Effect of NDRG3 expression on cell response to hypoxia
ABSTRACT: Analysis of Huh-7 hepatocarcinoma cell line depleted of NDRG3 or HIF-1α under hypoxic condition. HIF-1α and NDRG3 have distinct functions in hypoxia responses. Results provide insight into molecular basis of HIF-independent signaling in the development and progression of hypoxic tumors Gene expression profiles of Huh-7 cells stably expressing NDRG3-shRNA or HIF-1α-shRNA under normoxia were compared to gene expression profiles of Huh-7 stable cells under hypoxia for 3, 6, 12 and 24 hours.
Project description:Analysis of Huh-7 hepatocarcinoma cell line depleted of NDRG3 or HIF-1α under hypoxic condition. HIF-1α and NDRG3 have distinct functions in hypoxia responses. Results provide insight into molecular basis of HIF-independent signaling in the development and progression of hypoxic tumors Gene expression profiles of Huh-7 cells stably expressing NDRG3-shRNA or HIF-1α-shRNA under normoxia were compared to gene expression profiles of Huh-7 stable cells under hypoxia for 6, 12 and 24 hours.
Project description:Activation of glycolytic genes by HIF-1 is considered critical for metabolic adaptation to hypoxia. We found that HIF-1 also actively suppresses glucose metabolism through the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA) by directly trans-activating the gene encoding pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1 (PDK1). PDK1 inactivates the TCA cycle enzyme, pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH), which converts pyruvate to acetyl-CoA. Forced PDK1 expression in hypoxic HIF-1α-null cells increases ATP levels, attenuates hypoxic ROS generation and rescues these cells from hypoxia-induced apoptosis. These studies reveal a novel hypoxia-induced metabolic switch that shunts glucose metabolites from the mitochondria to glycolysis to maintain ATP production and to prevent toxic ROS production. Experiment Overall Design: We sought to determine by microarray analysis of gene expression the genes responsive to hypoxia using the human B lymphocyte cell line, P493-6. Hypoxia-responsive genes were globally assessed in cells incubated in 0.1% O2 for 29 hours at which the highest HIF-1 levels were obtained
Project description:Analysis of HeLa cells overexpressing NDRG3 or exposed to hypoxic condition. Gene expression profiles of HeLa cells stably expressing NDRG3 were compared to gene expression profiles of HeLa stable cells expressing mock or hypoxia-mediated gene expression profiles.
Project description:DCs play a central role for the immune response against the mold Aspergillus fumigatus. Hypoxic microenvironments occur during infection with A. fumigatus. Hypoxia and signaling via hypoxia inducible factor 1α may modulate the response of DCs; however, the role in fungal infections is unclear. We used microarrays to determine the influence of hypoxia and HIF-1α signaling on the immune response of human DCs towards A. fumigatus. HIF-1α silenced or non-silenced, human monocyte-derived DCs were cultivated for 6 h in normoxia or hypoxia (1 % O2) without stimulation or stimulated with inactivated germ tubes of A. fumigatus. Three independent experiments with DCs derived from different blood donors were performed. RNA was extracted and hybridized on Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:To investigate the role for LSD1 under hypoxia condition. we depleted LSD1 gene with siRNA in Huh-1 cell lines under 1% O2 hypoxia condtion, and than perforemed gene expression microarray analysis. Using Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA), determined to identify the biological pathway. Determined the gene expression profile of the LSD konckdown effect under hypoxia condition. Using Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) decided to identify the biological pathways.
Project description:Alternative RNA splicing analysis in Hep3B cell cultured under 21% (N1,3,5) or 1.2% (H2,4,6) oxygen Hypoxia is a common characteristic of many solid tumors. The hypoxic microenvironment stabilizes hypoxia-inducible transcription factor 1α (HIF1α) and 2α (HIF2α) to activate gene transcription, which promotes tumor cell survival. 95% of human genes are alternatively spliced, producing RNA isoforms that code functionally distinct proteins. Thus, effective hypoxia response requires increased HIF target gene transcription as well as proper RNA splicing of these HIF target genes. However, it is unclear if and how hypoxia regulates RNA splicing of HIF target genes. This study determined the effects of hypoxia on alternative splicing (AS) of HIF and non-HIF target genes in Hep3B cells and characterized the role of HIF in regulating AS of HIF induced genes. The results indicated that hypoxia generally promotes exon inclusion for hypoxia-induced, but reduces exon inclusion for hypoxia reduced genes. Mechanistically, HIF activity, but not hypoxia per se is found to be necessary and sufficient to increase exon inclusion of several HIF target genes including pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1 (PDK1). PDK1 splicing reporters confirmed that transcriptional activation by HIF is sufficient to increase exon inclusion of PDK1 splicing reporter. In contrast, transcriptional activation of the PDK1 minigene by other transcription factor in the absence of endogenous HIF target gene activation fails to alter PDK1 RNA splicing, demonstrating a novel role of HIF target gene(s) in regulating RNA splicing of HIF target genes. Implications:This study demonstrates a novel function of HIF in regulating RNA splicing of HIF target genes. We analyzed total RNA from Hep3B cells cultured under 21% (N1,3,5) or 1.2% (H2,4,6) oxygen using the Affymetrix Human Exon 1.0 ST platform. Array data was processed by Altanalyze software version 2.0.7. Techinical replicates were performed for Nx and Hx treated Hep3B cells
Project description:Analysis of the binding sites of Hif-1α in both wild-type and von Hippel Lindau mutant zebrafish lines at 4dpf by ChIP linked next generation sequencing. The von Hippel Lindau mutant displays a systemic hypoxic response under normoxic conditions. Results show the extent of Hif-1α binding to the genome, and provide a basis for analysis of the transcriptional response to genetically induced hypoxia in zebrafish. Analysis of the DNA binding sites of Hif-1α in both wild-type and von Hippel Lindau mutant zebrafish lines at 4dpf. The von Hippel Lindau mutant displays a systemic hypoxic response under normoxic conditions. Results show the extent of Hif-1α binding to the genome, and provide a basis for analysis of the dependency of the transcriptional response on Hif-1α in conditions of genetically induced hypoxia in zebrafish.
