Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

295

Islet-specific microRNA changes driven by nutrient shift trigger postnatal beta-cell maturation - intact islet mRNAs


ABSTRACT: We found that in rodents, postnatal beta-cell maturation is associated with changes in the expression of several islet microRNAs and discovered that these modifications are driven by changes in the nutrient supply. Mimicking the microRNA changes observed during β-cell maturation in newborn rat islet cells was sufficient to promote glucose-induced insulin release and to achieve a mature β-cell secretory phenotype. Moreover, the modifications in the level of some of these microRNAs reduced the proliferation of newborn β-cells, suggesting that they contribute to the limited proliferative capacity of adult β-cells. These findings demonstrated that miRNAs contribute to postnatal beta-cell maturation and development. Their role is likely to promote beta-cell adaptation to fule supply and to maintain glucose homeostasis by regulating insulin release and proliferation. Islets from 10-day-old rats (P10) (n=3) or 3-month-old male rat (n=3) were taken. Total RNA was extracted and mRNA profiling via Illumina single-end sequencing of mRNA-seq libraries was performed.

ORGANISM(S): Rattus norvegicus  

SUBMITTER: Romano Regazzi   Scot J Matkovich  Cecile Jacovetti 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-61179 | ArrayExpress | 2014-09-06

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): SRP046248GSE61179PRJNA260413

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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