Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

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Transcription profiling of human umbilical vein endothelial cells treated with Interferon-gamma (IFN-g), Borrelia burgdorferi or both IFN-g and Borrelia or untreated to investigate immune responses to Lyme disease


ABSTRACT: Borrelia burgdorferi, the agent of Lyme disease, promotes pro-inflammatory changes in endothelium that lead to the recruitment of leukocytes. The host immune response to infection results in increased levels of IFN-gamma in the serum and lesions of Lyme disease patients that correlate with greater severity of disease. Therefore, the effect of IFN-gamma on the gene expression profile of primary human endothelial cells exposed to B. burgdorferi was determined. B. burgdorferi and IFN-gamma synergistically augmented the expression of 34 genes, seven of which encode chemokines. Six of these (CCL7, CCL8, CX3CL1, CXCL9, CXCL10, and CXCL11) attract T lymphocytes, and one (CXCL2) is specific for neutrophils. Synergistic production of the attractants for T cells was confirmed at the protein level. IL-1beta, TNF-alpha, and LPS also cooperated with IFN-gamma to induce synergistic production of CXCL10 by endothelium, indicating that IFN-gamma potentiates inflammation in concert with a variety of mediators. An in vitro model of the blood vessel wall revealed that an increased number of human T lymphocytes traversed endothelium exposed to B. burgdorferi and IFN-gamma, as compared to unstimulated endothelial monolayers. In contrast, addition of IFN-gamma diminished the migration of neutrophils across B. burgdorferi-activated endothelium. IFN-gamma thus alters gene expression by endothelium exposed to B. burgdorferi in a manner that promotes recruitment of T cells and suppresses that of neutrophils. This modulation may facilitate the development of chronic inflammatory lesions in Lyme disease. Experiment Overall Design: Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) were stimulated with Interferon-gamma (IFN-g), Borrelia burgdorferi or both IFN-g and Borrelia or were left unstimulated. Affymetrix HGU133 plus 2.0 slides were used in duplicate for each condition.

INSTRUMENT(S): 418 [Affymetrix]

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Lance E. Palmer  

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-6092 | ArrayExpress | 2008-06-14

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE6092PRJNA97649

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications

IFN-gamma alters the response of Borrelia burgdorferi-activated endothelium to favor chronic inflammation.

Dame Tarah M TM   Orenzoff Barbara L BL   Palmer Lance E LE   Furie Martha B MB  

Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 20070101 2


Borrelia burgdorferi, the agent of Lyme disease, promotes proinflammatory changes in the endothelium that lead to the recruitment of leukocytes. The host immune response to infection results in increased levels of IFN-gamma in the serum and lesions of Lyme disease patients that correlate with greater severity of disease. Therefore, the effect of IFN-gamma on the gene expression profile of primary human endothelial cells exposed to B. burgdorferi was determined. B. burgdorferi and IFN-gamma syner  ...[more]

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