Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

35

Gene expression in subcutaneous and visceral fat predicts liver histology in morbidly obese patients


ABSTRACT: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become the most common cause of liver disease affecting 20-30% of the population in developed countries. NAFLD is strongly associated with abdominal obesity and is recognized as the hepatic manifestation of the metabolic syndrome. In a subgroup of patients with NAFLD inflammation and fibrosis develops, this so-called Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) may progress to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. A multi-hit hypothesis has been proposed in which during the first “hit” fat accumulation occurs in hepatocytes from excessive delivery of fatty acids from adipose tissue, in addition there is an imbalance in lipid synthesis and export. However, the reason why fat accumulation is subsequently followed by inflammation and fibrosis in some patients is poorly understood. We studied the role of inflammatory processes in visceral and subcutaneous fat at the transcriptional level using microarray in bariatric patients from whom the liver histology was available. Patients scheduled for bariatric surgery were recruited in two centers (Pretoria/South-Africa and Antwerpen/Belgium). At the time of the procedure, tissue samples of the visceral and subcutaneous fat were taken for molecular analysis as well as liver tissue for histology, also full biochemical data was collected. Patients were grouped according histology: group I (<5% steatosis), group II (NAFLD, 30-50% steatosis), group III (NASH) and group IV (NASH + fibrosis F2-F3). The following samples were used for microarray (number of 'patients' respectively for stages I-II-III-IV): visceral fat (9-7-7-5), subcutaneous fat (6-6-6-5). Microarrays were run in two batches (15xxx versus 17xxx CEL file samples; indicated in the description field). Samples from two patients (FN61; FN76) were put twice on array (15078+17881; 15064+17877) to verify and exclude batch effects. Please note that, due to technical repeats with two patient samples, the number of 'visceral fat samples' for stages I-II-III-IV is 10-7-8-5.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Johannie Du Plessis  Jos van Pelt   Wouter Van Delm   Schalk van der Merwe    

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-58979 | ArrayExpress| 2015-09-21

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE58979PRJNA254044

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications


The prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has increased with the obesity pandemic. We analyzed the transcriptional profiles of subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT), and phenotypes and functional characteristics of adipocyte tissue macrophages (ATMs), in obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery.We collected anthropometric data; plasma samples; and SAT, VAT, and liver tissues from 113 obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery at academic hospita  ...[more]

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