Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

53

Transcriptome and translatome profiling of CPX 90m effects in neuroblastoma cells CHP134


ABSTRACT: Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most frequent extracranial solid tumour of childhood. Clinical courses are highly variable, ranging from spontaneous regression/maturation to rapid progression despite intensive multimodal therapy. The estimation of 5-year event free survival in high-risk patients of only about 40 % stresses an importance of novel therapeutic strategies. A number of iron chelators have demonstrated marked in vitro and in vivo anti-tumor activity and are currently being developed as novel anti-cancer agents. Therefore, the potential antitumor effect of iron chelators in NB cancer was investigated. Among the compounds tested, ciclopirox olamine (CPX) was shown to be one of the most effective intracellular iron chelators in NB cells. To unveil the molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of CPX on viability of NB cells, microarray analysis was performed in CHP134 control cells and cells treated with 5 µM CPX for 90 minutes. Inclusion of both total RNA (reflecting transcriptional status of the cells) and polysomal RNA (approximating the proteomic representation of the cells) provided us with a deeper understanding of changes in the cells upon CPX treatment. Keywords: ciclopirox olamine, iron chelator, neuroblastoma, translatome profiling, transcriptome profiling. Keywords: ciclopirox olamine, iron chelator, neuroblastoma, translatome profiling, transcriptome profiling, polysomal profiling, polysomal RNA, translational control, translational profiling, polysome profiling Microarray analysis was performed to enable a comprehensive view of the changes in the transcriptional and translational status of the cells in response to the treatment with an iron chelator CPX. Polysomal RNA and total RNA were isolated from vehicle-treated CHP134 cells and CHP134 cells treated with 5 µM CPX for 90 minutes. Each condition is represented by three biological replicates, i.e. the experiment was repeated starting each time from cells seeding yielding an independent RNA sample. In total, 12 samples corresponding to 4 conditions were subjected to microarray analysis.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Toma Tebaldi   Valentina Greco  Valentina Adami  Viktoryia Sidarovich  Alessandro Quattrone 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-60675 | ArrayExpress | 2015-02-04

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE60675PRJNA259226

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications

Translational downregulation of HSP90 expression by iron chelators in neuroblastoma cells.

Sidarovich Viktoryia V   Adami Valentina V   Gatto Pamela P   Greco Valentina V   Tebaldi Toma T   Tonini Gian Paolo GP   Quattrone Alessandro A  

Molecular pharmacology 20150106 3


Iron is an essential cellular nutrient, being a critical cofactor of several proteins involved in cell growth and replication. Compared with normal cells, neoplastic cells have been shown to require a greater amount of iron, thus laying the basis for the promising anticancer activity of iron chelators. In this work, we evaluated the effects of molecules with iron chelation activity on neuroblastoma (NB) cell lines. Of the 17 iron chelators tested, six reduced cell viability of two NB cell lines  ...[more]

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