Characteristics of Long Non-coding RNAs in the Brown Norway Rat and Alterations in the Dahl Salt-Sensitive Rat
ABSTRACT: Using poly(A)-independent and strand-specific RNA-seq, we identified approximately 1,500 to 1,800 lncRNAs expressed in each of the following tissues of Brown Norway rats: the renal cortex, renal outer medulla, liver, cardiac left ventricle, adrenal gland, and hypothalamus. Examination of several tissues of BN rats
Project description:The results of this study identified a number of pathways potentially important for the amelioration of hypertension and renal injury in SS-13BN/Mcw rats, and these results generated a series of testable hypotheses related to the role of the renal medulla in the complex mechanism of salt-sensitive hypertension. Rats were paired for microarray hybridization, and the results were analyzed. Each of the four between-group comparisons comprised three pairs of rats examined by six microarrays with dye switching for each pair. Dye switching was not necessary for within-group comparisons, because the two rats of each pair were equivalent in terms of their treatment status. The expression data from the present study were combined with those from 24 microarrays hybridized in our previous study and used to identify genes exhibiting the most distinct temporal patterns of expression between SS and SS-13BN/Mcw over the time course studied.
Project description:Renal gene expression profiles of Eker and wild type rats, gavaged with AA or OTA, respectively for 1, 3, 7 or 14 days; We used Affymetrix RAE230A microarrays for the analysis of early gene expression changes in the renal cortex_ outer medulla of carcinogen treated Eker and corresponding wild type rats Experiment Overall Design: Eker and wild type rats were gavaged daily with OTA (210µg_ kg BW) or AA (10mg_ kg BW), dissolved in 0,1M sodium bicarbonate. Time-matched vehicle controls were gavaged with 0,1M sodium bicarbonate. Following 1, 3, 7, and 14 days of treatment, Narcoren (pentobarbital) anesthetized rats were sacrificed by exsanguination subsequent to retrograde perfusion with PBS. Left kidneys were collected, cross-sectioned into 5mm slices and stored in RNAlater for subsequent RNA isolantion and chip hybridisation
Project description:characterization of fibrinogen expression in the kidney, excretion in the urine following kidney damage and evaluating the therapeutic potential of fibrinogen in acute kidney injury. Overall design: Total RNA was isolated of renal cortex and medulla from rats subjected to 20 min of bilateral ischemia followed by 6, 24 120, hr of reperfusion compared to sham rats.
Project description:Metzincins and related genes (MARGS) play important roles in ECM remodeling in fibrotic conditions. In this investigation, gene expression was examined in a rat model to investigate whether the previously described MARGS based fibrosis classifier had diagnostic value in an experimental rat model of lithium-induced renal fibrosis Overall design: Male Wistar rats (n=12) were divided into 2 groups (n=6) One group was given a diet containing lithium (40 mmol/kg food for 7 days, followed by 60mmol/kg food for the rest of the experimental period, while a control group (n=6) was fed a normal diet. After six months, animals were sacrificed and the renal cortex and medulla of both kidneys removed for analysis. For microarray investigation, 24 GeneChip® Affymetrix Rat Exon 1.0 ST arrays were used. Statistically relevant genes (p-value<0.05, fold change>1.5, t-test) were further examined.
Project description:The Brown Norway (BN) strain of rat is an inbred normotensive strain. BN rats of both sexes present some interesting pathophysiological phenotypes involving arteries and the kidneys. These include internal elastic lamina (IEL) ruptures in the abdominal aorta and iliac arteries, a deficit in aortic elastin content, a persistent ductus arteriosus, hydronephrosis and hematuria. Spontaneous rupture of the internal elastic lamina occurs in various arteries during growth and aging, in different rat strains, both normotensive and hypertensive. Most strains present such ruptures in their caudal and renal arteries, although to different extents (Osborne-Pellegrin 1985; Coutard and Osborne-Pellegrin 1991). However, the BN strain is the only rat strain to spontaneously develop numerous IEL ruptures in the abdominal aorta and iliac arteries (Osborne-Pellegrin et al., 1989; Behmoaras J et al., 2005). In this respect, it is exceptional. In this study samples of abdominal aortae of BN- and LOU-rats (here as control) were compared Keywords: strain effect Overall design: 10 chips were analyzed. They represent 2 groups of 5 replicates each. The 2 groups are 2 different rat strains: BN and LOU. Samples were prepared only from abdominal aortae (tissue).
