RNA-Seq analysis comparing p53-null versus ΔNp63Δ/Δ;p53-null or ΔNp73Δ/Δ;p53-null thymic lymphoma tumors
ABSTRACT: We performed an RNA-Seq analysis comparing thymic lymphoma tissues from the p53-null(n=2) and ΔNp63Δ/Δ;p53-/- (n=3) or ΔNp73Δ/Δ;p53-/-(n=3). Mice at 10 weeks of age were injected with either Ad-mCherry or Ad-CRE-mCherry to delete ΔNp63/ΔNp73 in the thymic lmyphomas. We aimed to test by deleting the DNp63/DNp73 in these p53-deficient tumors will mediate tumor regression and analyze the expression profile of the genes Examination of thymic lymphoma tissues in 3 different genotypes (p53-/- vs ΔNp63Δ/Δ;p53-/- or ΔNp73Δ/Δ;p53-/-)
Project description:We performed a smallRNA-Seq analysis comparing thymic lymphoma tissues from the p53-null (n=4) and ΔNp63Δ/Δ;p53-/- (n=3). Mice at 10 weeks of age were injected with either Ad-mCherry or Ad-CRE-mCherry to delete ΔNp63 in the thymic lmyphomas. We aimed to test by deleting the ΔNp63 in these p53-deficient tumors will mediate tumor regression and analyze the expression profile of the small RNAs Overall design: Examination of thymic lymphoma tissues in 2 different genotypes (p53-/- vs ΔNp63Δ/Δ;p53-/-)
Project description:comparative genome hybridisation of Hdac1/2 cKO lymphomas and matched normal tissue Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are epigenetic erasers of lysine-acetyl marks. Inhibition of HDACs using small molecule inhibitors (HDACi) is a potential strategy in the treatment of various diseases and is approved for treating hematological malignancies. Harnessing the therapeutic potential of HDACi requires knowledge of HDAC-function in vivo. Here, we generated a thymocyte-specific gradient of HDAC-activity using compound conditional knockout mice for Hdac1 and Hdac2. Unexpectedly, gradual loss of HDAC-activity engendered a dosage dependent accumulation of immature thymocytes and correlated with the incidence and latency of monoclonal lymphoblastic thymic lymphomas. Strikingly, complete ablation of Hdac1 and Hdac2 abrogated lymphomagenesis due to a block in early thymic development. Genomic, biochemical and functional analyses of pre-leukemic thymocytes and tumors revealed a critical role for Hdac1/Hdac2-governed HDAC-activity in regulating a p53-dependent barrier to constrain Myc-overexpressing thymocytes from progressing into lymphomas by regulating Myc-collaborating genes. One Myc-collaborating and p53-suppressing gene, Jdp2, was derepressed in an Hdac1/2-dependent manner and critical for the survival of Jdp2-overexpressing lymphoma cells. Although reduced HDAC-activity facilitates oncogenic transformation in normal cells, resulting tumor cells remain highly dependent on HDAC-activity, indicating that a critical level of Hdac1 and Hdac2 governed HDAC-activity is required for tumor maintenance. genomic DNA from LckCre+;Hdac1/2 cKO lymphomas and matched normal genomic DNA was hybridized onto a Nimblegen whole genome array
Project description:Expression profiling of thymic lymphomas derived from HIF1a+/+, p53R270H/R270H; HIF1a+/-, p53R270H/R270H; and HIF1aKI/+, p53R270H/R270H mice. HIF1a and HIF2a share a high degree of sequence homology, but recent work has shown that the two a subunits can have contrasting and tissue-specific effects on tumor growth. To directly compare the role of each HIFa subunit in spontaneous tumorigenesis, we bred a mouse model of expanded HIF2a expression and Hif1a+/- mice to homozygotes for the R270H mutation in p53. Heterozygosity for Hif1a significantly reduced the incidence of thymic lymphomas observed in this model. Moreover, reduced Hif1a levels correlated with decreased stabilization of activated Notch1 and expression of the Notch target genes, Dtx1 and Nrarp. Keywords: genetic modification, disease state analysis Thymic lymphoma tissue was preserved at the time mice were sacrificed. 4-5 samples from each of 3 genotypes (HIF1a+/-, p53R270H/R270H, HIF1aKI/+; p53R270H/R270H; and HIF1a+/+, p53R270H/R270H) were then used for microarray analysis to identify differences in gene expression that could account for changes in tumor onset and incidence.
Project description:ATF6 is a key regulator of the unfolded protein response. Through use of zebrafish and cultured cells we demonstrate that ATF6 drives fatty liver disease by interaction with fatty acid synthase (FASN). Total small RNA from livers of 5 dpf larval zebrafish were collected: 2 batches of Tg(fabp10:nls-mCherry) control larvae, 2 batches of ethanol-treated Tg(fabp10:nls-mCherry) larvae, and 1 batch of Tg(fabp10:nAtf6-cherry; cmlc2:GFP). Each batch was purified for preparation of high-throughput sequencing libraries.
