Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

238

Sensing the end: how TUT7 controls the fate of precursor microRNAs by uridylation


ABSTRACT: Terminal uridylyl transferases (TUTs) function as integral regulators of microRNA (miRNA) biogenesis by modifying the end structure of precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA). Using biochemistry and deep sequencing techniques, we here investigate the mechanism how human TUT7 recognizes and uridylates pre-miRNAs. We show that the overhang of a pre-miRNA is the key structural element that TUT7 and its paralogues, TUT4 and TUT2, recognize. For group II pre-miRNAs which have a 1 nt 3’ overhang, TUT7 restores the canonical end structure (2 nt 3’ overhang) by mono-uridylation, and thereby promotes miRNA biogenesis. Interestingly, once the 3’ end is receded into the stem (3’ trimmed pre-miRNAs such as Ago-cleaved-pre-miRNA), TUT7 effectively generates an oligo-U tail that consequently leads to degradation. Our single-molecule study further suggests that a distributive mode is employed for both pathways, but the overhang length determines the frequency of TUT7-RNA interaction. Our results explain how TUT7 and TUT4 differentiate pre-miRNA species and reveal a role for TUT7 and TUT4 in the oligo-uridylation and removal of defective pre-miRNAs. HeLa cells were knocked down of control or TUT2/4/7, then total RNAs were prepared for RNA-seq

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Boseon Kim   Hyeshik Chang  V N Kim 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-64482 | ArrayExpress | 2015-04-30

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): SRP051515GSE64482PRJNA271095

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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