Project description:The current study analyzed the altered expression profiles of genes that are responsible for fluvastatin-induced breast cancer cell death in MDA-MB-231 cells (ER-ve basal breast cancer cells). Some of these altered gene expressions were further inter connceted to various pathways which may eventually be recognised as drug targets/ biomarkers in statin-sensitve breast cancer patients. To understand the differential gene expression profile in fluvastatin treated (24 h) malignant breast cancer cells with untreated malignant breast cancer cells.
Project description:The current study analyzed the metadherin (MTDH)-mediated altered gene expression profiles in ER negative MDA-MB-231 cells. Some of these altered gene expressions were further inter connected to various pathways which may eventually be recognized as drug targets or biomarkers in those breast cancers where MTDH plays a role in cancer progression/metastasis. To understand the global differential gene expression profile in MTDH-wild type and a newly identified MTDH-isoform knock down in metastatic breast cancer cells. This data was compared to untreated breast cancer cells.
Project description:The current study analyzed the altered expression profiles of genes that are responsible for fluvastatin-induced breast cancer cell death in MCF-7 cells (ER+ve luminal breast cancer cells). Some of these altered gene expressions were further inter connceted to various pathways which may eventually be recognised as drug targets/ biomarkers in statin-sensitve breast cancer patients. To understand the differential gene expression profile in fluvastatin treated (24 h) malignant breast cancer cells with untreated malignant breast cancer cells.
Project description:The current study analyzed the metadherin (MTDH)-mediated altered gene expression profiles in ER positive MCF-7 cells. Some of these altered gene expressions were further inter connected to various pathways which may eventually be recognized as drug targets or biomarkers in those breast cancers where MTDH plays a role in cancer progression/metastasis. To understand the global differential gene expression profile in MTDH-wild type and a newly identified MTDH-isoform knock down in malignant breast cancer cells. This data was compared to untreated breast cancer cells.
Project description:MDA-MB-231 cell line with relatively high DOT1L levels was treated with two potent, selective inhibitors of the DOT1L histone methyl transferase. These compounds can inhibit cells migration and invasion and induce differentiation. Here we provide expression profiling data of cells treated with two DOT1L inhibitors  , DOT1L siRNA (siDOT1L) or control. MDA-MB-231 cells were treated with 1uM compound , 5uM compound , 2uM compound , 10 uM compound  (DOT1L inhibitors) or control (0.1% DMSO) for 14 days, or siDOT1L for 7 days. For each unique condition, 2 biological replicates were generated for expression profiling. Compound : EPZ004777 (in Diagle et al., 2011) Compound : Compound 55 (in Anglin et al., 2012)
Project description:Oct4, a key transcription factor for maintaining the pluripotency and self-renewal of stem cells has been reported previously. It also plays an important role in tumor proliferation and apoptosis, but the role of Oct4 been in tumor metastasis is still not very clear. Here, we found that ectopic expression of Oct4 in breast cancer cells can inhibit their migration and invasion. Detailed examinations revealed that Oct4 up-regulates expression of E-cadherin, indicative of its inhibitory role in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). RNA-sequence assay showed that Oct4 down-regulates expression of Rnd1. As an atypical Rho protein, Rnd1 can affect cytoskeleton rearrangement and regulate cadherin-based cell-cell adhesion by antagonizing the typical Rho protein, RhoA. Ectopic expression of Rnd1 in MDA-MB-231 cells changes cell morphology which influences cell adhesion and increases migration. It is reported that EMT is accompanied by cytoskeleton remodeling, we hypothesized that Rnd1 may play a role in regulating EMT. Over-expression of Rnd1 can partly rescue the inhibitory effects induced by Oct4, not only migration and invasion, but also in E-cadherin level and cellular morphology. Furthermore, silencing of Rnd1 can up-regulate the expression of E-cadherin in MDA-MB-231 cells. These results present evidence that ectopic expression of Oct4 increases E-cadherin and inhibits metastasis, effects which may be related to Rnd1 associated cell-cell adhesion in breast cancer cells. Examination of mRNA profiles in MDA-MB-231 cells with OCT4 overexpressing
