Analysis of the honey bee brain transcriptome from nurses and forager bees
ABSTRACT: New insights into the transcriptional regulation of behavioral plasticity in honey bees gained by analyzing brain genes expression with the CAGEscan technique that involves identification of specific transcription factors, cis regulatory motifs and alternate transcriptional start sites Examination of 2 different types of Honey Bee Apis Mellifera samples (Nurse and Foragers)
SUBMITTER: Yulia A Medvedeva Vladimir B Bajic Matthias Harbers Boris R Jankovic Adam R Hamilton Boris Umilny Tanvir Alam Gene E Robinson Makoto Suzuki Nicholas L Naeger Magbubah Essack Abdullah M Khamis Intikhab Alam
Project description:This experiment examines gene expression profiles in individual honey bee brains (adult worker Apis mellifera). The purpose is to test whether behavioral phenotype can be predicted by expression profiles in individual brains in a naturalistic context (i.e., colonies in the field). The two behavioral phenotypes examined are 'nurse' and 'forager'. Other factors examined are age, genotype (full-sister group), and colony environment.<br><br> An additional processed data file is available on the FTP site for this experiment.
Project description:The aim of this work was to extend the previous gene expression analysis of nurse and forager gene expression, but using the Apis oligo-array designed from the recently sequenced genome. This study included 28000 features which included ~11000 predicted genes. The intial study was done using a microarray design based on PCR products of 5500 features derived from an expressed sequence tag analysis of a brain cDNA library. The variables studied were age (young and old), cast (nurse and forager) and differential gene expression.
Project description:The Varroa mite represents the main threat of honey bees (Apis mellifera). Bees from some colonies can limit the proliferation of this parasite by detecting and removing parasitized brood, such behavior is defined as Varroa sensitive Hygiene (VSH). This is an important issue for selecting colonies that can survive Varroa outbreaks. We therefore study the molecular meachnisms underlying this behavior by comparing the antennae transcriptomic profile of VSH and non-VSH bees. Those profiles were further compared to to the profiles of nurses and forager profiles involved in brood care and food collection, respectively. Overall design: mRNA profiling of bees performing or not Varroa hygienic behavior (4 replicates) and nurse and forager bees (2-3 replicates)
Project description:Honey bees move through a series of in-hive tasks (“nursing”) to outside tasks (“foraging”) that coincident with an intense increase in metabolic activity. Social context can cause worker bees to speed up, or slow down this process and foragers may revert back to their earlier in hive tasks accompanied by reversion to earlier physiological states. To determine if the transcriptional profile of forager bees can revert, or if the effects of flight on gene expression are irreversible, we used whole-genome microarrays. Brain tissue and flight muscle exhibited independent patterns of expression during behavioral transitions, with patterns of expression in the brain reflecting both age and behavior, while flight muscle exhibited primarily age-related patterns of expression. Our data suggest that the transition from little to no flight (nurse) to intense flight (forager), rather than the amount of flight has a major effect on gene expression. Following behavioral reversion there was a partial reversion in gene expression but some aspects of forager expression patterns, such as those for genes involved in immune function, remained. These data suggest an epigenetic control and energy balance role in honey bee functional senescence. Brains and thoraces from the same individuals of all behavioral groups were compared on a total of 132 arrays. The samples were hybridized against each other using a loop design. The groups tested are outlined as follows: Typical aged nurse 'YN' (8-10 days old; <1 day flight experience), Precocious forager 'PF' (8 to 10 days old; 2 to 3 days flight experience), Overaged nurse 'ON' (19 to 22 days old; < 1 day flight experience), Forager - low flight 'TFL' (19 to 22 days old; 2 to 3 days flight experience), Forager - high flight 'TFH' ( 19 to 22 days old; 7 to 9 days flight experience), Forager - old 'OF' (25 to 26 days old; 10 to 12 days flight experience), Reverted nurse 'RN' (25 to 26 days old; 7 to 9 days flight experience). The comparisons are outlined as follows: YN:ON (6 arrays), ON:RN (6 arrays), RN:TFH (6 arrays), TFH:TFL (6 arrays), TFL:PF (6 arrays), PF:YN (6 arrays), ON:TFL (12 arrays), YN:OF (6 arrays), OF:RN (6 arrays), RN:YN (6 arrays). Each comparison was done for individual brains and thoraces. Total: 132 arrays
Project description:Transcriptome sequencing has become the main methodology for analyzing the relationship between genes and characteristics of interests, particularly those associated with diseases and economic traits. Because of its functional superiority, commercial royal jelly (RJ) and its production are major areas of focus in the field of apiculture. Multiple lines of evidence have demonstrated that many factors affect RJ output by activating or inhibiting various target genes and signaling pathways to augment their efficient replication. The coding sequences made available by the Honey Bee Genome Sequencing Consortium have permitted a pathway-based approach for investigating the development of the hypopharyngeal glands (HGs). In the present study, 3573941, 3562730, 3551541, 3524453, and 3615558 clean reads were obtained from the HGs of five full-sister honey bee samples using Solexa RNA sequencing technology. These reads were then assembled into 18378, 17785, 17065, 17105, and 17995 unigenes, respectively, and aligned to the DFCI Honey Bee Gene Index database. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) data were also correlated with detailed morphological data for HGs acini. The results identify areas that warrant further study, including those that can be used to improve honey bee breeding techniques and help ensure stable yields of RJ with high quality traits. The 5 samples at given time (d3, d6, d9, d12, d16 after adult worker bees emergence from the comb) are in the critical stage of the RJ secretion and HGs developments indicated (triggered) the further caste differentiation (worker bees and queen) and task switch (nurse bees and foragers). 30 pooled heads of each samples were
Project description:Expression profiling of brains of free-flying forager bees and hive-restricted bees that rushed toward the hive entrance when the screen was removed, apparently to attempt to forage.
Project description:Scouts and non-scouts (recruits) were collected by using a novelty-seeking assay. Experiment was conducted in a large outdoor screened enclosure, which enabled us to exert complete control over the location and number of food resources while at the same time studying naturalistic honey bee foraging behavior. Foragers were first trained to a color-marked training feeder that contained unscented 50% sucrose solution (m/v); this initially was the only food source available to them. After 2-3 days of training, a novel feeder was set up in another location in the enclosure, with different color markings and an odor cue. The training feeder was maintained, providing the bees with two possible foraging locations, a familiar and a novel. Scouts were identified as bees that switched foraging from the training feeder to the novel feeder; only bees seen foraging at the novel feeder two or more times and at least once at the training feeder were collected as scouts. Non-scouts (recruits) were collected at the end of the experiments; these were bees that continued to forage at the training feeder, and were never observed to switch to the novel feeder.
Project description:This experiment examines gene expression profiles in the brains of adult honey bee workers (Apis mellifera) performing different behavioral tasks in the hive. The different behavioral groups examined were nurse, comb builder, guard, undertaker, and forager. The comb builder, guard, and undertaker behavioral groups perform their respective tasks over a relatively short time scale (typically 1 day), while nursing and foraging are longer duration (lasting > 1 week). The purpose of this study was to examine whether behaviors that persist over different time scales are associated with differences in the extent of gene expression changes in the brain.