in gene expression in C2C12 cells due to siRNA knockdown of long non-coding RNA H19 Control siRNA or siRNA specific for mouse H19 were transfected into day1 differentiating C2C12 myoblasts in triplicates. 40 H later total RNAs were isolated and subjected with microarray analysis.
Project description:Environmental stimuli are known to contribute to psoriasis pathogenesis and that of other autoimmune diseases, but the mechanism is unknown. Here we show that the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a transcription factor that senses environmental stimuli, modulates pathology in psoriasis. AhR-activating ligands reduced inflammation in the lesional skin of psoriasis patients, whereas AhR antagonists upregulated inflammation. Similarly, AhR signaling via the endogenous FICZ ligand reduced the inflammatory response in the imiquimod-induced model of psoriasis and AhR deficient mice exhibited a substantial exacerbation of the disease, compared to AhR sufficient controls. Non-haematopoietic cells, in particular keratinocytes, were responsible for this hyper-inflammatory response, which involved increased reactivity to IL-1beta and upregulation of AP-1 family members of transcription factors. Thus, our data suggest a critical role for AhR in the regulation of inflammatory responses and open the possibility for novel therapeutic strategies in chronic inflammatory disorders. Total RNA obtained from skin explants taken from AhR heterozygous or knock-out mice treated pericutaneously with imiquimod for 0 and 2d.