Expression profile of COUP-TFII overexpressing hearts
ABSTRACT: Increased COUP-TFII levels are found in human dilated cardiomyopathy as well as in mouse models that develop cardiomyopathy. COUP-TFII overexpression in adult mouse hearts caused ventricular dilation and compromised cardiac functions. To gain insights on COUP-TFII’s effect in hearts, we identified the molecular profile of COUP-TFII overexpressing hearts through microarray analysis. The result may shred light on molecular mechanisms that mediate development of dilated cardiomyopathy. We utilized a previously established CAG-S-COUP-TFII allele and crossed it with the Myh6-MerCreMer (Myh6-MCM) line to overexpress COUP-TFII specifically in cardiomyocytes at two months of age by administration of tamoxifen. The experimental group has genotype of Myh6-MCM; CAG-S-COUP-TFII while the control group consists of Myh6-MCM mice (Figure 1C). Whole ventricles were harvested 16 days post induction for molecular profiling.
Project description:COUP-TFII, a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily plays a critical role in angiogenesis and organogenesis during embryonic development. Our results indicate that COUP-TFII expression is profoundly upregulated in prostate cancer patients and might serves as biomarker for recurrence prediction. Thus we conduct transcriptome comparison of control and COUP-TFII depleted PC3 cells to gain genomic insights on the biological processes that COUP-TFII is involved in prostate cancer cells. Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) shows that the most prominent altered pathways in the COUP-TFII depleted cells are related to cell growth; cell cycle progression and DNA damage response. Indeed many growth related genes including E2F1, p21, CDC25A, Cyclin A and Cyclin B are changed in COUP-TFII knockdown cells, suggesting that COUP-TFII might be an important regulator for prostate cancer cell growth. Further functional assays from cells and mice genetic studies confirm the hypothesis that COUP-TFII serve as the major regulator to control prostrate cancer growth. Together, results provide insight into the role of COUP-TFII in prostate tumorigenesis. PC3 Cells were transfected with siRNA (Control or COUP-TFII siRNA) duplexes (40 nM) and total RNA was isolated 48 hours later.
Project description:COUP-TFII (NR2F2) is expressed in somatic cells in fetal ovary. To investigate the function of COUP-TFII , we used Cre-flox model to ablate Coup-tfII in the fetal ovaries We performed microarray to compare gene expression profile between control and knockout ovaries. Overall design: We established a tamoxifen inducible WT1-CreERT2; COUP-TFII flox/flox model to ablate Coup-tfII by injecting tamoxifen (2 mg/10g body weight) at E11.5 and E12.5. Control and knockout ovaries were collected at E14.5 and E16.5 for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:COUP-TFII plays a critical role in angiogenesis during development. It has also been shown to suppress Notch signaling pathway to confer vein identity. However, the downstream targets and the mechanism mediate COUP-TFII function to regulate these processes remain elusive. To identify the downstream targets and the mechanism by which COUP-TFII regulates agiogenesis and vein specification, we knocked down COUP-TFII in HUVEC cells using COUP-TFII specific siRNA and used microarray analysis to identify downstream targets. Interestingly, we found the expression of many genes in the cell cycle pathway and Notch signaling pathway are significantly altered in the COUP-TFII depleted cells. HUVEC Cells were transfected with siRNA (Control or COUP-TFII siRNA) duplexes (50 nM) and total RNA was isolated 48 hours later.
Project description:Gene expression in the right ventricle is different in control patients as compared to either idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy or pulmonary arterial hypertension Two human hearts obtained at autopsy from each of control, pulmonary hypertension, and dilated cardiomyopathy
Project description:Global gene expression is altered in heart failure. This syndrome can be caused by cardiovascular diseases, including dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM), hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, viral or toxic myocarditis, hypertension, and valvular diseases. We used microarrays to evaluate the impact of heart failure on human nucleocytoplasmic transport-related genes examining simultaneoulsly both dilated and ischemic human cardiomyopathies compared to normal hearts. Overall design: Transmural samples were taken from near the apex of the left ventricle. 29 heart samples were used in the microarray assay (dilated cardiomypathy, n = 12; ischemic cardiomyopathy, n = 12, and control hearts n = 5).
Project description:Here, we targeted mCherry to the COUP-TFII genomic locus in NKX2.5eGFP/+ hPSCs. Upon differentiation to atrial and ventricular cardiomyocytes (CMs) this dual atrial COUP-TFIImCherry/+-NKX2.5eGFP/+ reporter line allowed identification and selection of GFP+ (G+)/mCherry+ (M+) CMs following cardiac differentiation. These cells exhibited transcriptional and functional properties of atrial CMs, whereas G+/M- CMs displayed ventricular characteristics. Via CRISPR/Cas9-mediated knockout, we demonstrated that COUP-TFII is not required atrial specification in hPSCs. Overall design: In total we analyzed 12 samples. 5 G+/M+ hPSC-derived atrial CMs plus 5 G+/M- ventricular samples (sample 1-10) and 2 replicates of G-/M+ non-CMs (sample 11-12). Samples with different COUP-TFII genotype were analyzed: Wildtype COUP-TFII (sample 5 and 6), heterozygotes (samples 7-12) and complete knockout (samples 1-4). Samples 1 and 2 or 3 and 4 originate from two independent hPSC lines. Samples 7 and 10, 8 and 11, as well as 11 and 12 are replicates.
