ABSTRACT: In order to understand the transcriptional effects of CD44s expression in a cell line that does not express CD44 in its native form we transfected CD44s into HEK cells and measured the transcriptional chances compared to native HEK cells Three biological replicates from each condition (native HEK cells and CD44s transfected cells) were measured using Affymetrix arrays
Project description:Chronic acid suppression by proton pump inhibitor (PPI) has been hypothesized to alter the gut microbiota via a change in intestinal pH. To evaluate the changes in gut microbiota composition by long-term PPI treatment. Twenty-four week old F344 rats were fed with (n = 5) or without (n = 6) lansoprazole (PPI) for 50 weeks. Then, profiles of luminal microbiota in the terminal ileum were analyzed. Pyrosequencing for 16S rRNA gene was performed by genome sequencer FLX (454 Life Sciences/Roche) and analyzed by metagenomic bioinformatics.
Project description:We determined the distribution of three PcG proteins: PC, PSC and E(Z), and of histone H3 trimethylated at Lys 27 by chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) coupled with analysis of immunoprecipitated DNA with a high density genomic tiling microarray (Affymetrix).
Project description:We used microarrays to detail the global gene expression in stably transfected HEK 293T cells of the over-expression of truncated FMRP containing 295 amino acid residues, which were compared with control (stably transfected HEK 293T cells of empty lentiviral vector (pLEX-MCS). Stably transfected HEK 293T cells of empty lentiviral vector (pLEX-MCS) and the over-expression of truncated FMRP were for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:Three different experimental approaches were evaluated for discrimination of genomic variance in and between duplicated sequences using 48 markers in duplicon regions and 17 SNPs in unique sequences previously characterized in another study. We found only the method high-throughput single sperm typing could conclusively resolve the alleles of all markers. Resulting data from single sperm analysis were also used to examine the genetic structure of duplicon markers in the human population. Single sperm typing can be a rapid, efficient and accurate method for initial screening and assessment of genetic variation and for detailed genetic analysis of duplicon markers. Keywords: Genotyping Sixty-five markers including 17 MSVs, 12 PSVs, 19 SIDs and 17 SNPs in unique sequences described in Fredman et al. were selected for study. The samples include 40 genomic DNA samples from four ethnic groups, semen samples from 11 donors, and 10 to 20 sperm from each donor except one, AB012, for whom 65 sperm were analyzed. Both genomic and sperm DNA samples were subject to multiplex amplification followed by microarray analysis. Genotypes were determined by using the Accutyping software. Semen samples were genotyped on both strands. Allele status in these samples were compared and analyzed. The single sperm typing method allowed us to identify markers residing in non-unique sequence, to analyze the detailed genetic structure of the duplicons and to learn whether different alleles are present for the duplicon sequences in the human population.
Project description:Murine bronchioalveolar stem cells play a key role in pulmonary epithelial maintenance and repair but their molecular profile is poorly described so far. In this study, we used antibodies directed against Sca-1 and CD34, two markers originally ascribed to pulmonary cells harboring regenerative potential, to isolate single putative stem cells from murine lung tissue. The mean detection rate of positive cells was 8 per 106 lung cells. We then isolated and globally amplified the mRNA of positive cells to analyze gene expression in single cells. The resulting amplicons were then used for molecular profiling by transcript specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and global gene expression analysis using microarrays. Single marker-positive cells displayed a striking heterogeneity for the expression of epithelial and mesenchymal transcripts on the single cell level. Nevertheless, they could be subdivided into two cell populations: Sca-1+/CD34- and Sca-1+/CD34+ cells. In these subpopulations, transcripts of the epithelial marker Epcam (CD326) were exclusively detected in Sca-1+/CD34- cells (p = 0.03), whereas mRNA of the mesenchymal marker Pdgfrα (CD140a) was detected in both subpopulations and more frequently in Sca-1+/CD34+ cells (p = 0.04). FACS analysis confirmed the existence of a Pdgfrα positive subpopulation within Epcam+/Sca-1+/CD34- epithelial cells. Gene expression analysis by microarray hybridization identified transcripts differentially expressed between the two cell types as well as between epithelial reference cells and Sca-1+/CD34+ single cells, and selected transcripts were validated by quantitative PCR. Our results suggest a more mesenchymal commitment of Sca-1+/CD34+ cells and a more epithelial commitment of Sca-1+/CD34- cells. In summary, the study shows that single cell analysis enables the identification of novel molecular markers in yet poorly characterized populations of rare cells. Our results could further improve our understanding of Sca-1+/CD34+,- cells in the biology of the murine lung. Single cells of 10 Sca-1+/CD34+/CD31-/CD45-, 7 Sca-1+/CD34-/CD31-/CD45-, and 12 Sca-1-/CD34-/CD31-/CD45- were analyzed. Although the raw data are two channel only Cy5 signal of each file as analyzed. The Cy5 channel for each gene is normalized to the average Cy5 intensity of the gene across all samples.
