Genomics

Dataset Information

297

Resetting Transcription Factor Control Circuitry Towards Ground State Pluripotency In Human


ABSTRACT: Current human pluripotent stem cells lack the transcription factor circuitry that governs the ground state of mouse embryonic stem cells (ESC). Here we report that short-term expression of two components, NANOG and KLF2, is sufficient to ignite other elements of the network and reset the human pluripotent state. Inhibition of ERK and protein kinase C signalling sustains a transgene-independent rewired state. Reset cells self-renew continuously without ERK signalling, are phenotypically stable and karyotypically intact. They differentiate in vitro and form teratomas in vivo. Metabolism is reprogrammed in reset cells with activation of mitochondrial respiration as in ESC. DNA methylation is dramatically reduced and transcriptome state is globally realigned across multiple cell lines. Depletion of ground state transcription factors, TFCP2L1 or KLF4 has marginal impact on conventional human pluripotent stem cells, but collapses the reset state. These findings demonstrate feasibility of installing and propagating functional control circuitry for ground state pluripotency in human cells. DNA methylation analysis in Conventional and Reset human embryonic stem cells by whole genome bisulfite sequencing, in triplicate, using the Illumina platform

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Felix Krueger   Austin Smith  Gabriella Ficz  Yasuhiro Takashima  Wolf Reik 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-60945 | ArrayExpress | 2014-09-10

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE60945SRP045902PRJNA259876

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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