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Comparison of young and aged F344 rat coronary artery

ABSTRACT: Previous studies showed that aging in coronary arteries is associated with pro-inflammatory phenotypic changes and decreased NO bioavailability, which, we hypothesized, promotes vascular disease by inducing endothelial apoptosis. To test this hypothesis we characterized pro-apoptotic alterations in the phenotype of coronary arteries of aged (26 month old) and young (3 month old) F344 rats. DNA fragmentation analysis and TUNEL assay showed that in aged vessels there was a ~4 fold increase in the number of apoptotic endothelial cells. Analysis of the expression of apoptosis-related genes (real-time PCR) showed that in aged coronary arteries there was an increased expression of TNFa, TNFb, caspase 9 and an increased presence of cleaved caspase 3 and caspase 9 (Western blotting), whereas expression of TNFR1 and that of TRADD, Bcl-2, Bcl-X(L), Bid, Bax, caspase 8 and caspase 3 were unchanged. Vascular expression and activity of TNFa convertase enzyme were preserved in aging. We propose that aging-induced up-regulation of TNFa and decreased bioavailability of NO promote endothelial apoptosis in coronary arteries that may lead to the development of endothelial dysfunction and ischemic heart disease in the elderly.

ORGANISM(S): Rattus norvegicus  

SUBMITTER: Anna Csiszar  

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-619 | ArrayExpress | 2010-06-05



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Aging-induced proinflammatory shift in cytokine expression profile in coronary arteries.

Csiszar Anna A   Ungvari Zoltan Z   Koller Akos A   Edwards John G JG   Kaley Gabor G  

FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 20030422 9

The phenotypic and functional changes of coronary arteries with aging promote ischemic heart disease. We hypothesized that these alterations reflect an aging-induced proinflammatory shift in vascular regulatory mechanisms. Thus, in isolated coronary arteries of young (3-month-old) and aged (25-month-old) male Fischer 344 rats the expression of 96 cytokines, chemokines, and their receptors were screened by a cDNA-based microarray technique. In aged vessels expressions of tumor necrosis factor (TN  ...[more]

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