Gene expression analysis of Hammondia hammondi and Toxoplasma gondii sporulated oocysts
ABSTRACT: To date little is known about the transcriptome of Hammondia hammondi, the nearest extant relative of Toxoplasma gondii. In this study we used an existing microarray to query Toxoplasma gondii and Hammondia hammondi transcript abundance in sporulated oocysts. Oocysts of the VEG strain of Toxoplasma gondii, and the HhCatGer041 strain of Hammondia hammondi, were isolated from cat feces by sucrose flotation, and sporulated for ~3-6 months in 2% sulfuric acid. RNA was isolated from Bleach-treated oocyst preparations using the Trizol reagent. RNA was biotinylated for hybridization to Toxo 169 Affymetrix chips using the Illumina Total Prep RNA labeling kit (Ambion). For each species 3 separate RNA isolations were performed on the same batch of oocysts and hybridized to individual microarrays.
Project description:Understanding of protein expression difference in the same stage of T.gondii among different genotypes will facilitate the elucidation of genotypic divergence among the T.gondii strains. A 4-plex iTRAQ (isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantitation) based LC-MS/MS approach was employed to survey the differentially expressed proteins of sporulated oocysts between ToxoDB#1 (PRU) strain and ToxoDB#9 (PYS) strain for the first time.
Project description:Relative expression levels of mRNAs in chicken IEL experimentally infected with EA, EM, or ET were measured at 1 to 6 days post-infection (dpi) following primary and secondary infections. One week-old chickens were uninfected (negative control) or were orally inoculated with sporulated oocysts of EA, EM, or ET. One week later, the infected chickens were challenged with an identical inoculum of the homologous parasite. Intestinal samples were collected daily from 5 birds in a treatment group at from 1 to 6 dpi following primary and secondary infections. Cecum, duodenum, and jejunum were collected from the birds challenged with E. acervulina, E. maxima, and E. tenella, respectively. Uninfected control samples and one of the 3 infection group samples were labeled with different fluorescent dyes and hybridized simultaneously on the same slide using a reference design with a dye swap protocol. Thirty seven-condition experiment, Non-infected control vs. Primary or secondary EA, EM, or ET infected IEL at 1 to 6. Biological replicates: 2 replicates with dye-switching from each infection groups. Two replicates per array.
Project description:Global gene expression in C. parvum environmental stage (oocysts) and the oocysts treated with UV comparing control untreated ones. Goal was to uncover the metabolic features in oocysts and the oocysts treated with UV. two-condition experiment, UV treatment vs. UV untreatment; two time points, 0.5h and 5h. Each time point, two Biological replicates(1, 2) with two technique replicates(1-1,1-2 ; 2-1, 2-2).
Project description:Relative expression levels of mRNAs in chicken cecal epithelia experimentally infected with Eimeria tenella were measured at 4.5 days post-infection. Two weeks old chickens were uninfected (negative control) or were orally inoculated with sporulated oocysts of Eimeria tenella. Cecal epithelia samples were collected from >12 birds in infected or uninfected group at 4.5 d following infections, in which samples from 4 birds were pooled together to form a total 3 biological replicates in each group. Parasite merozoites were also collected from four infected chickens at 5 d after infections. Uninfected control samples, merozoites and infection group samples were selected for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. We used Affymetrix GeneChip chicken genome arrays to detail the chicken cecal epithelia gene expression in the control and E. tenella-infected birds. Infected, uninfected chicken cecal epithelia and merozoites were selected for RNA extraction and hybridization with Affymetrix microarrays. Our goal was to analyze global transcriptome changes in chicken cecal mucous membranes in response to E. tenella infection in vivo. We used infected (T1,T2,T3; three biological replicates) and uninfected (Neg1, Neg2, Neg3; three biological replicates) samples to identify genes that were differentially expressed. Meanwhile, RNA and probes were also prepared from parasite merozoites (Mzt) from infected samples (Mzt) and used as an additional control in microarray hybridization.
Project description:Toxoplasma gondii is a zoonotic pathogen for which felids serve as definitive hosts. In cats, the parasite undergoes several rounds of asexual replication before entering the sexual cycle which gives rise to oocysts that are shed into the environment. These then sporulate and become infective to humans and live stock. To understand the genes involved in the parasite development in the felid host and identify potential intervention targets, we designed a transcriptomic approach to compare the cat intestinal stages with the well characterised tachyzoites that mediate acute infection and tissue cysts that are responsible for chronic infection. Cats were infected with T. gondii tissue cysts from mouse brain and sampled the intestinal stages at day 3, 5 and 7 post infection. As an input sample, we also collected tissue cysts from mouse brain as well as in vitro cultivated tachyzoites. Total RNA was extracted, enriched for mRNA and used for cDNA synthesis. RNA-Seq was then performed to describe the transcriptomic repertoire of each time point/life cycle stage. Overall design: RNA-Seq of cat enteroepithelial stages and cultivated tachyzoites of Toxoplasma gondii NIH subcontract grant number: HHSN272200900038C
Project description:H69 cells were cultured in H69 medium with Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts(10 X 5 per well, for smaples 04, 05 and 06) or without oocysts(for samples 01, 02 and 03)for 8 hours and then collected for array analysis. Sample 07 was cells exposed to heated inactived oocysts. <br>
Project description:Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite causing severe diseases in immunocompromised individuals and congenitally infected neonates, such as encephalitis and chorioretinitis. This study aimed to determine whether serum metabolic profiling can (i) identify metabolites associated with oocyst-induced T. gondii infection and (ii) detect systemic metabolic differences between T. gondii-infected mice and controls. We performed the first global metabolomics analysis of mice serum challenged with 100 sporulated T. gondii Pru oocysts (Genotype II). Sera from acutely infected mice (11 days post-infection, dpi), chronically infected mice (33 dpi) and control mice were collected and analyzed using LC-MS/MS platform. Following False Discovery Rate filtering, we identified 3871 and 2825 ions in ESI+ or ESI- mode, respectively. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) identified metabolomic profiles that clearly differentiated T. gondii-infected and -uninfected serum samples. Acute infection significantly influenced the serum metabolome. Our results identified common and uniquely perturbed metabolites and pathways. Acutely infected mice showed perturbations in metabolites associated with glycerophospholipid metabolism, biosynthesis of amino acid, and tyrosine metabolism. These findings demonstrated that acute T. gondii infection induces a global perturbation of mice serum metabolome, providing new insights into the mechanisms underlying systemic metabolic changes during early stage of T. gondii infection.
Project description:Expression profile microarray of human foreskin fibroblast cell comparing control untreated HFF cell with HFF cell infected with ME49 strain.Study on Toxoplasma gondii infection of HFF cell LncRNAs expression, for further studies on the differential exprssion of LncRNAs in HFF cell against the infection of Toxoplasma gondii research provide the basic function. Overall design: Two-condition experiment, HFF cell vs Toxoplasma gondii infected HFFcell. Biological replicates: 3 control replicates, 3 infected replicates.