Effects of the insulin degrading enzyme silencing on the transcriptome of HepG2 cells
ABSTRACT: Insulin degrading enzyme (IDE) is a major enzyme responsible for insulin degradation in the liver. The modulation of insulin degrading enzyme activity is hypothesized to be a link between T2DM and liver cancer. Results provide insight into role of IDE in proliferation and other cell functions. HepG2 cells were transfected with 96nM siRNA for IDE or AllStars Negative Control siRNA (Qiagen) using Lipofectamine 2000 (Invitrogen). 16 h after transfection, cells were treated with 10 nM insulin (Sigma Aldrich) or vehicle for 24 h in serum starvation condition. Total RNA was extracted. For each of the 4 conditions, 3 biological replicates were included.
Project description:A possible functional role of VCP/p97 during differentiation of U937 cells was addressed by siRNA-targeting of VCP/p97. Functional changes in VCP-siRNA-transfected cells following phorbol ester-induced monocytic differentiation have been examind by DNA microarray analysis. Cells transfected with the non-targeting AllStars negative siRNA (Qiagen) served as a reference. Computed
Project description:Unlike short interfering RNAs (siRNAs), which are commonly designed to repress a single messenger RNA (mRNA) target through perfect base pairing, microRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous small RNAs that have evolved to concurrently repress multiple mRNA targets through imperfect complementarity. MicroRNA target recognition is primarily determined by pairing of the miRNA seed sequence (nucleotides 2–8) to complementary match sites in each mRNA target. Whereas siRNA technology is well established for single target knockdown, the design of artificial miRNAs for multi-target repression is largely unexplored. We designed and functionally analysed over 200 artificial miRNAs for simultaneous repression of pyruvate carboxylase and glutaminase by selecting all seed matches shared by their 3′ untranslated regions. Although we identified multiple miRNAs that repressed endogenous protein expression of both genes, seed-based artificial miRNA design was highly inefficient, as the majority of miRNAs with even perfect seed matches did not repress either target. Moreover, commonly used target prediction programs did not substantially discriminate effective artificial miRNAs from ineffective ones, indicating that current algorithms do not fully capture the features important for artificial miRNA targeting and are not yet sufficient for designing artificial miRNAs. Our analysis suggests that additional factors are strong determinants of the efficacy of miRNA-mediated target repression and remain to be discovered. 293T cells were transiently transfected with artificial miRNAs or non-targeting control (Allstars siRNA, Qiagen). Three replicate transfections were performed for each miRNA or control. Total RNA was extracted 48 hours after transfection.
Project description:It has been demonstrated that Ring finger protein 43 (RNF43) is overexpressed in colorectal cancer and mediates cancer cell proliferation. We found that RNF43 was frequently overexpressed in HCC, and knockdown of RNF43 could induce apoptosis and inhibit proliferation, invasion, colony formation and xenograft growth of HCC cells. Suggesting that RNF43 is involved in tumorigenesis and progression of HCC. We used microarrays to profile gene expression patterns before and after RNF43 knockdown, and identified differentially expressed genes during this process. HepG2 cells were transfected with RNF43 siRNA or negative control siRNA in triplicate. Forty-eight hours after transfection, total RNA was extracted,labeled and hybridized to HG-U133 Plus 2.0 arrays.
Project description:This dataset is provided in support of the identification of a collagen-degrading enzyme secreted by the fungus P. destructans. P. destructans is responsible for the disease white nose syndrome, which has infected and killed millions of North American bats. Our manuscript, titled "Destructin-1 is a Collagen-Degrading Endopeptidase Secreted by P. destructans, the Causative Agent of White-Nose Syndrome", is under review, and the data set will be released upon acceptance.
Project description:Investigation of mRNA targets of the human cytomegalovirus miRNA UL22A-5p One 4-plex chip was hybridized with cDNA originating from either total RNA or from AGO2-associated RNA (i.e. RISC-associated RNA) from fibroblasts transfected 48 hours earlier with hcmv-miR-UL22A-5p mimic or with a negative control siRNA
Project description:We profiled PPARg dependent gene expression changes during differntiation of 3T3L1 cell using PPARg siRNA 3T3-L1 (Pre-adipocyte) cell line was induced to differentiate using standard adipocyte differentiation media (IBMX, Dex and Insulin) 48hrs post-confluency. RNA was harvested at day -2 (confluent fibroblasts), 48hrs post-induction with IBMX, DEX and Insulin (day=0) and for each subsequent day after rosiglitazone treatment. Illumina beadchip microarrays were used to determine expression profiles of genes differentially regulated in cells transfected with either siRNA targeting PPARgamma or a non-targeting control siRNA. 3T3L1 cell were induced to differentiate into adipocytes using IBMX, DEX and Insulin. RNA from cell treated with PPARg-specific siRNA and non-specific siRNA was isolated at different timepoints. Illumina MouseRef-8 v1.1 Bead chips were used for expression profiling
Project description:In order to investigate the importance of FIP2 on bacterially induced gene regulation, we performed a targeted transcriptome profiling for immunologically relevant genes on RNA samples isolated from E. coli stimulated human macrophages from 7 donor treated with non-targeting and FIP2 silencing siRNA. Macrophages were stimulated for up to 4h with E.coli particles, RNA isolated and analyzed using Nanostring HS_Immunology_v2_C2328 probe set. The data was analyzed in R/Bioconductor 3.4.1/3.5 with limma 3.32.5
Project description:Knockdown of the receptor tyrosine kinase EphB4 using siRNA in LNCaP prostate cancer cells compared to negative siRNA controls In this study there were four replicates of EphB4 siRNA treated samples and three replicates of negative non-silencing siRNA controls
Project description:Basic helix loop helix enhancer 40 (Bhlhe40) is a transcription factor expressed in rodent hippocampus, however, its role in neuronal function is not well understood. Here, we used Bhlhe40 null mice on a congenic C57Bl6/J background (Bhlhe40 KO) to investigate the impact of Bhlhe40 on neuronal excitability and synaptic plasticity. A whole genome expression array predicted that Bhlhe40 KO mice have up-regulated insulin-related pathways and down-regulated neuronal signaling-related pathways in the hippocampus. We validated that insulin degrading enzyme mRNA (Ide) and IDE protein are significantly downregulated in Bhlhe40 KO hippocampi. No significant difference was observed in hippocampal insulin levels. In hippocampal slices, we found CA1 neurons have increased miniature excitatory post-synaptic current (mEPSC) amplitude and decreased inhibitory post-synaptic current (IPSC) amplitude, indicating hyper-excitability in CA1 neurons in Bhlhe40 KO mice. At CA1 synapses, we found a reduction in long term potentiation (LTP) and long term depression (LTD), indicating an impairment in hippocampal synaptic plasticity in Bhlhe40 KO hippocampal slices. Bhlhe40 KO mice displayed no difference in seizure response to the convulsant kainic acid (KA) relative to controls. We found that while Bhlhe40 KO mice have decreased exploratory behavior they do not display alterations in spatial learning and memory. Together this suggests that Bhlhe40 plays a role in modulating neuronal excitability and synaptic plasticity ex vivo, however, Bhlhe40 alone does not play a significant role in seizure susceptibility and learning and memory in vivo. In addition, based on the reduction in IDE protein levels in these mice, there may be dysregulation of other known IDE substrates, namely insulin growth factor (Igf)-1, Igf-2, and Amyloid beta (Aβ). Overall design: Hippocampus, cortex, and cerebellum was examined from naïve 3-5 month old WT (n=4/tissue) and Bhlhe40 KO (n=4/tissue) mice.