Project description:Alcoholic liver disease is a pathological condition caused by over-consumption of alcohol. Due to the high prevalence of morbidity and mortality associated with this disease, there remains a need to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying the etiology to develop new treatments. Since peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-β/δ (PPARβ/δ) modulates ethanol-induced hepatic effects, the present study examined alterations in gene expression that may contribute to this disease. Overall design: Age-matched (8-10 weeks) male Pparβ/δ+/+ and Pparβ/δ-/- mice were fed ad libitum daily with either liquid control or ethanol diets for 16 weeks (N=10 per group). The ethanol diet contained 4% (v/v) ethanol.
Project description:We performed gene expression microarray comparing Osx-mCherry cells and Ocn-Topaz cells isolated from the OsxCre-mCherry;OcnCre-Topaz double transgenic mice by flow cytometry. In the OsxCre-mCherry;OcnCre-Topaz mouse model, Osx+ cells were labeled red, Ocn+ cells were green, and Osx+Ocn+ cells were yellow within the same animal. This system allows isolation of osteolineage subsets within the same animal by flow cytometry.
Project description:Glioblastoma (GBM) is a highly lethal brain tumor presenting as one of two subtypes with distinct clinical histories and molecular profiles. The primary GBM subtype presents acutely as high-grade disease that typically harbors EGFR, PTEN and Ink4a/Arf mutations, and the secondary GBM subtype evolves from the slow progression of low-grade disease that classically possesses PDGF and p53 events1. Here, we show that concomitant CNS-specific deletion of p53 and Pten in the mouse CNS generates a penetrant acute-onset high-grade malignant glioma phenotype with striking clinical, pathological and molecular resemblance to primary GBM in humans. This genetic observation prompted p53 and PTEN mutational analysis in human primary GBM, demonstrating unexpectedly frequent inactivating mutations of p53 as well the expected PTEN mutations. Integrated transcriptomic profling, in silico promoter analysis and functional studies of murine neural stem cells (NSCs) established that dual, but not singular, inactivation of p53 and Pten promotes an undifferentiated state with high renewal potential and drives elevated c-Myc levels and its associated signature. Functional studies validated increased c-Myc activity as a potent contributor to the impaired differentiation and enhanced renewal of p53-Pten null NSCs as well as tumor neurospheres (TNSs) derived from this model. c-Myc also serves to maintain robust tumorigenic potential of p53-Pten null TNSs. These murine modeling studies, together with confirmatory transcriptomic/promoter studies in human primary GBM, validate a pathogenetic role of a common tumor suppressor mutation profile in human primary GBM and establish c-Myc as a key target for cooperative actions of p53 and Pten in the regulation of normal and malignant stem/progenitor cell differentiation, self-renewal and tumorigenic potential. We used microarrays to detail the gene expression difference of the p53-null and p53/Pten-doubly null neural stem cell after differentiation . Experiment Overall Design: transcriptome comparisons of 2 independent p53-null with 3 p53/Pten double-null murine NSCs at 1 day post exposure to the differentiation inducer.
Project description:To characterize transfer of molecules from target cells into CAR T cells via trogocytosis we cultured NALM-6 leukemia cell line expressing a CD19-mCherry fusion protein with CAR T cells. NALM6-CD19-mCherry were loaded with heavy amino acid and cocultured with CAR T cells for 1 hour. CAR T cells were next sorted into two fractions, mCherry-positive (TrogPos), and -negative (TrogNeg). Proteomics analysis revealed the presence of targeted antigen (CD19) in the TrogPos only.
Project description:To characterize the molecular features of p53 signaling pathway, we generated the gene-expression profiles of p53-introduced U373MG cells by genome-wide cDNA microarrays Keywords: time course U373MG cells were infected with 20 MOI of Ad-p53 or Ad-LacZ. mRNA from infected cells were collected at 0h, 6h, 12h, 24h and 48h. we used the RNA mixtures from Ad-LacZ infected cells as a reference of cDNA microarray analysis.
Project description:Rodent models are widely used to study diabetes. Yet, significant gaps remain in our understanding of mouse islet physiology. We generated comprehensive transcriptomes of mouse delta, beta and alpha cells using two separate triple transgenic mouse models generated for this purpose. This enables systematic comparison across thousands of genes between the three major endocrine cell types of the islets of Langerhans whose principal hormones control nutrient homeostasis. FACS purified delta or alpha cells and beta cells from the same islets. Islets were isolated from triple transgenic offspring of a cross between mIns1-H2b-mCherry (Jax # 028589) and either Sst-Cre (delta) or Gcg-cre (alpha) cells and a floxed YFP allele to label delta or alpha cells, respectively. Islets from replicate groups of 10 to 12 triple transgenic animals for each group were pooled by sex to obtain sufficient material. Pooled islets were dissociated, sorted and collect in Trizol for RNA isolation and library construction.