Transcriptomics

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Transcription profiling of murine livers after resveratrol treatment of mice on a high-calorie diet


ABSTRACT: Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene) extends the lifespan of diverse species including yeast, worms, and flies. In these organisms, lifespan extension is dependent on Sir2, a conserved deacetylase proposed to underlie the beneficial effects of caloric restriction (CR). Here we show that resveratrol shifts the physiology of middle-aged mice on a high-calorie diet towards that of mice on a standard diet and significantly increases their survival. Resveratrol produces changes associated with longer lifespan including increased insulin sensitivity, reduced IGF-1, increased AMPK and PGC-1α activity, increased mitochondrial number, and improved motor function. Parametric analysis of gene set enrichment (PAGE) revealed that resveratrol opposed the effects of the high-calorie diet in 144 out of 153 significantly altered pathways. These data show that improving general health in mammals using small molecules is an attainable goal and point to new approaches for treating obesity-related disorders and diseases of ageing. Experiment Overall Design: One-year-old male C57BL/6 mice were maintained on AIN-93G standard diet (SD), AIN-93G modified to provide 60% of calories from fat (HC), or HC diet with the addition of 0.04% resveratrol (HCR). Total RNA from the livers of 5 replicate animals from the first 2 groups and 4 from the 3rd group were labeled and hybridized to Agilent 44K whole genome microarrays.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Kevin G. Becker  

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-6089 | ArrayExpress | 2008-06-21

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE6089GDS2413PRJNA97643

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene) extends the lifespan of diverse species including Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila melanogaster. In these organisms, lifespan extension is dependent on Sir2, a conserved deacetylase proposed to underlie the beneficial effects of caloric restriction. Here we show that resveratrol shifts the physiology of middle-aged mice on a high-calorie diet towards that of mice on a standard diet and significantly increases their survival.  ...[more]

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