Project description:Large-scale gene expression profiling of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients could provide a molecular description that reflects the contribution of diverse cellular responses associated with this disease. The aim of our study is to identify peripheral blood gene expression profiles for RA patients, using Illumina technology, to gain insights into RA molecular mechanisms. The Illumina Human-6v2 Expression BeadChips were used for a complete genome-wide transcript profiling of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 18 RA patients and 15 Controls. Differential analysis per gene was performed with one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and P values were adjusted to control the False Discovery Rate (FDR<5%). Genes differentially expressed at significant level between patients and controls were analyzed using Gene Ontology (GO) in the PANTHER database to identify biological processes. A differentially expression of 339 Reference Sequence genes (238 down-regulated and 101 up-regulated) between the two groups was observed. We identified a remarkably elevated expression of a spectrum of genes involved in Immunity and Defense in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of RA patients compared to Controls. This result is confirmed by GO analysis, suggesting that these genes could be activated systemically in RA. No significant down-regulated ontology groups were found. Microarrays data were validated by real time PCR in a set of nine genes showing a high degree of correlation. Our study highlighted several new genes that could contribute in the identification of innovative clinical biomarkers for diagnostic procedures and therapeutic intervention. Further studies on larger scale groups of patients should be performed with the same technology to replicate these results and to allow clinical stratification. 33 samples analyzed corresponding to 18 Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients and 15 Controls
Project description:To determine whether gene expression profiles from peripheral whole blood could be used to determine therapeutic outcome in a cohort of children with newly diagnosed polyarticular JIA. 19 samples were obtained from healthy childhood controls and 93 samples from patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. For patient samples, they were collected prior to treatment (month 0) or 4 months after treatment.
Project description:The objective of this study was to identify specific gene expression profiles able to predict the response of rheumatoid arthritis patients treated with methotrexate /abatacept (Aba). Thirty six RA patients were received Abatacept. The drug efficacy was evaluated with the DAS28 score after 6 months of treatment according to the EULAR response criteria. Among 36 Aba RA patients, 17 were responders and 19 were classified as no-responders. A blood sample was carried out in patients just before the first injection of treatment in PaxGene tubes. Two color experiments : patient(Cy5)/Control pool (Cy3).
Project description:We present a comparison of four reference-based mapping methods for mapping non-human primate data to a human reference sequence. We utilize TopHat2 and GSNAP for mapping to the human genome, and Bowtie2 and Stampy for mapping to the human genome and transcriptome for a total of six mapping approaches Comparison of reference-based mapping methods for 12 yellow baboons
Project description:The domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo) has been used as animal model for decades, largely because its susceptibility to infection with a large number of pathogens such as influenza virus, SARS Corona virus and Canine distemper virus. Despite its importance for biomedical research, little is known about the genome of the M. Furo. The number of reagents for molecular and immunological analysis is thus restricted. To circumvent this, we present here a parallel sequencing effort to produce an extensive EST dataset derived from a normalized ferret cDNA library made from mRNA from ferret blood, liver, lung, spleen and brain. We produced more than 500000 sequence reads that were assembled into over 15000 partial ferret transcripts. These ESTs were combined with the available ferret sequences in the GenBank to develop a ferret specific microarray platform. Using this array, we detected tissue specific expression patterns which were confirmed by quantitative real time PCR assays and comparison to orthologous transcription profiles of mouse and human. We also present a set of 41 ferret transcript with even transcription profile across the tested tissues, indicating their usefulness as housekeeping genes. This study paves way for development of additional reagents for analysis of the ferret model. Three biological replicates of blood, lung, spleen, liver and brain was hybridized to the ferret specific microarray.
Project description:Analysis of expression profile of peripheral blood from pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma patients RNA expression profile of peripheral blood from pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma patients Total RNA was isolated from peripheral blood. 36 patients with unresectable PDAC were recruited. The diagnosis of PDAC was based on clinical evaluation and imaging studies, which were histologically confirmed by surgery or imaging-guided biopsy. 14 gender, age, and habits matched healthy controls were also included. A total of 1000 ng of total RNA was processed using Illumina TotalPrep RNA Amplification Kit. Hybridization of human samples was performed on Illumina Human-HT12 Version 4.
