Transcriptomics

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B-Catenin Mediates the Development of Behavioral Resilience [smallRNA-Seq]


ABSTRACT: Here we show that β-catenin mediates pro-resilient and anxiolytic effects in mice in the nucleus accumbens (NAc), a key brain reward region, an effect that is mediated by β-catenin signaling in D2-type medium spiny neurons (MSNs) specifically. Conversely, blocking β-catenin function in NAc promotes susceptibility to chronic stress, and we show evidence of robust suppression of β-catenin transcriptional activity in the NAc both of depressed humans examined postmortem as well as of mice that display a susceptible phenotype after chronic stress, with a converse upregulation in mice that are stress resilient. Using ChIP-seq, we demonstrate a global, genome-wide enrichment of β-catenin in the NAc of resilient mice, and specifically identify Dicer1—important in small RNA (e.g., microRNA [miRNA]) biogenesis—as a critical β-catenin target gene involved in mediating a resilient phenotype. Small RNA-seq after excising β-catenin from the NAc in the context of chronic stress reveals dynamic β-catenin-dependent miRNA regulation associated with resilience. GFP_Control: 12 samples, GFP_Resilient: 12 samples, GFP_Susceptible: 4 samples; CRE_Control: 12 samples, CRE_Susceptible: 8 samples.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Ning-Yi SHAO   Li SHEN  Li Shen  Jian FENG  Eric NESTELER 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-61295 | ArrayExpress | 2014-11-13

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): SRP046989GSE61295PRJNA260682

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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β-catenin is a multi-functional protein that has an important role in the mature central nervous system; its dysfunction has been implicated in several neuropsychiatric disorders, including depression. Here we show that in mice β-catenin mediates pro-resilient and anxiolytic effects in the nucleus accumbens, a key brain reward region, an effect mediated by D2-type medium spiny neurons. Using genome-wide β-catenin enrichment mapping, we identify Dicer1-important in small RNA (for example, microRN  ...[more]

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