MiRNA profiling in Rattus norvegicus pancreatic cells: RIN-5F cells during infection with Coxsackie B4 virus
ABSTRACT: This study aims at elucidating how Coxsackie B virus infection perturbs the host's miRNA regulatory pathways that may lead to different pathological events using the miRNA microarray approach. The rat pancreatic cell line -RIN-5F, was infected with various preparations of Coxsackie B4 viruses was analysed for miRNA expression profiles subsequently. The miRNA expression profiles were measured at 48, and 72 hours post infection, respectively.
Project description:This study aims at elucidating how Coxsackie B virus infection perturbs the host's miRNA regulatory pathways that may lead to different pathological events using the miRNA microarray approach. The rat pancreatic cell line - INS-1E, was infected with various preparations of Coxsackie B4 viruses was analysed for miRNA expression profiles subsequently. The miRNA expression profiles were measured at 48, and 72 hours post infection, respectively.
Project description:This study aims at elucidating how H5N1 influenza infection perturbs the host's miRNA regulatory pathways that may lead to adverse pathological events, such as cytokine storm, using the miRNA microarray approach. The cell line - NCI-H292, was infected with various preparations of H5N1 influenza viruses was analysed for miRNA expression profiles subsequently. The miRNA expression profiles were measured at 3, 6, 18, and 24 hours post infection, respectively.
Project description:This study aims at elucidating how H1N1 influenza infection perturbs the host's miRNA regulatory pathways that may lead to adverse pathological events, such as cytokine storm, using the miRNA microarray approach. The cell line - NCI-H292, was infected with various preparations of H1N1 influenza viruses was analysed for miRNA expression profiles subsequently. The miRNA expression profiles were measured at 3, 6, 18, and 24 hours post infection, respectively.
Project description:MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are known to be deregulated in human breast cancer (BC). The purpose of the current study was to investigate the expression of miRNAs in different stages of BC to assess their biological value in BC progression. MiRNA expression was assessed in a series of BC patients (n=7) with distinct stages of tumour progression (Normal, in-situ (DCIS), primary invasive BC and nodal metastases) to evaluate miRNA differential expression. We used an Agilent miRNA microarray based platform which uses miRBase 16 to screen for 1205 Homo sapiens (hsa) and 144 human viral miRNA candidates. To validate the microarray data, the expression of two deregulated miRNAs was measured by TaqMan quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). This study was conducted Formalin Fixed and Paraffin Embedded (FFPE) specimens from 7 female patients. Twenty μm thick FFPE sections were cut and mounted on PALM Membrane Slides. Under direct microscopic visualization, tissues of interest were micro-dissected using PALM non-contact Laser catapulsion instrument (P.A.L.M. Microlaser Technologies, Carl Zeiss Ltd). Total RNA, including miRNAs, was extracted with the TRIzol reagent (Invitrogen, supplied by Fisher Scientific UK Ltd) according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Total RNA was quantified with Quant-iT RiboGreen RNA Quantitation Kit (Fisher Scientific UK Ltd), which is an accurate method of measuring total RNA with a detection limit of 0.001-1ng/µl. RNA purity and RNA integrity number (RIN) were determined on an Agilent 2100 Bioanalyzer and RNA 6000 NanoLabChip Kits (both Agilent Technologies, Santa Clara, USA), and the RIN of all the samples was >2 but <3. This is expected for FFPE breast samples and is acceptable by Agilent Technologies, Santa Clara, USA, for FFPE samples to undergo miRNA microarray analysis. MiRNAs extracted from laser microdissected tissue components were profiled using Agilent microRNA microarray profiling system (Agilent Technologies, Santa Clara, USA). Total RNA samples were spiked using the MicroRNA Spike-In Kit (Agilent Technologies, Santa Clara, USA) to evaluate efficiencies of labelling and hybridisation. Total RNA was treated with Calf Intestinal Alkaline Phosphatase (CIP), and then 100 ng of total RNA was used per sample to initiate a labelling reaction. Ligation master mix for T4 RNA ligase, which includes Cyanine 3-Cytidine biphosphate (Cyanine 3-pCp) (Complete miRNA Labelling and Hyb Kit, Agilent Technologies, Santa Clara, USA) was used to label the dephosphorylated RNA. Cyanine-3-labelled miRNA samples were hybridised to human miRNA microarrays (Release 16.0, 8x60K) (Agilent Technologies, Santa Clara, USA) at 55°C for 20 hrs. Microarray slides were washed with increasing stringency (Gene Expression Wash Buffers, Agilent Technologies, Santa Clara), and subsequently dried with acetonitrile (Sigma-Aldrich, St. Louis, USA). Fluorescent signal intensities were detected on an Agilent Microarray Scanner (Agilent Technologies, Santa Clara, USA) using the Scan Control A.8.4.1 Software (Agilent Technologies, Santa Clara, USA) and extracted from the images with the Feature Extraction 10.7.3.1 Software (Agilent Technologies, Santa Clara, USA).