Project description:Identifying the gene expression alterations that occur in both the tumor and stroma is essential to understanding tumor biology. We have developed a dual-species microarray analysis method that allows the dissection of both tumor and stromal gene expression profiles from xenograft models, based on limited interspecies cross-hybridization on Illumina gene expression beadchips. This methodology allows for simultaneous genome-wide analysis of gene expression profiles of both tumor cells and the associated stromal tissue. Data is provided regarding the crosshybridization of mouse liver RNA on human microarray, and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell line RNA on mouse microarray. Data is also provided for comparisons of MDA-MB-231 gene expression in vitro vs. in vivo, and mouse liver gene expression in control mice vs. stroma from MDA-MB-231 xenograft liver metastasis in tumor bearing mice A total of 18 samples were analyzed. Samples consist of 6 different types with each type in triplicate. Types are (1) MDA-MB-231 cell line grown in vitro and arrayed on mouse chips, (2) mouse liver from NOD/SCID mice arrayed on human chips, (3) MDA-MB-231 cell line grown in vitro arrayed on human chips, (4) MDA-MB-231 xenograft liver metastasis arrayed on human chips, (5) mouse liver from NOD/SCID mice arrayed on mouse chips, and (6) MDA-MB-231 xenograft liver metastasis arrayed on mouse chips. The overall design had three objectives: (1) to determine crosshybridizing probes based on sample types 1, 2, 3, and 5, (2) detect stromal and tumor expression using sample types 4 and 6, and (3) determine genes differentially expressed in tumor or metastasis compared to normal by comparing sample types 3 and 4 and comparing sample types 1 and 5.
Project description:miRNAs are small noncoding RNA molecules that play an important role in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. Length and/or sequence variants of the same miRNA are termed isomiRs. While most isomiRs are functionally redundant compared to their canonical counterparts, so-called 5’isomiRs exhibit a shifted 5’ end and therefore a shifted seed sequence resulting in a different target spectrum. However, not much is known about the functional relevance of these isoforms. Analysis of miRNA-seq data from breast cancer cell lines identified six pairs of highly expressed miRNAs and associated 5’isomiRs. Among them, hsa-miR-140-3p was of particular interest because its 5’isomiR showed higher expression compared to the canonical miRNA annotated in miRbase. This miRNA has previously been shown to control stemness of breast cancer cells. MiRNAseq data of breast cancer patients (TCGA dataset) showed that both the canonical hsa-miR-140-3p and its 5’isomiR-140-3p were highly expressed in patients compared to normal breast tissue. In the current work, we present the functional characterization of 5’isomiR-140-3p and the cellular phenotypes associated with its overexpression in MCF10A and MDA-MB-231 cell lines in comparison to the canonical hsa-miR-140-3p. Contrary to the effect of the canonical hsa miR 140-3p, overexpression of the 5’isomiR-140-3p led to a decrease in cell viability. The latter observation was supported by cell cycle analysis, where the 5’isomiR-140-3p but not the hsa-miR-140-3p caused cell cycle arrest in G0/G1-phase. Additionally, 5’ismoiR-140-3p overexpression was found to cause a decrease in cell migration in MCF10A cells. We identified three novel direct target genes of the 5’ isomiR-140-3p; COL4A1, ITGA6 and MARCKSL1. Finally, we have shown that knocking down these genes partially phenocopied the effects of the 5’isomiR-140-4p overexpression, where COL4A1 and ITGA6 knockdown led to reduced cell viability and cell cycle arrest, while MARCKSL1 knockdown resulted in a decrease in the migratory potential of cells. In summary, this work presents evidence that there is a functional synergy between the canonical hsa-miR-140-3p and the newly identified 5’isomiR-140-3p in suppressing growth and progression of breast cancer by simultaneously targeting genes related to differentiation, proliferation, and migration. With this array, we aimed to address the question which genes are regulated by either of the two forms of the miRNA. Samples were measured in one biological replicate of cells transfected with mimic-ctrl1 and mimic-ctrl2 (Dharmacon) as control samples and two biological replicates of cells transfected with hsa-miR-140-3p and 5'isomiR-140-3p (Exiqon) in 30nM concentration using Lipofectamin 2000 as transfection reagent.
Project description:Gene expression profiles were performed on MDA-MB-231 TNBC cell line treated with entinostast, all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), and doxorubicin as single, double, and triple combinations using Illumina. Treatment signatures were made from each drug treatment and integrated to find a comprehensive view of changes associated with the epigenetic, differentiation and chemotherapy combination