Transcriptome profiling of sugarcane root in response to low-K stress
ABSTRACT: To explore the molecular mechanism of low-K tolerance in sugarcane, we have employed whole genome microarray expression profiling to identify sugarcane genes in response to low-K stress. seeldings were transplanted to low-K hydroponic (containing 0.1 mmol.L-1 K+) and the roots were collected at 0 (CK), 8, 24 and 72 h after exposure to low-K condition. The expressions of genes in sugarcane roots were detected by microarray analysis. Totally 1545 genes at 8 h, 1053 genes at 24 h and 3155 at 72 h differentially expressed under low-K stress, when the 2-fold change was adopted as the threshold for determining differentially expressed genes. Among these genes, a certain amount of transcription factors, transporters, kinases, oxidative stress-related genes and genes in Ca+ and ethylene signaling pathway were detected to differentially express. Seeldings were treated with low-K hydroponic (containing 0.1 mmol.L-1 K+) and after 0 (CK), 8, 24 and 72 h exposure to low -K stress, the roots of sugarcane were collected. Four independent experiments were performed using roots collected at different time points
Project description:we characterized the rice alkaline tolerant mutant, alt1. Map-based cloning revealed that alt1 harbors a mutation in a putative chromatin remodeling ATPase gene. ALT1-RNAi transgenic plants mimicked the alt1 phenotype, exhibiting tolerance to alkali stress in a transcript dosage-dependent manner. We found that the predicted ALT1 protein belonged to the Ris1 subgroup of the Snf2 family and was localized in the nucleus. qRT-PCR analysis showed that ALT1 was predominantly expressed in leaf blades and sheaths, and that ALT1 transcription was rapidly suppressed after alkaline treatment. These results support the notion that ALT1 is a negative regulator of alkaline tolerance. Roots of two-leaf stage alt1 and WT seedlings grown under normal conditions were sampled for microarray analysis. The transcriptomic profiles were investigated using an Agilent-015241 Rice Gene Expression 4×44 K Microarray (Agilent Technology) containing 32,325 probes corresponding to cDNA, 6,934 probes corresponding to expressed sequence tags (ESTs), and 2,612 probes corresponding to gene predicted loci, respectively, with three independent biological replicates. Roots of two-leaf stage alt1 and WT seedlings grown under normal conditions were sampled for microarray analysis
Project description:Previous studies showed that S100A8 and S100A9 are involved in neovascularization as well as in tumor development. At high concentrations, S100A8 and S100A9 cause inflammatory response or apoptosis mediated damage in vascular endothelial cells. But the effect of low concentrations of such proteins on endothelial cells remains unknown. This assay was performed to screen for genes that are involved in the response of Human Unbilican Vascular Endothelial Cells to low concentrations of S100A8. Human Umblical Vascular Endothelial Cells (HUVEC) were cultuered and treated with 10ug/mL S100A8 proteins for 4 or 24 hours. Gene profiling was carried out using two-color microarray. Two-condition experiment, S100A8 treatment vs. non-treatment. Two time points: 4 hours and 24 hours. Biological replicates at each time point: 3 control replicates, 3 treatment replicates.
