Whole genome microRNA expression profiling during C. elegans dietary restriction
ABSTRACT: In order to get an insight into the complex interplay of miRNAs in dietary restriction, we profiled the small RNA polulation of wild-type and eat-2(ad1116) worms on Day 1 and Day 8 of adulthood by Next Generation sequencing. We compared the normalized expression of wild-type vs eat-2(ad1116) on either day 1 or day 8 and found that most of the miRNAs were distinctly upregulated in eat-2(ad1116) on day 1. We performed Next Generation sequencing to compare miRNA profiles of wild-type and eat-2(ad1116) at Day 1 and Day 8
Project description:In order to get an insight into the complex interplay of miRNAs in insulin signaling, we profiled the small RNA polulation of daf-2(e1370) worms at young adult stage by Next Generation sequencing. We performed Next Generation sequencing to compare miRNA profiles of wild-type and long-lived daf-2(e1370) mutant at young adult stage
Project description:RNA-seq of C.elegans strain N2 (wt) with and without sfa-1 RNAi at adult day 3 and day 15, C. elegans strain DA1116 (eat-2(ad1116)) with and without sfa-1 RNAi at adult day 3, day 15, and day 27, C. elegans strain SS104 (glp-4(bn2)) with and without hrp-2 RNAi at adult day 1, and HeLa cells with and without SF1 siRNA.
Project description:Using Next-generation sequencing (NGS) to get the retinal transcriptome profiles (RNA-seq) for understanding gene regulations during retina development Overall design: Retinal mRNA profiles from embryo day 16.5 to postnatal day 28 wild type (WT) mice were generated by NGS sequencing
Project description:Dietary restriction (DR) extends lifespan in a wide variety of species, yet the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Here we show that the Caenorhabditis elegans HNF4α-related nuclear hormone receptor NHR-62 is required for metabolic and physiologic responses associated with DR-induced longevity. nhr-62 mediates the longevity of eat-2 mutants, a genetic mimetic of dietary restriction, and blunts the longevity response of DR induced by bacterial food dilution at low nutrient levels. Metabolic changes associated with DR, including decreased Oil Red O staining, decreased triglyceride levels, and increased autophagy are partly reversed by mutation of nhr-62. Additionally, the DR fatty acid profile is altered in nhr-62mutants. Expression profiles reveal that several hundred genes induced by DR depend on the activity of NHR-62, including a putative lipase required for the DR response. This study provides critical evidence of nuclear hormone receptor regulation of the DR longevity response, suggesting hormonal and metabolic control of life span. Young adult worms before bearing eggs inside were collected. N2 serves as the control of wild type. 3 biological replicates included in this experiment.
Project description:Chromatin modifiers regulate lifespan in several organisms, raising the question of whether changes in chromatin states in the parental generation could be incompletely reprogrammed in the next generation and thereby affect the lifespan of descendents. The histone H3 lysine 4 trimethylation (H3K4me3) complex composed of ASH-2, WDR-5, and the histone methyltransferase SET-2 regulates C. elegans lifespan. Here we show that deficiencies in the H3K4me3 chromatin modifiers ASH-2, WDR-5, or SET-2 in the parental generation extend the lifespan of descendents up until the third generation. The transgenerational inheritance of lifespan extension by members of the ASH-2 complex is dependent on the H3K4me3 demethylase RBR-2, and requires the presence of a functioning germline in the descendents. Transgenerational inheritance of lifespan is specific for the H3K4me3 methylation complex and is associated with epigenetic changes in gene expression. Thus, manipulation of specific chromatin modifiers only in parents can induce an epigenetic memory of longevity in descendents. There are 35 samples in total. We found that genetically WT descendents from mutants of the H3K4me3 modifying complex had extended longevity up until the F4 generation. Their lifespan returned to WT levels in the F5 generation. We performed microarrays to examine what gene expression differences there were between N2(WT) worms, +/+ (from wdr-5 mutant) worms, and wdr-5/wdr-5 in the F4 and the F5 generation. We analyzed L3 samples from the first and second days of egg laying in triplicate each. Samples consist of ~1000 worms each.
Project description:We used microarray analysis to further our understanding of the mode of action of the well know caloric restriction mimetic rapamycin and the compound Allantoin first studied in the context of aging in this study. His work helps build on our understanding of potential caloric restriction mimetics predicted from our bioinformatic aproach of quering the Connectivity Map, a database of drug-induced gene expression profiles, using the transcriptional profile of CR to identify drugs that induce a similar or opposite gene expression profile. Wild type worms of eat-2 mutants (a model of caloric restriction) were treated with the compounds of study with 2% DMSO or DMSO alone to serve as controls. All samples were peformed in triplicate.
Project description:FASTQ Sequencing files of 5 healthy pancreas tissues and 6 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) tissues. Analysis of data is presented in the manuscript: Next generation sequencing reveals novel differentially regulated mRNAs, lncRNAs, miRNAs, sdRNAs and a piRNA in pancreatic cancer in BMC Molecular Cancer.
Project description:Purpose: Next-generation sequencing (NGS) has revolutionized systems-based analysis of cellular pathways. The goals of this study are to compare transcriptome profiling (RNA-seq) of intestinal progenitor cells in Drosophila wild type and Sc overexpressed midgut. Methods: mRNA profiles of intestinal progenitor cells isolated from 2-day-old wild-type (Ctrl) and Sc overexpressed(ScOE) Drosophila midgut were generated by deep sequencing using Illumina HiSeq 4000. Results: Overall design: mRNA profiles of intestinal progenitor cells isolated from 2-day-old wild-type (Ctrl) and Sc overexpressed(ScOE) Drosophila midgut were generated by deep sequencing using Illumina HiSeq 4000.