Project description:Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are multipotent progenitors supporting bone marrow hematopoiesis. MSC have an efficient DNA damage response (DDR) and are consequently reatively radio-resistant cells. Therefore, MSCs are key to hematopoietic reconstitution following total body irradiation (TBI) and bone marrow transplantation (BMT). The bone marrow niche is hypoxic and via the heterodimeric transcription factor Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (Hif-1), hypoxia enhances the DDR. Using gene knock-down, we have previously shown that the Hif-1α subunit of Hif is involved in MSC radio-resistance, however its exact mechanism of action remains unknown. In order to dissect the involvement of Hif-1α in the DDR, we have generated using CRISPR/Cas9 technology, a stable MS5 mouse MSC cell line lacking Hif-1 expression. Herein, we show that it is the whole Hif-1 transcription factor, and not only the Hif-1α subunit, that modulates the DDR of mouse MSCs, and that this effect is dependent upon the integrity of the DNA binding domain. We have also characterized the Hif-1α-dependent proteomic changes undergone by hypoxic MS5 cells. These findings have important implications for the modulation of MSC radio-resistance in the context of BMT and cancer.
Project description:To investigate the detailed molecular mechanisms for the regulatory role of HIF-2α in experimental colitis, microarray gene expression analysis was performed on colon RNA isolated from 6- to 8-week-old Hif-2αF/F, Hif-2αlΔIE mice treated with 3%DSS for 3 days. Background & Aims: Hypoxic inflammation is characterized by decreased oxygen tension in inflammatory foci, and is a notable feature in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Hypoxic response is mediated by transcription factors hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α and HIF-2α, both of which are highly induced in IBD. HIF-1α is a protective factor that limits intestinal barrier dysfunction during inflammation. However, the role of HIF-2α has not been assessed in hypoxic inflammation and IBD. Methods: A hypoxia reporter mouse model was used to test the presence of hypoxia and HIF-2α in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) and Citrobacter rodentium (C.rod)-induced colitis. The role of HIF-2α in these mouse models of colitis was further assessed in mice with an intestinal epithelium-specific gain- and loss-of-function of HIF-2α. Results: Induction of hypoxia and HIF-2α was confirmed in both murine experimental colitis models and human IBD samples. Disruption of HIF-2α attenuated colonic inflammation whereas stabilization of HIF-2α potentiated inflammation in mouse models of colitis. Interestingly, intestine specific overexpression of HIF-2α but not HIF-1α leads to spontaneous colitis and premature death in mice. Further mechanistic analysis showed that HIF-2α is a driver for pro-inflammatory response and is critical regulator of intestinal epithelial-derived tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. Blocking TNF-α completely ameliorated HIF-2α potentiated intestinal inflammation. Conclusions: These data demonstrate that HIF-2α is a critical transcription factor essential in intestinal epithelium elicited inflammatory response. Global gene expression profiling in colon RNAs isolated from 7-week-old Hif-2αF/F (n=6, Shah 007) and Hif-2αΔIE (n=5, Shah 008).
Project description:Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) activates the transcription of genes encoding proteins that enable cells to adapt to reduced O2 availability. HIF-1 controls physiological processes that are dysregulated in cancer and heart disease, including angiogenesis, energy metabolism, and immunity. These disease processes are also characterized by increased activation of adenosine and β-adrenergic receptors, which triggers the synthesis of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), the allosteric regulator of cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA). We performed a proteomic screen in cardiomyocytes and identified PKA as a HIF-1α-interacting protein. PKA interacted with HIF-1α and phosphorylated Thr63 and Ser692 in vitro, coimmunoprecipitated with HIF-1α from cell lysates, and enhanced HIF transcriptional activity and target gene expression in human HeLa cells and rat cardiomyocytes. PKA inhibited the proteasomal degradation of HIF-1α in an O2-independent manner that required phosphorylation of Thr63 and Ser692 and was not affected by mutation of Pro402 and Pro564. PKA also stimulated the binding of the coactivator p300 to HIF- 1α to enhance its transcriptional activity and this effect was lost upon mutation of Asn803. These data establish a potential link between stimuli that increase cAMP concentrations and HIF-1α-dependent changes in gene expression, which contribute to the pathophysiology of cancer and heart disease.