Project description:We profiled plasma miRNA expression in workers exposed to Cr(VI), and assessed genetic damage on chromosome and DNA to compare the sensitivity between epigenetic changes and genetic damage for biomarkers We screened differently expressed plasma miRNAs between high and low Cr(VI) exposed workers using Agilent miRNA microarray. low exposure : <5.49 ng/ml; high exposure >5.49 ng/ml
Project description:Compared to wild type plants, overexpression of NROB results leaf early senescence, biomass and seeds yield decreased more than 70%. Microarray analysis the differential expression genes induced by NROB Young leaves of DAG 30 were harvested from WT and 35S: NROB #2 plants and frozen immediately in liquid nitrogen. Total RNA was extracted using the RNeasy plant mini kit (Qiagen) and was checked for a RIN number to inspect RNA integration by an Agilent Bioanalyzer 2100. Qualified and purified total RNA was amplified and labeled by Low Input Quick Amp Labeling Kit, Two-Color (Agilent technologies, US). Regulated genes were identified with a stringent significance threshold, namely a mean >2.0-fold change (transformants relative to WT control samples) and based on at least two replicates. Microarray analysis result was verified by real-time PCR
Project description:Potential components of the barrier to radial oxygen loss (ROL) are suberin and/or lignin, which accumulate at the cell wall in the cells of peripheral cell layers of the root. Chemical composition of the apoplastic barrier in rice roots was characterized and it was suggested that ROL can be restricted by the formation of a suberized exodermis and/or lignified sclerenchyma in the outer part of the root. To characterize reorganization of primary carbon metabolism in rice roots during the ROL barrier formation, we obtained the profiles of polar metabolites and the profiles of fatty acids of different zones of rice roots from plants growing in stagnant (anaerobic) and in well aerated medium. Biochemical data are combined with the results of microarray analysis. Nine days after germination, the seedlings were transferred to well aerated nutrient solution or stagnant deoxygenated nutrient solution. Stagnant solution contained 0.1% (w/v) dissolved agar and was deoxygenated (dissolved oxygen, <0.5 mg l–1) prior to use by flushing with N2 gas. After 14 d (23 d old), adventitious roots, 100-150 mm long, were harvested from rice plants grown either in aerated or stagnant conditions and RNA was extracted from 10 mm segments from the regions 0-10 mm, 10-20 mm and 20-30 mm from the root apex have been cut with sterile razor blade and collected and processed separately. Total RNAs were labeled with a Quick Amp Labeling Kit (Agilent Technologies) according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Aliquots of Cy5-labeled and Cy3-labeled cRNA (825 ng each) were used for hybridization in a rice 44K oligo-DNA microarray.
Project description:Analysis of 96-hours-old-rice seedlings with promoted-growth induced by implantation with low-energy nitrogen ion beam. Ion-beam implantation can induce changes in 351 up-regulated transcripts and 470 down-regulated transcripts, including signaling proteins, kinases, plant hormones, transposable elements, transcription factors, non-coding protein RNAs, secondary metabolites, resistance proteins, peroxidase, chromatin modification and even miRNAs. Results provide insight into the molecular basis of biological effects of plants that implanted by ion beam. Three sample groups—the controls, the ion-beam implanted samples and vacuum-treated samples. Three replicates were included in each sample group. Radiation induced gene expression rice seedlings was measured at 96 hours after germination of the seeds.
Project description:To explore the molecular mechanism of low-K tolerance in sugarcane, we have employed whole genome microarray expression profiling to identify sugarcane genes in response to low-K stress. seeldings were transplanted to low-K hydroponic (containing 0.1 mmol.L-1 K+) and the roots were collected at 0 (CK), 8, 24 and 72 h after exposure to low-K condition. The expressions of genes in sugarcane roots were detected by microarray analysis. Totally 1545 genes at 8 h, 1053 genes at 24 h and 3155 at 72 h differentially expressed under low-K stress, when the 2-fold change was adopted as the threshold for determining differentially expressed genes. Among these genes, a certain amount of transcription factors, transporters, kinases, oxidative stress-related genes and genes in Ca+ and ethylene signaling pathway were detected to differentially express. Overall design: Seeldings were treated with low-K hydroponic (containing 0.1 mmol.L-1 K+) and after 0 (CK), 8, 24 and 72 h exposure to low -K stress, the roots of sugarcane were collected. Four independent experiments were performed using roots collected at different time points
Project description:Serum is a valuable body fluid to diagnose cancer as it can be accessed with minimal invasive techniques. Studying the cancer serum proteome provides valuable insights into the pathophysiology of tumor progression. Gastric adenocarcinoma is an aggressive cancer resulting in poor prognosis, mainly due to the lack of specific early diagnostic biomarkers. To this end, we used an iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomic approach to identify differentially expressed proteins in the sera of patients diagnosed with gastric cancer. Our study resulted in the identification of 643 proteins in the serum, of which 48 proteins were found to be overexpressed and 11 proteins underexpressed in gastric cancer when compared with healthy controls. We used multiple reaction monitoring assays to validate the overexpression of potential biomarkers. This catalog of serum-based biomarkers will aid in diagnosis and prognosis of gastric cancer.
Project description:Methyl ketone production by P. putida with A. thaliana and switchgrass hydrolysates obtained by dilute acid pretreatment led to the identification of plant-derived amino acids, rather than mono-aromatics, as key stimulative components of these hydrolysates. Shotgun proteomics indicated that the amino acids had a specific inductive effect on proteins involved in fatty acid biosynthesis, leading to a 9-fold increase in methyl ketone titer when amending glucose-containing minimal medium with a defined set of amino acids.