Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

3

Deletion of TIPARP increases sensitivity to dioxin-induced hepatosteatosis and lethality


ABSTRACT: The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a ligand activated transcription factor that mediates the toxic effects of the environmental contaminant, dioxin (2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin; TCDD). Dioxin causes a diverse range of toxic responses, including hepatic damage and lethal wasting syndrome; however, the mechanisms of dioxin-induced toxicity are still unknown. Here we show that the loss of TCDD-inducible poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (TIPARP; ARTD14), an ADP-ribosyltransferase and AHR repressor, increases sensitivity to dioxin-induced toxicity and lethality. Tiparp-/- mice treated with a single injection of 100 mg/kg dioxin display an accelerated lethal wasting syndrome with no Tiparp-/- mice surviving beyond day 5; all Tiparp+/+ mice survived up to 30 days post treatment. Tiparp-/- mice displayed dramatic increases in liver steatosis and hepatotoxicity. At the molecular level, TIPARP selectively ADP-ribosylates AHR, but not AHR nuclear translocator (ARNT) and the Tiparp-dependent repression of AHR is reversed by the ADP-ribosylase and macrodomain containing protein MacroD1, but not MacroD2. These results describe previously unidentified roles for Tiparp, MacroD1, and ADP-ribosylation in AHR signaling, dioxin toxicity and lethality. 12 samples were analyzed. There were 4 treatment groups and each treatment group was done in triplicate. Gene expression changes were determine in hepatic RNA isolated from (1) corn oil treated C57BL/6;129Sv mice; (2) 30 ug/kg/bw 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin C57BL/6;129Sv mice; (3) corn oil treated C57BL/6;129Sv Tiparp-/- mice; and (4) 30 ug/kg/bw 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin C57BL/6;129Sv Tiparp-/- mice

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Jason Matthews   Debbie Bott  Yang Yang  Shaimaa Ahmed 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-61534 | ArrayExpress | 2015-05-14

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE61534PRJNA261417

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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