Adenosine deaminases that act on RNA (ADARs) convert adenosine residues to inosine in double-stranded RNA. In vivo, ADAR1 is essential for the maintenance of hematopoietic stem/progenitors. Whether other hematopoietic cell types also require ADAR1 has not been assessed. Using erythroid- and myeloid-restricted deletion of Adar1, we demonstrate that ADAR1 is dispensable for myelopoiesis but is essential for normal erythropoiesis. Adar1-deficient erythroid cells display a profound activation of inn ...[more]
Project description:Purpose: We have used microarrays to identify gene expression profiles that distinguish mouse OS cells from normal pre-osteoblast cells and mature osteoblast cells. Methods: Transcriptional profiles of three cell lines derived from tumors from Osx-Cre p53fl/fl Rbfl/fl (fibroblastic OS) mouse model, and from pre-osteoblast cells (Kusa4b10 mouse bone marrow stromal cell line) and osteoblast cells (derived by in vitro differentiation of the Kusab410 mouse bone marrow stromal cell line) were generated by microarray analysis, each in triplicate, using Affymetrix mouse Gene1.0ST arrays. Transcriptional profiles were analyzed in cell lines derived from tumors from a genetically engineered mouse model of human osteosarcoma (Osx-Cre p53fl/fl Rbfl/fl) and osteoblast cells derived from the Kusa4b10 mouse bone marrow stromal cell line, in the undifferentiated state (pre-osteoblasts) and differentiated state (osteoblasts).
Project description:Expression analysis of OS tumors with shRNA knockdown of PTHR1 mouse OS 80 (a Cre:lox OS cell line from Boston) was tagged with firefly luciferase expression construct. They were then infected with either control (renilla luciferase shRNA) or an shRNA that effective knocks-down PTHR1 (PTHR1.358; para-thyroid hormone receptor). The cells were injected with matrigel onto the back flank of Balb/c nu/nu mice and left to grow for 1 month with weekly monitoring of tumour size by in vivo luciferase assay. At 4 weeks the tumours were removed and trizol stored. Whole tumour was ground up and set form micro-array. 6 tumors with shRNA PTHR1 knockdown ; 6 tumors with shRNA control (renilla luciferase shRNA) knockdown
Project description:The aim was to identify pathways and genes that are transcriptionally deregulated in osteosarcoma due to changes in CpG island DNA methylation. In order to identify candidates, we compared low passage cell cultures derived from a mouse model of osteosarcoma to mature osteoblasts derived by in vitro differentiation of the mouse bone marrow stromal cell line, Kusa4b10. Under cell culture osteoblastic differentiating conditions, Kusa4b10 cells acquire a mature osteoblastic phenotype (21 days). A potential role for DNA methylation in directing gene expression changes was established by integrating gene expression data with genome wide DNA methylation maps generated by methyl-DNA binding domain capture and NimbleGen promoter arrays (MBDCap-Chip). 3 cell lines derived from primary tumors from p53 Rb Osterix-Cre:lox OS model, 3 Osteoblasts (differentiated Kusa4b10 cells (21 days under osteoblastic differentiation conditions)
Project description:Expression analysis from two genetically engineered mouse models of osteosarcoma determine the expression profile of mouse osteosarcoma Human osteosarcoma (OS) is comprised of three different subtypes: fibroblastic, chondroblastic and osteoblastic. We previously generated a mouse model of fibroblastic OS by conditional deletion of p53 and Rb in osteoblasts. Here we report an accurate mouse model of the osteoblastic subtype using shRNA-based suppression of p53. Like human OS, tumors frequently present in the long bones and preferentially disseminate to the lungs; features less consistently modeled using Cre:lox approaches. Our approach allowed direct comparison of the in vivo consequences of targeting the same genetic drivers using different technology. This demonstrated that the effects of Cre:lox and shRNA mediated knock-down are qualitatively different, at least in the context of osteosarcoma. Through the use of complementary genetic modification strategies we have established a model of a distinct clinical subtype of OS that was not previously represented and more fully recapitulated the clinical spectrum of this human tumor. 4 primary tumors from Cre:lox OS model; 4 primary tumors from shRNA OS model.
