Project description:This study aims at elucidating how Coxsackie B virus infection perturbs the host's miRNA regulatory pathways that may lead to different pathological events using the miRNA microarray approach. The rat pancreatic cell line -RIN-5F, was infected with various preparations of Coxsackie B4 viruses was analysed for miRNA expression profiles subsequently. The miRNA expression profiles were measured at 48, and 72 hours post infection, respectively.
Project description:This study aims at elucidating how Coxsackie B virus infection perturbs the host's miRNA regulatory pathways that may lead to different pathological events using the miRNA microarray approach. The rat pancreatic cell line - INS-1E, was infected with various preparations of Coxsackie B4 viruses was analysed for miRNA expression profiles subsequently. The miRNA expression profiles were measured at 48, and 72 hours post infection, respectively.
Project description:This study aims at elucidating how H5N1 influenza infection perturbs the host's miRNA regulatory pathways that may lead to adverse pathological events, such as cytokine storm, using the miRNA microarray approach. The cell line - NCI-H292, was infected with various preparations of H5N1 influenza viruses was analysed for miRNA expression profiles subsequently. The miRNA expression profiles were measured at 3, 6, 18, and 24 hours post infection, respectively.
Project description:This study aims at elucidating how H1N1 influenza infection perturbs the host's miRNA regulatory pathways that may lead to adverse pathological events, such as cytokine storm, using the miRNA microarray approach. The cell line - NCI-H292, was infected with various preparations of H1N1 influenza viruses was analysed for miRNA expression profiles subsequently. The miRNA expression profiles were measured at 3, 6, 18, and 24 hours post infection, respectively.
Project description:Esophageal cancer is a highly malignant and prevalent cancer worldwide. Current TNM staging system is insufficient for prognosis of esophagus squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate miRNA expression profile of ESCC and identify a miRNA signature which robustly predict the survival of ESCC patients. MiRNA expression profiles of paired frozen tissues from 119 ESCC patients were assessed by microarray. After normalization of microarray data, the patients were randomly divided into a training set (n=60) and a test set (n=59). From the training set, we identified a four-miRNA prognostic signature (including hsa-miR-218-5p, hsa-miR-142-3p, hsa-miR-150-5p, and hsa-miR-205-5p) using random forest supervised classification algorithm and nearest shrunken centroid algorithm. This signature distinguished the patients into high-risk or low-risk groups whose overall survival differed significantly (5-year survival 7.4% vs. 66.7%, p<0.001). Prognostic value of this signature was validated in the test set (5-year survival 18.8% vs. 46.5%, p=0.025) and further in an independent cohort of 58 patients assessed by a different platform (5-year survival 11.4% vs. 56.7%, p=0.003). Furthermore, multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed that this signature is an independent prognostic factor for ESCC patients. Moreover, stratified analysis showed that this signature was able to predict survival within TNM stages. The expression level of the four miRNAs measured by microarray was verified by qRT-PCR and showed high level of positive correlation (Pearson correlation coefficient>0.75, p<0.001 for all). Our results suggest that the four-miRNA signature can serve as a reliable biomarker to predict the survival of ESCC patients. the miRNA expression profiles of cancer and adjacent normal tissues form 119 ESCC patients were used to identify a miRNA signature that can perdict the survival of ESCC patients.
