Transcriptomic characterizations associated with autopolyploidization of Chinese woad (Isatis indigotica Fort.)
ABSTRACT: The study was to obtain transcriptional data and examine gene expression of different ploidy based on RNA-Seq and bioinformatic analysis. Differentially expressed genes including both up- and down-regulated were received by pairwise contrasts of diploid, triploid and tetraploid. RNA from young plant leaves were isolated and gene expressions of different autoploidy via RNA-Seq and bioinformatic analysis were conducted
Project description:We report here the use of next-generation massively parallel sequencing technologies and de novo transcriptome assembly to gain insight into the wide range of transcriptome of two Hevea brasiliensis clones (RY8-79 and PR107). The output of sequenced data showed that more than 26 million sequence reads with average length of 90nt were generated in both clones. Totally 51829 unigenes (mean size = 640 bp) were assembled through transcriptome de novo assembly, which represent more than 16-fold of all the sequences of Hevea brasiliensis deposited in the GenBank. Assembled sequences were annotated with gene descriptions, gene ontology and clusters of orthologous group terms. Base on limit rule with FDR≤0.001 and |log2 Ratio|≥1, 6726 different expression unigenes (3018 up and 3708 down) were detected as PR107 versus RY8-79. Functional analysis showed mass of categories were reprogrammed between two clones, which relate latex generation and expelling difference between them. As a comparative transcriptome analysis, the results obtained here will greatly expand our understanding of physiological differences among varieties in molecular level and will contribute t The transcriptome of latex in Hevea brasiliensis
Project description:We first report the use of next-generation massively parallel sequencing technologies and de novo transcriptome assembly to gain insight into the wide range of transcriptome of Hevea brasiliensis. The output of sequenced data showed that more than 12 million sequence reads with average length of 90nt were generated. Totally 48,768 unigenes (mean size = 488 bp) were assembled through transcriptome de novo assembly, which represent more than 3-fold of all the sequences of Hevea brasiliensis deposited in the GenBank. Assembled sequences were annotated with gene descriptions, gene ontology and clusters of orthologous group terms. Total 37,373 unigenes were successfully annotated and more than 10% of unigenes were aligned to known proteins of Euphorbiaceae. The unigenes contain nearly complete collection of known rubber-synthesis-related genes. Our data provides the most comprehensive sequence resource available for study rubber tree and demonstrates the availability of Illumina sequencing and de novo transcriptome assembly in a species lacking genome information. The transcriptome of latex and leaf in Hevea brasiliensis
Project description:We report the application of single-molecule-based sequencing technology for high-throughput profiling of nervous system in locust Locusta migratoria manilensis. By obtaining over 57,000,000 bases of sequence from central nervous system, we generated 101836 contigs and 69440 scaffolds. We finally get 41179 unigene with an average length of 570bp. There are 5519 unigenes beyond the length of 1000bp. Using BLAST searches of the NR, NT, Swiss-Prot, KEGG and COG databases we are able to identify 13552 unigene (E<0.0001). Comprehensive assessment of all the unigenes by comparing with the studied genes of other insects nervous system reveals that our unigene are broadly representative of the transcriptome of insect nervous system. Our data provides the most large-scale EST-project for locust nervous system, which greatly benefits the exploring of this insect. In addition, we identify a large number of novel nervous genes which can be used in systematic studies of locust and other insects. Examination of 1 sample
Project description:Spatial regulation analysis across multiple condition comparisons revealed distinct patterns of gene expression. We combined these transcriptome data with spatial CNS data to produce the spatio-transcripto map of the ganglia chain. The Hirudo Medicinalis set of transcripts generated here provides a resource for gene discovery and gene regulation within the nervous system. In addition, the strategy for de novo assembly of transcriptome data presented here may be helpful in other similar transcriptome studies. Examination of 3 different ganglia in 3 different leeches.
Project description:Mammals differ more than hundred fold in maximum lifespan, which can be altered in either direction during evolution, but the molecular basis for natural changes in longevity is not understood. Divergent evolution of mammals also led to extensive changes in gene expression within and between lineages. To understand the relationship between lifespan and variation in gene expression, we carried out RNA-seq-based gene expression analyses of liver, kidney and brain of 33 diverse species of mammals. Our analysis uncovered parallel evolution of gene expression and lifespan, as well as the associated life history traits, and identified the processes and pathways involved. These findings provide direct insights into how Nature reversibly adjusts lifespan and other traits during adaptive radiation of lineages. RNA-seq gene expression profiling in normal liver, kidney and brain of 33 mammalian species.