Project description:Esophageal cancer is a highly malignant and prevalent cancer worldwide. Current TNM staging system is insufficient for prognosis of esophagus squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate miRNA expression profile of ESCC and identify a miRNA signature which robustly predict the survival of ESCC patients. MiRNA expression profiles of paired frozen tissues from 119 ESCC patients were assessed by microarray. After normalization of microarray data, the patients were randomly divided into a training set (n=60) and a test set (n=59). From the training set, we identified a four-miRNA prognostic signature (including hsa-miR-218-5p, hsa-miR-142-3p, hsa-miR-150-5p, and hsa-miR-205-5p) using random forest supervised classification algorithm and nearest shrunken centroid algorithm. This signature distinguished the patients into high-risk or low-risk groups whose overall survival differed significantly (5-year survival 7.4% vs. 66.7%, p<0.001). Prognostic value of this signature was validated in the test set (5-year survival 18.8% vs. 46.5%, p=0.025) and further in an independent cohort of 58 patients assessed by a different platform (5-year survival 11.4% vs. 56.7%, p=0.003). Furthermore, multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed that this signature is an independent prognostic factor for ESCC patients. Moreover, stratified analysis showed that this signature was able to predict survival within TNM stages. The expression level of the four miRNAs measured by microarray was verified by qRT-PCR and showed high level of positive correlation (Pearson correlation coefficient>0.75, p<0.001 for all). Our results suggest that the four-miRNA signature can serve as a reliable biomarker to predict the survival of ESCC patients. the miRNA expression profiles of cancer and adjacent normal tissues form 119 ESCC patients were used to identify a miRNA signature that can perdict the survival of ESCC patients.
Project description:We investigated the involvement of microRNAs (miRNAs) in gastric cancers. MiRNA expression was profiled from 40 cancerous and 40 non-cancerous tissues obtained from the National Cancer Centre, Singapore, and Singhealth Tissue Repository, Singapore. We identified 80 differentially expressed miRNAs in tumors compared with normal tissues. Among these miRNAs, we identified hsa-mir-486-5p (mir-486) as a significantly downregulated miRNA in GC. Subsequent functional characterization revealed that mir-486 playing a tumor suppressor role. We also observed frequent genomic deletion of mir-486 in 20-30% of GCs. To our knowledge, mir-486 represents one of the first tumor suppressor miRNAs in GC inactivated through genomic deletion. MiRNA expression was profiled on Agilent Human miRNA Microarrays (V2) representing 723 human and 76 human viral miRNAs in 40 normal and 40 cancerous gastric tissues.
Project description:Lack of change in microRNA expression in adult mouse liver following treatment with benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), as detected using Exiqon miRNA arrays. Adult male mice were exposed to 150 mg/kg benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) or solvent for 3 days and sampled 4 hours after the last dose. MicroRNA expression levels in adult mouse liver were measured using Exiqon miRNA arrays. Our results indicate a distinct lack of effect of BaP of miRNA expression, despite widespread changes in mRNA levels (measured using Agilent arrays). Lack of miRNA changes was confirmed with Agilent miRNA arrays. Keywords: Toxicology, miRNA Adult male B6C3F1 mice were exposed to a daily dose of corn oil (vehicle control group) or 150 mg/kg BaP (treatment group) for 3 d (n=6 per group). Mice were sacrificed at 4 h or 24 h following the last dose and liver lobes were extracted and flash frozen. Exiqon miRNA arrays were used to examine changes in miRNA transcript levels in random liver lobe sections.
Project description:Background/Objective: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a pivotal role in cancerogenesis and cancer progression, but their specific role in metastasis of clear cell renal cell carcinomas (ccRCCs) as so-called metastamirs is still limited. Based on microRNA microarray analyses from normal (n=12) and cancerous (n=12) samples of ccRCC specimens and from bone metastases (n=9) of ccRCC patients, we identified a set of 57 differentially expressed microRNAs between those three sample groups of ccRCC. A selected panel of 33 miRNAs, including miRNAs reported in the literature as differentially expressed in non-metastatic RCC, was validated by RT-qPCR on 57 clinical samples. 30 of the 33 examined miRNAs were confirmed to be deregulated. A stepwise down-regulated miRNA expression from normal over primary tumor to metastatic tissue samples was found to be typical. 23 miRNAs (miR-10b/-19a/-19b/-20a/-29a/-29b/-29c/-100/-101/-126/-127/-130/-141/-143/-145/-148a/-192/-194/-200c/-210/-215/-370/-514) were down-regulated in metastatic tissue samples in comparison to normal tissue. This down-regulated expression in metastatic tissue was also present in 21 miRNAs except for miR-127 and miR-370. The altered miRNA profiles including the newly identified metastasis-associated miRNAs, the compiled predicted miRNA-target interactions, and the significant correlations of miRNAs which were either lost or newly appeared in the studied sample groups afford a solid basis for further functional analyses of individual miRNAs. In this study, microarray-based profiling was performed from 9 bone metastatic tissue samples from 9 patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). For controls, 2 bone metastatic samples from two patients with prostate carcinoma and 5 total RNA pools (2 different pools of total RNAs isolated from malignant renal tissue samples derived from different ccRCC patients; 1 pool from non-malignant renal tissue of ccRCC patients; 2 pools of total RNA both from malignant and non-malignant prostate cancer tissue) were used. In addition, matched malignant (e.g., malignant NC2) and non-malignant (e.g., non-malignant NN1) samples from two independent 12 ccRCC sets were profiled (these samples were previously analyzed on a different Platform in GSE12105). The 2002 TNM System and the 2004 WHO classification was used for staging and grading.