Dataset Information


Cells with features of totipotency derived from human ESC and iPSC by transient BMP4 exposure

ABSTRACT: Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSC) exposed to BMP4 (B) and inhibitors of ACTIVIN signaling (A83-01; A) and FGF2 (PD173074; P) in absence of FGF2 (BAP conditions) differentiate into colonies primarily comprised of trophoblast. In an attempt to isolate trophoblast stem cells, colonies of hESC were exposed to BAP for 24 h at which time they had begun to transition into a CDX2-positive state. Cultures were then dissociated into single cells by trypsin and grown on a gelatin substratum. Under these conditions, organized CDX2+/KRT7- colonies began to emerge within a few days. The self-renewing cell lines were not TBSC, but met standard criteria for pluripotency. They were named H1BP cells. They differed from the progenitor hPSC in morphology, ability to be clonally propagated from single cells onto gelatin, requirements for FGF2, and transcriptome profile. RNA was isolated from control human embryonic stem cells H1 cells, H1 cells exposed to BAP conditions for 24 and 48 h, H1BP colonies picked individually at two different passage numbers (p7 and p18), and H1BP cells that had been allowed to differentiate spontaneously in standard non-conditioned hESC medium in absence of FGF2. In order to collect RNA from cells, medium was removed and RNA STAT60 (I ml; Tel-Test, Friendswood, TX) was immediately added to culture dish and RNA extracted by following the manufacturer’s instructions. The samples of RNA were submitted to University Texas Southwestern Medical Center Microarray Core Facility ( and microarray analysis performed with Illumina HumanHT-12 v4 expression BeadChips. Raw intensity data were background subtracted by using BeadStudio software and analyzed further by GeneSpring 12.6 software (Agilent Technologies Inc., Santa Clara CA), according to the advanced workflow protocol: percentile shift and filter by flags (detected).

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Roberts R Michael   Yang Ying  Adachi Katsuyuki  Ezashi Toshihiko  Ying Yang 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-62065 | ArrayExpress | 2015-06-11



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Heightened potency of human pluripotent stem cell lines created by transient BMP4 exposure.

Yang Ying Y   Adachi Katsuyuki K   Sheridan Megan A MA   Alexenko Andrei P AP   Schust Danny J DJ   Schulz Laura C LC   Ezashi Toshihiko T   Roberts R Michael RM  

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 20150413 18

Human pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) show epiblast-type pluripotency that is maintained with ACTIVIN/FGF2 signaling. Here, we report the acquisition of a unique stem cell phenotype by both human ES cells (hESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) in response to transient (24-36 h) exposure to bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) plus inhibitors of ACTIVIN signaling (A83-01) and FGF2 (PD173074), followed by trypsin dissociation and recovery of colonies capable of growing on a gelatin substr  ...[more]

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