Project description:characterization of fibrinogen expression in the kidney, excretion in the urine following kidney damage and evaluating the therapeutic potential of fibrinogen in acute kidney injury. Total RNA was isolated of renal cortex and medulla from rats subjected to 20 min of bilateral ischemia followed by 6, 24 120, hr of reperfusion compared to sham rats.
Project description:Stress leads to important adaptive physiological responses including release of catecholamine from the adrenal medulla. Repeated or prolonged stess increses the propensity for many disorders including cardiovascular disease and neuropsychiatric disorders. The susceptibility to stress is determined by a number of factors including prior experience with stress. It has been found that while there is adaptation to prolonged cold stres; it leads to sensitization when cold stressed animals are exposed to a different (novel) stressor. Our study aims to determine the mechanis of this adaptatio and sensitization. We will determine teh gene expression patterns in rat adrenal medulla in response to severa times of cold stress. We will also determine the changes in gene expresion with single immobilization stress in adrenal medulla of rat with an dwithout preexposure to cold stress to investigate the mechanism of sensitizatio in cold adapted animals. We hypothesize that during the course of cold stess there are alterations in gene expression of several neurotransmitter related genes and transcription factors. In expression of several trascription factors, such as Fra-2 which lead to an exaggerated response to teh novel stresor. Rats were exposed to cold stress (4 degree C) for 1, 7, or 28 days. A parallel group was kept at room temperature (unstressed). Unstressed or rats preexposed to 28 days cold were immobilized for 2 hrs and killed by decapitation. The adrenal medullae, separatedly from right and left side, have been dissected and individually frozen at - 70 degree C. We will pool samples from 4 rats per treatment to control for variability. Keywords: dose response
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE28283: Renal cortex microRNA expression differences between hypertensive and normotensive patients GSE28344: Renal medulla microRNA expression differences between hypertensive and normotensive patients GSE28345: Renal cortex expression differences between hypertensive and normotensive patients GSE28360: Renal medulla expression differences between hypertensive and normotensive patients Refer to individual Series
Project description:Puberty unmasks or accelerates nephropathies, including the nephropathy of diabetes mellitus (DM). A number of cellular systems implicated in the kidney disease of DM interweave, forming an interdependent functional web. We performed focused microarray analysis to test the hypothesis that one or more genes in the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) signaling system would be differentially regulated in male rats depending on the age of onset of DM. Experiment Overall Design: Male rat littermates began the 6-week-protocol at 4 or 14 weeks of age with injection of streptozocin, 65 mg/kg iv, or equal volume of vehicle. 3 days later insulin palmitate or palmitate vehicle pellets were implanted once hyperglycemia was confirmed. Rats received ad lib food and water for 6 weeks and maintained blood glucose levels 350-350 mg/dl in diabetic groups. Kidneys were removed under isoflurane anesthesia. The cortex was rapidly dissected from the medulla and snap-frozen. Cortex was stored at -80 until all rats had completed the protocol. RNA was isolated from renal cortex and the transcriptome analyzed using gene chips with more than 30,000 transcripts. Age-specific effects of DM were demonstrated for 1,760 transcripts. Analysis then focused on 89 genes involved in the TGF-β signaling pathway.
Project description:Serum and glucocorticoid-induced kinase 1 (SGK1) activates the epithselial sodium channel (eNaC) in tubules. We examined renal SGK1 abundance in salt-adaptation and in salt-sensitive hypertension. Sprague-Dawley and Dahl salt-sensitive rats were placed on either 8% or 0.3% NaCl diets for 10 days. Plasma aldosterone levels were approximately 2.5-fold greater on 0.3% versus 8% NaCl diets in both rat strains. Both serum and glucocorticoid-induced kinase 1 transcript and protein abundance were less (P<0.01) in Sprague-Dawley rats and greater (P<0.01) in Dahl salt-sensitive rats on 8% versus 0.3% NaCl diets. The cDNA sequences of serum and glucocorticoid-induced kinase 1 in both strains of rat were the same. The present results provide evidence that the abundance of serum and glucocorticoid-induced kinase 1 in rat kidney may play a role in salt adaptation and the pathogenesis of hypertension and suggests that aldosterone is not the primary inducer of SGK1 in the Sprague-Dawley rat.