Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

5

Transcription profiling of S. cerevisiae reveaks increasing nadh oxidation reduces overflow metabolism


ABSTRACT: When the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is subjected to increasing glycolytic fluxes under aerobic conditions, there is a threshold value of the glucose uptake rate at which the metabolism shifts from being purely respiratory to mixed respiratory and fermentative. This shift is characterized by ethanol production, a phenomenon known as the Crabtree effect due to its analogy with lactate overflow in cancer cells. It is well known that at high glycolytic fluxes there is glucose repression of respiratory pathways resulting in a decrease in the respiratory capacity. Despite many years of detailed studies on this subject, it is not known whether the onset of the Crabtree effect (or overflow metabolism) is due to a limited respiratory capacity or caused by glucose-mediated repression of respiration. We addressed this issue by increasing respiration in S. cerevisiae by introducing a heterologous alternative oxidase, and observed reduced aerobic ethanol formation. In contrast, increasing non-respiratory NADH oxidation by overexpression of a water-forming NADH oxidase reduced aerobic glycerol formation. The metabolic response to elevated alternative oxidase occurred predominantly in the mitochondria, while NADH oxidase affected genes that catalyze cytosolic reactions. Moreover, NADH oxidase restored the deficiency of cytosolic NADH dehydrogenases in S. cerevisiae. These results indicate that NADH oxidase localizes in the cytosol, while alternative oxidase is directed to the mitochondria. The onset of aerobic ethanol formation is demonstrated to be a consequence of an imbalance in mitochondrial redox balancing. In addition to answering fundamental physiological questions, our findings are relevant for all biomass derived applications of S. cerevisiae. Experiment Overall Design: Heterologous gene expression in chemostats using Affymetrix Yeast Genome 2.0 arrays. Total RNA extraction and sample preparation, hybridization was done according to the manufacturer's protocol.

INSTRUMENT(S): 418 [Affymetrix]

ORGANISM(S): Saccharomyces cerevisiae  

SUBMITTER: Goutham N. Vemuri  

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-6277 | ArrayExpress | 2008-06-14

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE6277PRJNA99669

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications

Increasing NADH oxidation reduces overflow metabolism in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Vemuri G N GN   Eiteman M A MA   McEwen J E JE   Olsson L L   Nielsen J J  

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 20070207 7


Respiratory metabolism plays an important role in energy production in the form of ATP in all aerobically growing cells. However, a limitation in respiratory capacity results in overflow metabolism, leading to the formation of byproducts, a phenomenon known as "overflow metabolism" or "the Crabtree effect." The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has served as an important model organism for studying the Crabtree effect. When subjected to increasing glycolytic fluxes under aerobic conditions, there i  ...[more]

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