Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

29

Gene Expression Profiling in Pachyonychia Congenita Skin


ABSTRACT: Pachyonychia congenita (PC) is a skin disorder resulting from mutations in keratin genes (KRT) 6A, KRT6B, KRT6C, KRT16, and KRT17 genes. One of the major symptoms is painful plantar keratoderma. The pathogenic sequelae resulting from the keratin mutations remain unclear. To better understand PC pathogenesis.RNA profiling was performed on biopsies taken from PC-involved and uninvolved plantar skin of seven PC (-K6a, -K6b, -K16, -K17) patients as well as from control volunteers. Protein profiling was generated from tape-stripping samples. A comparison of PC-involved skin biopsies to adjacent uninvolved plantar skin identified 112 differentially-expressed mRNAs common to patient groups harboring keratin protein (K) 6 and K16 mutations. Among these mRNAs, 25 encode structural proteins including keratins, small proline-rich and late cornified envelope proteins, 20 are related to metabolism and 16 encode proteases, peptidases, and their inhibitors including kallikrein-related peptidases (KLKs) and serine protease inhibitors (SERPINs). mRNAs were also identified to be differentially expressed only in K6 (81) or K16 (141) patient samples. Furthermore, 13 mRNAs were identified that may be involved in pain including nociception and neuropathy. Protein profiling, comparing three K6a plantar tape-stripping samples to non-PC controls, showed changes in the PC corneocytes similar, but not identical, to the mRNA analysis. Many differentially-expressed genes identified in PC-involved skin encode components critical for skin barrier homeostasis including keratinocyte proliferation, differentiation, cornification, and desquamation. The profiling data provide a foundation for unraveling the pathogenesis of PC and identifying targets for developing effective PC therapeutics. Two-condition experiment, Involved vs. Uninvolved Pachyonychia Congenita Skin for seven different patients and controls. HPR are the initials of the patient used as a control.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Manuel A Flores  Robyn P Hickerson   Maren M Gross   Albert A Bravo   Marc R Bessette   Anna L Bruckner   Mary E Schwartz   Brandon L Seegmiller   Dmitry Grapov   Roger L Kaspar   Annaleen Vermeulen   Yu-An Cao   Robert H Rice   Brett S Phinney   Tycho J Speaker   Yuan Cao    

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-63326 | ArrayExpress| 2014-11-28

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE63326PRJNA267503

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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