Project description:We generated a collection of 13 plasmids, with each plasmid containing a variant of a CRISPR protospacer targeted by spacer 8 of the E. coli CRISPR-I array. We transformed the plasmids as a pool into delta cas3 E. coli cells expressing all other cas genes constitutively. We then transformed these cells with either an empty vector or a plasmid expressing the Cas3 nuclease. DNA surrounding the protospacers was PCR-amplified and sequenced.
Project description:We have mapped regulatory loci for nearly all protein coding genes in the mammalian genome using microarray measurements from a panel of mouse/hamster radiation hybrids. Proof of principle transfection experiment. Pcdh7 (a gene identified as being a regulator of many genes) is transfected into A23 and HEK cells and compared to A23 and HEK cells transfected with an empty vector. Upregulated genes predicted by our approach are compared with the transfection experiments Experiment Overall Design: There are 4 microarrays. The first two are biological replicates of A23 (transfected with Pcdh7, labeled with cy5) / A23 (tranfected with empty vector, labeled with cy3). The second two are biological replicates of HEK (transfected with Pcdh7, labeled with cy5) / HEK (tranfected with empty vector, labeled with cy3).
Project description:PCR read-off microarrays: The ability to efficiently and economically generate libraries of defined pieces of DNA would have a myriad of applications, not least in the area of defined or directed sequencing and synthetic biology, such as protein engineering and aptamer library screening, but also in applications associated with encoding and tagging. By this approach DNA microarrays were used to allow the linear amplification off immobilized DNA sequences on an array followed by PCR amplification. Arrays of increasing sophistication (1; 10; 3,875; 10,000 defined sequences) were used to validate the process, with sequences verified by selective hybridization to a complementary DNA microarray and DNA sequencing. This technique offers an economical and efficient way of producing hundreds to thousands of specific DNA libraries, while the DNA-arrays can be used as factories allowing specific DNA oligonucleotide pools to be generated with or without masking.
Project description:RNA transcripts are distributed non-uniformly in the oocytes of many animals, such that newly-divided embryo cells (blastomeres) inherit distinct transcriptomes following fertilization. In animals such as the frog, Xenopus laevis, programmed transcript regionalization directs early embryonic axis formation and is essential for normal development. However, it is unknown whether such transcriptome asymmetry directs embryogenesis in mammals, or indeed, whether it occurs at all. We here address this by transcript profiling of matching sub-cellular structures and single cells in mouse oocytes and early embryos and analytical strategies exploiting the paired data structure. Spindle samples contained a set of transcripts that was distinguishable from that of the unfertilized metaphase II (mII) oocytes from which each spindle was microsurgically dissected. Immediately following fertilization, cytokinesis produces a 1-cell embryo (zygote) and associated spindle-enriched second polar body (Pb2) whose transcript profiles also differed one from the other, partially reflecting the enrichment of spindle-associated transcripts. Non-uniform transcript distribution within zygotes did not lead to programmed transcriptome asymmetry between the blastomeres of nascent two-cell embryos, or between the second mitotic products of 3-cell embryos. These findings suggest that mammalian oocytes and zygotes exhibit transcript regionalization without subsequent transcriptome asymmetries between respective early mitotic products. This contrasts the situation in Xenopus and places constraints on the ability of maternal transcriptomic prepatterning to prescribe early mammalian development. 16 Zygote vs. Polar body pairs, 10 spindle vs. oocyte pairs, 22 2-cell embryos and 8 3-cell embryos were analysed. Although the raw data are two channel, only the Cy5 signal of each file was analyzed. The Cy5 channel for each gene is normalized to the average Cy5 intensity of the gene across all samples.