Fluvastatin-induced differential global gene expression in human metastatic MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells
ABSTRACT: The current study analyzed the altered expression profiles of genes that are responsible for fluvastatin-induced breast cancer cell death in MDA-MB-231 cells (ER-ve basal breast cancer cells). Some of these altered gene expressions were further inter connceted to various pathways which may eventually be recognised as drug targets/ biomarkers in statin-sensitve breast cancer patients. To understand the differential gene expression profile in fluvastatin treated (24 h) malignant breast cancer cells with untreated malignant breast cancer cells.
Project description:The current study analyzed the altered expression profiles of genes that are responsible for fluvastatin-induced breast cancer cell death in MCF-7 cells (ER+ve luminal breast cancer cells). Some of these altered gene expressions were further inter connceted to various pathways which may eventually be recognised as drug targets/ biomarkers in statin-sensitve breast cancer patients. To understand the differential gene expression profile in fluvastatin treated (24 h) malignant breast cancer cells with untreated malignant breast cancer cells.
Project description:The current study analyzed the metadherin (MTDH)-mediated altered gene expression profiles in ER negative MDA-MB-231 cells. Some of these altered gene expressions were further inter connected to various pathways which may eventually be recognized as drug targets or biomarkers in those breast cancers where MTDH plays a role in cancer progression/metastasis. To understand the global differential gene expression profile in MTDH-wild type and a newly identified MTDH-isoform knock down in metastatic breast cancer cells. This data was compared to untreated breast cancer cells.
Project description:Oct4, a key transcription factor for maintaining the pluripotency and self-renewal of stem cells has been reported previously. It also plays an important role in tumor proliferation and apoptosis, but the role of Oct4 been in tumor metastasis is still not very clear. Here, we found that ectopic expression of Oct4 in breast cancer cells can inhibit their migration and invasion. Detailed examinations revealed that Oct4 up-regulates expression of E-cadherin, indicative of its inhibitory role in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). RNA-sequence assay showed that Oct4 down-regulates expression of Rnd1. As an atypical Rho protein, Rnd1 can affect cytoskeleton rearrangement and regulate cadherin-based cell-cell adhesion by antagonizing the typical Rho protein, RhoA. Ectopic expression of Rnd1 in MDA-MB-231 cells changes cell morphology which influences cell adhesion and increases migration. It is reported that EMT is accompanied by cytoskeleton remodeling, we hypothesized that Rnd1 may play a role in regulating EMT. Over-expression of Rnd1 can partly rescue the inhibitory effects induced by Oct4, not only migration and invasion, but also in E-cadherin level and cellular morphology. Furthermore, silencing of Rnd1 can up-regulate the expression of E-cadherin in MDA-MB-231 cells. These results present evidence that ectopic expression of Oct4 increases E-cadherin and inhibits metastasis, effects which may be related to Rnd1 associated cell-cell adhesion in breast cancer cells. Examination of mRNA profiles in MDA-MB-231 cells with OCT4 overexpressing
Project description:Both EZH2 and NF-κB contribute to aggressive breast cancer, yet whether the two oncogenic factors have functional cross-talk in breast cancer is largely unknown. Here, we uncover an unexpected role of EZH2 in conferring the constitutive activation of NF-κB target gene expression in ER-negative basal-like breast cancer cells. This function of EZH2 is independent of its histone methyltransferase activity but requires the physical interaction with RelA/RelB to promote the expression of NF-κB targets. Intriguingly, EZH2 acts oppositely in repressing NF-κB targets in ER-positive luminal-like breast cancer cells by interacting with ER and directing repressive histone methylation. Thus, EZH2 function as a double-facet molecule in breast cancers, functioning either as a transcriptional activator or repressor of NF-κB targets, in a cell context-dependent manner. These findings reveals an additional mechanism by which EZH2 promotes breast cancer progression and also underscore the need for developing context-specific strategy for therapeutic targeting of EZH2 in breast cancers. 12 samples were analyzed including three replicates of siNC CTRL and siEZH2 CTRL.
Project description:To further investigate the molecular mechanisms by which EVs mediated the abnormal localization of tight junction proteins and adherence junction protein, we performed miRNA microarray analysis of extracellular vesicles isolated from breast cancer cells. miRNA expression in extracellular vesicles was collected from MDA-MB-231-D3H1, MDA-MB-231-D3H2LN, BMD2a and BMD2b breast cancer cell lines.
Project description:To clarify and compare gene expression profile of each cell line, we have employed microarray expression profiling. The expression of many genes was similar in MM231-D3H2LN-GFP-BM2 cells parental cells, MM231-D3H2LN-GFP cells; however, the expression of genes related to the cell cycle was decreased in the BM2 cells compared with the parental cells. We also confirmed that the global gene expression patterns of the CD44+ and CD44- MM231-D3H2LN-GFP-BM2 cells were similar, although some genes which encode proteins that breast cancer cell dormancy, such as SRC and ERBB2 were increased and decreased, respectively, in the CD44- population. The gene expression of breast cancer cells metastatic to bone marrow and those with or without expression of cancer stem cell marker were measured.