Project description:The ets transcription factor ELF5 specifies the differentiation of mammary progenitor cells to establish the milk-secreting lineage. ER- and poor prognosis basal breast cancers arise from this progenitor cell and these cancers express high levels of Elf5. Knockdown of ELF5 expression in basal breast cancer cell lines, or forced expression in luminal breast cancer cell lines, resulted in reduced cell proliferation. Transcript profiling and chromatin immunoprecipitation revealed that the transcriptional activity of ELF5 specified the gene expression patterns that distinguish basal from luminal breast cancer, including suppression of FOXA1, GATA3 and ER, key estrogen-action genes. Tamoxifen treatment of luminal MCF7 cells upregulated Elf5 expression and cells that acquired resistance to Tamoxifen became dependent on ELF5 for proliferation. ELF5 is a regulator of breast cancer cell proliferation, transcriptionally specifies the basal molecular subtype and is utilised by ER+ breast cancer cells to escape proliferative arrest caused by Tamoxifen. Elf5 was induced via doxycycline treated PyMT mouse tumours, in triplicate
Project description:The HER2 (ERBB2) and MYC genes are commonly amplified genes in breast cancer, yet little is known about their molecular and clinical interaction. Using a novel chimeric mammary transgenic approach and in vitro models, we demonstrate markedly increased self renewal and tumour propagating capability of cells transformed with Her2 and c-Myc. Co-expression of both oncogenes in cultured cells led to a pronounced activation of a c-Myc transcriptional signature and acquisition of a self renewing phenotype independent of an EMT programme or regulation of cancer stem cell markers. We show that HER2 and c-MYC are frequently co-amplified in a clinical breast cancer cohort and that co-amplification is strongly associated with aggressive clinical behaviour and poor outcome. Lastly, we show that in patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy (but not targeted anti-HER2 therapy), MYC amplification is associated with a poor outcome in HER2+ breast cancer patients. These findings demonstrate the importance of molecular context in oncogenic transformation and acquisition of a malignant stem-like phenotype and have important diagnostic and therapeutic consequences for the clinical management of HER2+ breast cancer. Gene expression analysis of Her2, Myc, and Her2 + Myc over expression on MCF10A cells, with MCF10A vector control comparison
Project description:Human cSki was overexpressed using MIGR1 retrovirus in sorted murine Lin-c-Kit+Sca-1+ cells. Cells were infected and cultured for 2 days after infection prior to isolation of GFP+ve cells and microarray. GFP+ve MIGR1 and cSKI cells were compared. Each sample represents an independent infection with either cSki or MIGR1 Comparison of GFP+ve LKS+ infected with MIGR1 and cSki
Project description:Activated pancreatic stellate cells produce the fibrotic matrix in chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer. In vitro protocols examining PSC biology have usually involved PSCs cultured on plastic, a non-physiological surface. However, PSCs cultured on physiological matrices e.g. MatrigelTM (normal basement membrane) and collagen (fibrotic pancreas), may have distinctly different behaviours compared to cells cultured on plastic. Therefore, we aimed to compare PSC gene expression after culture on plastic, MatrigelTM and collagen I. Total RNA from stellate cells in 10 cm Petri dishes was isolated by Qiagen RNeasy Mini Plus kit as per manufacturer’s instructions. The Agilent 2100 Bioanalyzer (Agilent Technologies Inc. Santa Clara, CA) was used for quality control of the isolated total RNA. Gene expression profiles of rat PSCs cultured on MatrigelTM, collagen I and plastic were analysed by whole rat genome microarray purchased from Affymetrix (Rat Gene 1.0 ST Array). This array was able to detect 27,342 rat genes, with approximately 26 probes on average per gene (referred to as a probe set).