Project description:Chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter-transcription factor II (COUP-TFII; NR2F2) is an orphan nuclear receptor involved in cell-fate specification, organogenesis, angiogenesis and metabolism. Ablation of COUP-TFII in the mouse uterus causes infertility due to defects in embryo attachment and impaired uterine stromal cell decidualization. Although the function of COUP-TFII in uterine decidualization has been described in mice, its role in the human uterus remains unknown. To better elucidate the mechanisms with which COUP-TFII regulates target gene transcription, genome-wide COUP-TFII binding sites in human endometrial stromal cells (HESC) treated with deciduogenic hormones were identified using ChIP-seq. A total of 16,298 intervals (binding regions) for COUP-TFII were identified compared with the input in HESC chromatin with a very low false discovery rate (0.17%) using a stringent cutoff of p =1x10-10. Distribution of intervals showed that more than half (58.6%) of the COUP-TFII binding sites are located within 10 kb of gene boundaries. 7.5% of total intervals reside within the 10 kb promoter region. A total of 6,077 unique genes were identified to have COUP-TFII binding sites within 10 kb of their gene boundaries. Examination of NR2F2 binding in pooled primary human endometrial stromal cells from 6 healthy women upon decidualization with a hormone cocktail of cAMP, E2 and medroxyprogesterone acetate.
Project description:ABSTRACT Background: The control of the functional pancreatic b-cell mass serves the key homeostatic function of releasing the right amount of insulin to keep blood sugar in the normal range. It is not fully understood though how b-cell mass is determined. Methodology/principal findings: Conditional chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter transcription factor II (COUP-TFII)-deficient mice were generated and crossed with mice expressing Cre under the control of pancreatic duodenal homeobox 1 (pdx1) gene promoter. Ablation of COUP-TFII in pancreas resulted in glucose intolerance. Beta-cell number was reduced at 1 day and 3 weeks postnatal. Together with a reduced number of insulin-containing cells in the ductal epithelium and normal b-cell proliferation and apoptosis, this suggests decreased b-cell differentiation in the neonatal period. By testing islets isolated from these mice and cultured b-cells with loss and gain of COUP-TFII function, we found that COUP-TFII induces the expression of the b-catenin gene and its target genes such as cyclin D1 and axin 2. Moreover, induction of these genes by glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) via b-catenin was impaired in absence of COUP-TFII. The expression of two other target genes of GLP-1 signaling, GLP-1R and PDX-1 was significantly lower in mutant islets compared to control islets, possibly contributing to reduced b-cell mass. Finally, we demonstrated that COUP-TFII expression was activated by the Wnt signaling-associated transcription factor TCF7L2 (T-cell factor 7-like 2) in human islets and rat b-cells providing a feedback loop. Conclusions/significance: Our findings show that COUP-TFII is a novel component of the GLP-1 signaling cascade that increases b-cell number during the neonatal period. COUP-TFII is required for GLP-1 activation of the b-catenin-dependent pathwayand its expression is under the control of TCF7L2. Overall design: We determined the RNA profile of COUP-TFII knockdown β-cells (832/13 INS-1 cells transfected with COUP-TFII specific siRNA) with respect to control cells (832/13 INS-1 cells transfected with scrambled siRNA) using Affymetrix expression analysis technical manual 701025Rev.5 (Affymetrix, Santa Clara, California, USA). Briefly, 1 mg of total cellular mRNA was reverse transcribed into cDNA (SuperScript Choice System Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA) using oligo-dT primers and a T7 RNA polymerase promoter site. The cDNA was in vitro transcribed and biotin-labeled for microarray analysis using the Affymetrix IVT labeling kit. The concentration of labelled cRNA was measured using a NanoDrop ND-1000 spectrophotometer. Labeled cRNA was fragmented in a fragmentation buffer for 35 min at 94°C. The quality of labeled and fragmented cRNA was analyzed using the Agilent bioanalyzer 2100 (Van Lommel et al, 2006). Fragmented cRNA was hybridized to the rat 230 2.0 array (Affymetrix) during 16h at 45°C. Arrays were washed and stained in a fluidics station (Affymetrix) and scanned using the Affymetrix 3000 GeneScanner.
Project description:Although the function of COUP-TFII in uterine decidualization has been described in mice, its role in the human uterus remains unknown.To interrogate the role of COUP-TFII in human endometrial function, we utilized a siRNA-mediated loss of function approach in primary human endometrial stromal cells. Primary human endometrial stromal cells (HESCs), coup-TFII siRNA group and control group Two group comparison