Project description:Here we performed a transcriptomic study on complete symptom development process of CMV-infected Nicotiana tabacum using Solexa/Illumina's high-throughput digital gene expression (DGE) system. 12 DGE libraries (from six virus-infected samples and six corresponding mock-inoculated samples) were constructed, and the gene expression variations between the virus-infected sample and the mock-inoculated sample in each symptom stage were compared. Thousands of differentially expressed genes were obtained by the comparison, and KEGG pathway analysis of these genes suggested that many biological processes (such as phtosynthesis, pigment metabolism and plant-pathogen interaction) were related to the symptom development. The authenticity of the DGE data was further confirmed by analyzing real-time RT-PCR using several random-selected genes. We sequenced a cDNA library constructed from mixture of total RNA from six virus-infected samples and six mock-inoculated samples to get gene information for tobacco leaves in different symptom stages, including vein clearing, mosaic, severe chlorosis, partial recovery, total recovery and re-mosaic, and 95,916 Unigenes were obtained Tobacco leaves were inoculated by CMV-infected leaf homogenate and healthy leaf homogenate, respectivley. Six time points with different symptom stage were selected, and one virus-infect sample and one mock-inoculated sample were collected at each time. In order to average out variation of different plants, five leaves from five different plants were mixed to prepare every RNA sample. Twelve individual tag libraries of samples (six infected samples and six mock-inoculated samples) were constructed in parallel. For the gene expression analysis, the twelve samples were grouped into six groups, and each group contained a virus-infected sample and a mock-inoculated sample collected at the same time. In each group, the DGE data of virus-infected sample were compared to that of mock-inoculated sample to obtain the gene expression variations. Illumina sequencing of transcripts from virus-infected and mock-inoculated samples to get gene information for tobacco leaves in different symptom stages. In order to get more gene information, the systemically infected leaves and mock-inoculated leaves were harvested at six time points and five leaves from five different plants were collected at each time point. The RNA-Seq analysis provided gene information for mock-inoculated and virus-infected tobacco leaves in different symptom stages.
Project description:Oilseed mustard, Brassica juncea, exhibits high levels of genetic variability for salinity tolerance. To obtain the global view of transcriptome and investigate the molecular basis of salinity tolerance in a salt-tolerant variety CS52 of B. juncea, we performed transcriptome sequencing of control and salt-stressed seedlings. De novo assembly of 184 million high-quality paired-end reads yielded 42,327 unique transcripts longer than 300 bp with RPKM ≥1. When compared with non-redundant proteins, we could annotate 67% unigenes obtained in our study. Based on the mapping to expressed sequence tags (ESTs), 52.6% unigenes are novel compared to EST data available for B. juncea and constituent genomes. Differential expression analysis revealed altered expression of 1469 unigenes in response to salinity stress. Of these, 587, mainly associated with ROS detoxification, sulfur assimilation and calcium signaling pathways, are up regulated. Notable of these is RSA1 (SHORT ROOT IN SALT MEDIUM 1) INTERACTING TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR 1 (RITF1) homolog up regulated by >100 folds in response to stress. RITF1, encoding a bHLH transcription factor, is a positive regulator of SOS1 and several key genes involved in scavenging of salt stress-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS). Further, we performed comparative expression profiling of key genes implicated in ion homeostasis and sequestration (SOS1, SOS2, SOS3, ENH1, NHX1), calcium sensing pathway (RITF1) and ROS detoxification in contrasting cultivars, B. juncea and B. nigra, for salinity tolerance. The results revealed higher transcript accumulation of most of these genes in B. juncea var. CS52 compared to salt-sensitive cultivar even under normal growth conditions. Together, these findings reveal key pathways and signaling components that contribute to salinity tolerance in B. juncea var. CS52. We report transcriptome sequencing of two-weeks-old seedlings of B. juncea var. CS52 under normal growth conditions (CTRL) and in response to salinity stress (SS) using Illumina paired-end sequencing
Project description:In this study, we have performed Illumina based RNA sequencing to characterize the transcriptome and expression profiles of genes expressed in 5 tissues of P. japonicus. RNA sequencing and de novo transcriptome assembly for P. japonicus resulted in a total of 135,235 unigenes with 78,794 (58.24%) unigenes being annotated using NCBI-nr database. Transcriptome profile and GO enrichment analysis for 5 tissues of P. japonicus showed that although each tissue was characterized by several unique unigenes with leaf showing the most unique unigenes among all, overall processes were evenly conserved across all tissues. Examination of 5 tissues of Panax japonicus