Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

3

BBr002: A genomic landscape of enhanced bovine pluripotency


ABSTRACT: Genes and signaling pathways involved in pluripotency have been studied extensively in mouse and human pre-implantation embryos and embryonic stem (ES) cells. The unsuccessful attempts to generate ES cell lines from other species including cattle suggests that other genes and pathways are involved in maintaining pluripotency in these species. To investigate which genes are involved in bovine pluripotency, expression profiles were generated from morula, blastocyst, trophectoderm and inner cell mass (ICM) samples using microarray analysis. As MAPK inhibition can increase the NANOG/GATA6 ratio in the inner cell mass, additionally blastocysts were cultured in the presence of a MAPK inhibitor and changes in gene expression in the inner cell mass were analyzed. Between morula and blastocyst 3,774 genes were differentially expressed and the largest differences were found in blastocyst up-regulated genes. Gene ontology (GO) analysis shows lipid metabolic process as the term most enriched with genes expressed at higher levels in blastocysts. Genes with higher expression levels in morulae were enriched in the RNA processing GO term. Of the 497 differentially expressed genes comparing ICM and TE the expression of NANOG, SOX2 and POU5F1 was indeed increased in the ICM confirming their evolutionary preserved role in pluripotency. Several genes implicated to be involved in differentiation or fate determination were also expressed at higher levels in the ICM. Genes expressed at higher levels in the ICM were enriched in the RNA splicing and regulation of gene expression GO term. Although NANOG expression was elevated upon MAPK inhibition, SOX2 and POU5F1 expression showed little increase. Expression of other genes in the MAPK pathway including DUSP4 and SPRY4, or influenced by MAPK inhibition such as IFNT, was affected. The data obtained from the microarray studies provide further insight in gene expression during bovine embryonic development. They show an expression profile in pluripotent cells that indicates a pluripotent but epiblast-like state. These data indicate that MAPK inhibition alone is not sufficient to maintain a pluripotent character in bovine cells. Microarrays used were bovine whole genome gene expression microarrays V2 (Agilent Technologies) representing 43,653 Bos taurus 60-mer oligos in a 4x44K layout. RNA samples from ERK-inhibited ICM and control-treated ICM were compared in a common reference experiment design using 4 dual channel microarrays with each sample hybridized against an identical sample consisting of a pool of blastocysts total RNA. Within each group of two microarrays for each treatment, sample versus common reference hybridizations were performed in balanced dye-swap.

ORGANISM(S): Bos taurus  

SUBMITTER: Helena T van Tol   Bas Brinkhof  Kaveh Mashayekhi  Sascha G Ijzer  Bernard A Roelen  Marian Groot Koerkamp  Marian J Groot Koerkamp  Henk P Haagsman 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-63053 | ArrayExpress | 2015-05-07

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE63053PRJNA266521

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications

A mRNA landscape of bovine embryos after standard and MAPK-inhibited culture conditions: a comparative analysis.

Brinkhof Bas B   van Tol Helena T A HT   Groot Koerkamp Marian J A MJ   Riemers Frank M FM   IJzer Sascha G SG   Mashayekhi Kaveh K   Haagsman Henk P HP   Roelen Bernard A J BA  

BMC genomics 20150410


Genes and signalling pathways involved in pluripotency have been studied extensively in mouse and human pre-implantation embryos and embryonic stem (ES) cells. The unsuccessful attempts to generate ES cell lines from other species including cattle suggests that other genes and pathways are involved in maintaining pluripotency in these species. To investigate which genes are involved in bovine pluripotency, expression profiles were generated from morula, blastocyst, trophectoderm and inner cell m  ...[more]

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