Expression data from cells overexpressing c19orf63 (HSS1) [U87]
ABSTRACT: U87 cell lines were stable transfected with C19ORF63 (Human hematopoietic peptide secreted-1 - HSS1). HSS1 is a truly novel protein defining a new class of secreted factors. U87 cell line overexpressing HSS1 greatly reduced their proliferation rate compared to mock-transfected cells. Microarray analysis was used to detail gene expression underlying the anti-proliferative and anti-tumorigenic effect of HSS1 in U87 cells. Exponentially growing U87 cells at growth curve day 5 were harvested for total RNA extraction and hybridization on Affimetrix microarrays. Three groups of samples were evaluated in triplicates: U87 wild-type, U87 -pcDNA3.1 mock-transfected, U87-pcDNA-HSS1. Cells were stable transfected with pcDNA3.1 empty vector or hHSS1. hHSS1-expressing cells and control cells were at confluence 40-80% when harvested. Trypan blue analysis of the number of viable cells showed a significant anti-proliferative effect in U87 cells expressing hHSS1 as compared to the control cells.
Project description:A172 cell lines were stable transfected with C19ORF63 (Human hematopoietic peptide secreted-1 - HSS1). HSS1 is a truly novel protein defining a new class of secreted factors. A172 cell line overexpressing HSS1 greatly reduced their proliferation rate compared to mock-transfected cells. Microarray analysis was used to detail gene expression underlying the anti-proliferative and anti-tumorigenic effect of HSS1 in A172 cells. Exponentially growing A172 cells at growth curve day 4 were harvested for total RNA extraction and hybridization on Affimetrix microarrays. Four groups of samples were evaluated in biological triplicates: A172 wild-type, A172 -pcDNA3.1 mock-transfected, A172-pcDNA-HSS1 clone#7 and A172-pcDNA-HSS1 clone#8. Cells were stable transfected with pcDNA3.1 empty vector or hHSS1. hHSS1-expressing cells and control cells were at confluence 40-80% when harvested. Trypan blue analysis of the number of viable cells showed a significant anti-proliferative effect in A172 cells expressing hHSS1 as compared to the control cells.
Project description:Investigation of whole genome gene expression level changes of TE-1 transfected with PCDNA3.1-Pax2 ,compared to TE-1 transfected with PCDNA3.1. Compare PAX2 activated genes by analyzing mRNA profilings between pcDNA3.1 and pcDNA3.1-PAX2- transfected TE-1 cells.
Project description:Alu SINEs are the most numerous frequently occurring transcription units in our genome and possess sequence competence for transcription by RNA Pol III. However, through poorly understood mechanisms, the Alu RNA levels are maintained at very low levels in normal somatic cells with obvious benefits of low rates of Alu retrotransposition and energy-economical deployment of RNA Pol III to the tRNA genes which share promoter structure and polymerase requirements with Alu SINEs. Using comparative ChIP sequencing, we unveil that a repeat binding protein, CGGBP1, binds to the transcriptional regulatory regions of Alu SINEs thereby impeding Alu transcription by inhibiting RNA Pol III recruitment. We show that this Alu-silencing depends on growth factor stimulation of cells and subsequent tyrosine phosphorylation of CGGBP1. Importantly, CGGBP1 ensures a sequence-specific discriminative inhibition of RNA Pol III activity at Alu promoters, while sparing the structurally similar tRNA promoters. Our data suggest that CGGBP1 contributes to growth-related transcription by preventing the hijacking of RNA Pol III by Alu SINEs. This study was used to find out the effect of CGGBP1 on serum-induced changes in gene expression and effect of serum on gene expression regulation by CGGBP1. Gene expression profiling of normal human fibroblasts under 4 different experimental perturbations: serum starvation or serum stimulation and CGGBP1 depletion or normal CGGBP1 levels.
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of breast cancer cell line MCF-7 stably transfected with pcDNA3.1-Gli1 comparing control ones transfected with CON Overall design: Total RNA of cells transfected with con or pcDNA3.1-GLI1 was extracted using the TRIZOL Reagent according to the manufacturer's instructions. Microarray analysis of Gli1-MCF-7 vs. pcDNA3.1-MCF-7 cells in dye-swap experiment
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of hPTTG1-/- HCT116 human colorectal cancer cells comparing hPTTG1-/- HCT116 cells transfected with pcDNA3.1, and with hPTTG1-/- HCT116 cells transfected with pcDNA3.1-hPTTG1 plasmid. Overall design: Two-condition experiment, pchyg vs. 7-2 and 18-2 cells. 1 control, 2 different transfected cells.
