Transcriptomics

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Time dynamics of quantitative protein and mRNA levels reveals extensive translational regulation after stress


ABSTRACT: Eukaryotic cells are constantly challenged by the presence of reactive oxygen species, which play an important role in aging and human disease progression. In particular, acute oxidative stress can lead to extensive damage to cellular DNA, proteins, and lipids and can trigger a response that remodels the transcriptional and translational state of the cell. Although a number of previous studies have profiled the relative changes in mRNA and protein and more studies revealing the dynamics of transcription and translation in response to stress are starting to emerge, a quantitative view of this response has been lacking. Here, we have applied quantitative methods to characterize the time dynamics of mRNA and protein levels in the oxidative stress response of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, which has allowed us to perform dynamic modeling of responsive genes in units of copies per cell. Analysis of the resulting time dynamics provided a new genome-wide view of the scale, timing and rates of transcription and translation in the transient response. The majority of dynamic genes were observed to be responsive in their mRNA or protein levels alone implying extensive translational regulation. Nevertheless, modeling of genes with responsive mRNA and protein levels showed that protein levels could, in a majority of these cases, be accurately predicted with constant translation and decay rates while a minority benefited from explicit translation delay parameters. A number of independent features, e.g. measures of codon bias, ribosome occupancy, etc., were found to be less correlated to maximally perturbed protein levels than steady-state levels. Codon bias measures were more correlated than mRNA levels to quantitative protein levels at both perturbed and un-perturbed states. Measures of translation activity, on the other hand, were only significantly correlated at steady state. In total 32 samples: 11 for stressed time series R1, 11 for stressed time series R2, 5 for control time series C1 and 5 for control time series C2

ORGANISM(S): Schizosaccharomyces pombe  

SUBMITTER: Francesc X Marsellach  Ruedi Aebersold   Andreas Beyer   Jürg Bähler   Christopher T Workman   Greg Slodkowicz   Federio De Masi   Manos A Papadakis   Alexander Schmidt   Helle K Pedersen   Federico De Masi    

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-62120 | ArrayExpress | 2015-03-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE62120PRJNA263246

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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