Project description:Gene expression profiles of bipolar disorder (BD) patients were assessed during both a manic and a euthymic phase and compared both intra-individually, and with the gene expression profiles of controls. 11 BD patients were assessed in their manic as well as in their euthymic phase. Comparison of gene expression BD euthymic vs. controls, BD manic vs. controls, and intra-patient comparison BD euthymic vs. BD manic.
Project description:To characterize the diversity and taxonomic relative abundance of the gut microbiota in patients with never-treated, recent-onset psoriatic arthritis (PsA).
High-throughput 16S ribosomal RNA pyrosequencing was utilized to compare the community composition of gut microbiota in patients with PsA (n = 16), patients with psoriasis of the skin (n = 15), and healthy, matched control subjects (n = 17). Samples were further assessed for the presence and levels of fecal and serum secretory IgA (sIgA), proinflammatory proteins, and fatty acids.
The gut microbiota observed in patients with PsA and patients with skin psoriasis was less diverse when compared to that in healthy controls. This could be attributed to the reduced presence of several taxa. Samples from both patient groups showed a relative decrease in abundance of Coprococcus species, while samples from PsA patients were also characterized by a significant reduction in Akkermansia, Ruminococcus, and Pseudobutyrivibrio. Supernatants of fecal samples from PsA patients revealed an increase in sIgA levels and decrease in RANKL levels. Analysis of fatty acids revealed low fecal quantities of hexanoate and heptanoate in both patients with PsA and patients with psoriasis.
Patients with PsA and patients with skin psoriasis had a lower relative abundance of multiple intestinal bacteria. Although some genera were concomitantly decreased in both conditions, PsA samples had a lower abundance of reportedly beneficial taxa. This gut microbiota profile in PsA was similar to that previously described in patients with inflammatory bowel disease and was associated with changes in specific inflammatory proteins unique to this group, and distinct from that in patients with skin psoriasis and healthy controls. Thus, the role of the gut microbiome in the continuum of psoriasis–PsA pathogenesis and the associated immune response merits further study.
Research is published:
Project description:The F5 generation of a wild-caught population of zebrafish (Danio rerio) from Mymensingh, Bangladesh, were used in this study. Replicate experiments were carried out with adult male fish aged 9 months. Each group was maintained in a 50L tank at 27±1.5ºC and 12:12h dark:light photoperiod and fed bloodworms (Ocean Nutrition, Belgium) to satiety for one week. The experimental protocol involved fasting fish for 7 days and subsequent refeeding a single meal of bloodworms delivered over a 3h period, after which any uneaten food was removed from the tank. Seven fish were sampled at -156, -24, 0 (prior to the meal), 0.75, 3, 6, 7.5, 9, 11, 24, 36h and killed humanely by an overdose of ethyl 3-aminobenzoate methanesulfonate salt (MS-222). Six samples from the 0, 3, and 6h time-points were used in the microarray hybridization.
Project description:Full title: Expression data from whole blood gene expression analysis of stable and acute rejection pediatric kidney transplant patients Tissues are often made up of multiple cell-types. Blood, for example, contains many different cell-types, each with its own functional attributes and molecular signature. In humans, because of its accessibility and immune functionality, blood cells have been used as a source for RNA-based biomarkers for many diseases. Yet, the proportions of any given cell-type in the blood can vary markedly, even between normal individuals. This results in a significant loss of sensitivity in gene expression studies of blood cells and great difficulty in identifying the cellular source of any perturbations. Ideally, one would like to perform differential expression analysis between patient groups for each of the cell-types within a tissue but this is impractical and prohibitively expensive. This dataset is the validation dataset used to test the csSAM gene expression deconvolution algorithm as reported in the accompanying paper. Whole blood gene expression measurements for 24 pediatric renal transplant patients were analyzed on human specific HGU133V2.0 (+) whole genome expression arrays. Blood drawn using PaxGene Blood RNA Tubes (PreAnalytiX, Qiagen).