Project description:Background/Objective: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a pivotal role in cancerogenesis and cancer progression, but their specific role in metastasis of clear cell renal cell carcinomas (ccRCCs) as so-called metastamirs is still limited. Based on microRNA microarray analyses from normal (n=12) and cancerous (n=12) samples of ccRCC specimens and from bone metastases (n=9) of ccRCC patients, we identified a set of 57 differentially expressed microRNAs between those three sample groups of ccRCC. A selected panel of 33 miRNAs, including miRNAs reported in the literature as differentially expressed in non-metastatic RCC, was validated by RT-qPCR on 57 clinical samples. 30 of the 33 examined miRNAs were confirmed to be deregulated. A stepwise down-regulated miRNA expression from normal over primary tumor to metastatic tissue samples was found to be typical. 23 miRNAs (miR-10b/-19a/-19b/-20a/-29a/-29b/-29c/-100/-101/-126/-127/-130/-141/-143/-145/-148a/-192/-194/-200c/-210/-215/-370/-514) were down-regulated in metastatic tissue samples in comparison to normal tissue. This down-regulated expression in metastatic tissue was also present in 21 miRNAs except for miR-127 and miR-370. The altered miRNA profiles including the newly identified metastasis-associated miRNAs, the compiled predicted miRNA-target interactions, and the significant correlations of miRNAs which were either lost or newly appeared in the studied sample groups afford a solid basis for further functional analyses of individual miRNAs. In this study, microarray-based profiling was performed from 9 bone metastatic tissue samples from 9 patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). For controls, 2 bone metastatic samples from two patients with prostate carcinoma and 5 total RNA pools (2 different pools of total RNAs isolated from malignant renal tissue samples derived from different ccRCC patients; 1 pool from non-malignant renal tissue of ccRCC patients; 2 pools of total RNA both from malignant and non-malignant prostate cancer tissue) were used. In addition, matched malignant (e.g., malignant NC2) and non-malignant (e.g., non-malignant NN1) samples from two independent 12 ccRCC sets were profiled (these samples were previously analyzed on a different Platform in GSE12105). The 2002 TNM System and the 2004 WHO classification was used for staging and grading.
Project description:Exercise leads to a rapid change in the profile of gene expression in circulating PBMCs. We hypothesized that miRNA expression in circulating PBMCs would also be affected by brief exercise. 12 healthy men (19-30 yr old) performed 10 2-min bouts of cycle ergometer exercise interspersed with 1-min rest at a constant work equivalent to about 76% of VO2max. A baseline blood sample was taken before and immediately after the exercise. Neutrophils were isolated using OptiPrep Density Gradient Medium (SIGMA). Total RNA was extracted using TRIzol®. For this study we used Agilent Human miRNA microarrays V2 (total of 24 chips).
Project description:Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a cerebrovascular disease characterized by progressive stenosis of the intracranial internal carotid arteries and their proximal branches. However, the etiology of this rare disease remains widely unknown. Serum microRNA (miRNA) profiles have been screened to identify novel biomarkers for disease diagnosis and prognosis. Here, we identified important serum miRNAs that might play important roles in contributing to MMD pathogenesis through microarray analysis. 10 MMD patients and 10 controls were consecutively recruited at Shanghai Changhai Hospital. Five-ml venous blood was collected from each participant and separated into serum and cellular fractions. We pooled serum samples from 10 MMD patients and 10 controls. Agilent Human 8 x 60K miRNA Array was performed on the two pooled samples.
Project description:MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that control protein expression through translational inhibition or mRNA degradation. MiRNAs have been implicated in diverse biological processes such as development, proliferation, apoptosis and differentiation. Upon treatment with nerve growth factor (NGF), rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells elicit neurite outgrowth and differentiae into neuron-like cells. NGF plays a critical role not only in neuronal differentiation but also in protection against apoptosis. In an attempt to identify NGF-regulated miRNAs in PC12 cells, we performed miRNA microarray analysis using total RNAs harvested from cells treated with NGF. In response to NGF treatment, expression of 8 and 12 miRNAs were up- and down-regulated, respectively. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis confirmed increased expression of miR-221, miR-181a* and miR-326, and decreased expression of miR-143, miR-210 and miR-532-3p after NGF treatment, among which miR-221 was drastically up-regulated. Overexpression of miR-221 induced neurite outgrowth of PC12 cells in the absence of NGF treatment, and also enhanced neurite outgrowth caused by low-dose NGF. More importantly, knockdown of miR-221 by antagomir attenuated NGF-mediated neurite outgrowth. Finally, miR-221 decreased expression of Foxo3a and Apaf-1, both of which are involved in apoptosis in PC12 cells. Our results indicate that miR-221 plays a critical role for neuronal differentiation as well as protection against apoptosis in PC12 cells. NGF induced miRNAs expression in rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells was measured in cells treated with 100 ng/ml NGF for 0, 12, 24 and 48 hr.