Project description:In colorectal cancer, p53 is commonly inactivated, associated with chemo-resistance, and marks the transition from non-invasive to invasive disease. Cancers, including colorectal cancer, are thought to be diseases of aberrant stem cell populations, as stem cells are able to self-renew, making them long-lived enough to acquire mutations necessary to manifest the disease. We have shown that extracts from sweet sorghum stalk components eliminate colon cancer stem cells (CCSC) in a partial p53-dependent fashion. However, the underlying mechanisms are unknown. In the present study, CCSC were transfected with short hairpin-RNA against p53 (CCSC p53 shRNA) and treated with sweet sorghum phenolics extracted from different plant components (dermal layer, leaf, seed head and whole plant). While all components demonstrated anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects in CCSC, phenolics extracted from the dermal layer and seed head were more potent in eliminating CCSC by elevating caspases 3/7 activity, PARP cleavage, and DNA fragmentation in a p53-dependent and p53-independent fashion, respectively. Further investigations revealed that the anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects were associated with decreases in beta-catenin protein levels, and beta-catenin targets cyclin D1, cMyc, and survivin. These results suggest that the anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects of sweet sorghum extracts against human colon cancer stem cells are via suppression of Wnt/beta-catenin pro-survival signaling in a p53-dependent (dermal layer) and partial p53-independent (seed head) fashion. LCMS used to identify phenolic compounds associated with extract activity
Project description:Background: Ameloblast differentiation is the most critical stepwise process in amelogenesis and controlled by a precisely molecules synergistically. To better understand the molecular events defining cell differentiation between preameloblasts and secretory ameloblasts during amelogenesis, a more precise identification of molecules and signaling networks would shed light on the mechanisms governing enamel formation and help lay a foundation for enamel regeneration. Results: Gene expression profiles of human preameloblast and secretory ameloblast cells were obtained using human genome microarrays. From a total of 28,869 analyzed transcripts, 923 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) with FDR<0.01 and Fold-change > 2 were obtained. Among them, more than twice DEGs were found enriched in PAB (n = 647) compared with SAB (n = 276). Notably, 38 genes were identified significantly differentially expressed between PAB and SAB (Fold Change > 8). Comparison of transcriptional profiles of PAB and SAB together with KEGG pathway analysis revealed genes enrichment in PAB were chiefly involved in cell cycle control, DNA damage repair and apoptosis, while genes related to cell adhesion and extracellular matrix had elevated expression level in SAB. Two co-expression modules were further identified significantly associated with the ameloblast differentiation process by weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA).These gene networks seem to contribute to cell adhesion, tissue development, cell signaling and division. Furthermore, the co-expression associations of RunX2 and BMP8A were also observed in these modules. Conclusions: In this study, we uncovered that the differentiation from PAB to SAB may rely on a highly regulated network of interactions between conserved signal transduction pathways, including members of BMP/TGF-β, Notch, MAPK pathways to coordinate all aspects of ameloblast in intracellular processes and their social contexts. Specifically, expression of genes associated with cell cycle control, DNA damage repair, and apoptosis pathways regulates pre-ameloblast maturation during tooth development. And the SAB cells are regulated by several signaling pathways controlling enamel matrix proteins secretion and cell adhesion, which are critical for enamel formation and cell-cell interactions. Apart from showing the transcriptional patterns of PAB and SAB, the application of bioinformatic analysis also explored the potential key genes and gene-associations in ameloblast differentiation. These findings will aid in the design of new strategies to promote ameloblast functional differentiation in the regeneration and tissue engineering of teeth. Human tooth buds (18-22 weeks) were obtained from fetal cadaver tissue within 3 hours after legal abortion. Teeth were dissected from the mandibles under a laminar flow hood, embedded in OCT compound, and cryosectioned at 10-μm thickness. These sections were used for laser capture microdissection (LCM). In total of 3 pre-ameloblasts and 3 secretory ameloblasts pooled samples were used for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarray.
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of hPTTG1-/- HCT116 human colorectal cancer cells comparing hPTTG1-/- HCT116 cells transfected with pcDNA3.1, and with hPTTG1-/- HCT116 cells transfected with pcDNA3.1-hPTTG1 plasmid. Two-condition experiment, pchyg vs. 7-2 and 18-2 cells. 1 control, 2 different transfected cells.
Project description:Cryptosporidium parvum is an important opportunistic parasite pathogen for immunocompromised individuals and a common cause of diarrhea in young children in developing countries. Certain parasite molecules can be delivered into host epithelial cells and may act as effector molecules for parasite intracellular development. This study aims to measure the impact of transfection of two parasite low-protein coding potential RNA transcripts, cdg2_FLc_0220 and cdg7_FLc_1000, on the transcriptome profile in intestinal epithelial cells. Human intestinal epithelial INT (FHs 74 Int) cells were grown to 80% confluence and transfected with the cdg2_FLc_0220 or cdg7_FLc_1000full-length or the empty vector for 48h. Total RNA was collected for the genome-wide analysis. The Agilent SurePrint G3 Human Gene Expression Microarray (G4851B) was used for the genome-wide analysis, which provides full coverage of genes and transcripts with the most up-to-date content, including mRNAs and lincRNAs (http://www.chem.agilent.com/store/en_US/Prod-G4851B/G4851B). Overall design: The FHs 74 Int were grown to 80% confluence for three groups: pcDNA3.1(+) empty vector (Group CP-A, cells transfected with pcDNA3.1(+) empty vector), pcDNA3.1(+)_cdg2_FLc_0220 full-length (Group CP-B, cells transfected with pcDNA3.1(+)_cdg2_FLc_0220 full-length ) and pcDNA3.1(+)_cdg7_FLc_1000 full-length (Group CP-C, cells transfected with pcDNA3.1(+)_cdg7_FLc_1000 full-length ). 48h later, total RNAs were prepared with the RNeasy Mini kit (Qiagen) according to the manufacturer’s instruction.