Comparison of gene expression profiles between the CD110+ tumor initiating cells from primary colorectal tumors and their liver metastases.
ABSTRACT: We established an in vivo model of organ-specific colorectal cancer metastasis and demonstrated that the CD110+ tumor initiating cells contribute for colorectal liver metastasis. To gain a deeper understanding of its metastatic capacity, we performed a genome-wide transcriptome analysis on the CD110+ tumor cells derived from primary colon xenografts and their matched liver metastases. Results provide important information of the responses of the CD110+ cells during the process of liver colonization. Total RNA obtained from the CD110+ cells sorted from primary colorectal tumors (CRC102-PT and CRC108-PT) compared to those from the corresponding liver metastases (CRC102-LM and CRC108-LM).
Project description:Comparison of expression profiles of primary colorectal cancers with liver metastases of the same patient. Additionally, expression data of normal colon and liver tissue. Abstract of publication will be included upon publication Keywords: expression profiling, colorectal cancer, colon cancer, liver metastasis, normal colonic tissue, normal liver tissue RNA of 18 primary colorectal cancers, 18 matched liver metastases, 7 normal colon epithelium samples and 5 normal liver tissue samples hybridized on Human Sentrix-6 V2 (Illumina)
Project description:We obtained fibroblast cultures from fresh surgical specimen ressected from patients with primary colorectal carcinoma: normal colonic fibroblasts (NCF=9) from the normal colonic mucosa at least 5-10cm from the surgical margin, carcinoma-associated fibroblasts from the primary tumor (CAF-PT=14) and carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAF-LM=11) from fresh surgical specimens of liver metastases. We identified 277 probes, in common between the three types of fibroblasts, whose expression level is sequentially deregulated according to cancer progression (NCF→CAF-PT→CAF-LM; fold change Log2 normalized expression>1.5 in each step). Prediction Analysis of Microarrays was applied to obtain a 25-gene signature that better characterizes each fibroblast class. The signature is able to classify patients carrying primary tumors according to prognosis. This fact was exploited to obtain a 19-gene signature (from the 277 deregulated probes) predicting recurrence with high accuracy in stage II/III colorectal cancer patients. Signature validation has been carried out in two independent datasets and in a meta-cohort of 336 stage II/III patients. Since the 25-gene signature was obtained regardless of gene expression data of tumor specimens or patient’s clinical data, the prognostic power of this signature provides strong evidence of the link between the tumor stroma and cancer progression. Furthermore, the 19-gene signature was able to identify low-risk patients with very high accuracy, especially relevant for those high-risk stage-II patients. We hybridised fibroblast RNA in Affymetrix GeneChip 1.0 st arrays
Project description:The purpose of this study is to identify miRNAs involved in the pathology of colorectal cancer (CRC) liver metastasis and investigate their underlying mechanisms. A total of 39 miRNAs were identified to be differentially expressed between 16 primary CRC tissues with liver metastases and 16 CRC tissues without liver metastases from 32 patients by Affymetric miRNA microarrays. 16 coloretcal cancer tissues with liver metastasis and 16 colorectal cancer tissues without liver metastasis were included in this study for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. We sought to identify the differentially expressed miRNAs between colorectal cancer tissues with and without liver metastasis.
Project description:In this study, we explored the molecular basis of site-specific metastasis of breast cancer to the lungs in a clinically relevant model based on the JygMC(A) cell line. In this dataset, we include expression data from JygMC(A) primary mammary tumors, lung metastases, normal mammary glands and normal lung parenchyma. In total, 28 samples were analyzed. We generated the following pairwise comparisons using Partek Genomic Suite 6.6 (PGS, Version 6.6, Partek Inc.): PT vs. NMG; PT vs. LM; LM vs. NL; LM vs. NMG. Genes with an FDR-adjusted p-value < 0.05 and a fold-change > 2 were selected.
Project description:In order to clarify the gene expression and identify genes involved in tumor progression, gene expression profiling was performed on tumor specimens. Samples comprised 18 primary tumors, 17 lymph node (LN) metastases and 7 liver metastases. Patients were grouped according to clinical data and histopathology into indolent or progressive course. RNA was subjected to a spotted oligo microarray and B-statistics were performed. Differentially expressed genes were verified using quantitative RT-PCR. Self-organising maps demonstrated three clusters. Eleven primary tumors separated in one cluster, 5 LN metastases in another whereas all liver metastases, 7 primary and 12 LN metastases, formed a third cluster. There was no correlation between indolent and progressive behaviour. The primary tumors with Ki67 > 5%, with low frequency of the carcinoid syndrome and a tendency towards shorter survival grouped together. Primary tumors differed in expression profile from their associated LN metastases. ACTG2, GREM2, REG3A, TUSC2, RUNX1, TPH1, TGFBR2 and CDH6 were differentially expressed between clusters and subgroups of tumors. The expression profile that assembles tumors as being genetically similar on the RNA expression level may not be concordant with the clinical disease course. This study reveals different gene expression profiles and novel genes not previously known to be involved in neuroendocrine tumorigenesis, and which may be of importance for tumor progression. Gene expression comparisons between 18 primary tumors, 17 lymph node metastases and 7 liver metastases.
Project description:Small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors (SI-NETs) arise from serotonin-producing enterochromaffin cells. SI-NETs are often well-differentiated tumors and most patients have regional or distant metastases at initial presentation. MicroRNAs (miRs) are post-transcriptional regulators which are important in diverse biological processes and can function as tumor suppressor genes or oncogenes. This study aims to identify an exclusive SI-NETs miR profile that may have a critical role in development, diagnosis, prognosis and progression of these malignancies. Five human NET cell lines, one octreotide-treated CNDT2.5 cells, one microdissected normal enterochromaffin cells, three snap-frozen normal ileum specimens and 15 SI-NET specimens at different stage of malignancy, five primary tumors, five mesentery metastases and five liver metastases, were included in this study. Total RNA was hybridized onto Affymetrix GeneChip® miR arrays for genome-wide profiling. Array data summarization, normalization, and quality control were performed using miRNA QC Tool software.
Project description:In human breast cancer, mortality is associated with metastasis to distant sites. Therefore, it is critical to elucidate the biological mechanisms that underlie tumor progression and metastasis. Using signaling pathway signatures we previously predicted a role for E2F transcription factors in Myc induced tumors. To test this role we interbred MMTV-Myc transgenic mice with E2F knockouts. Surprisingly, we observed that the loss of E2F2 sharply increased the percentage of lung metastasis in MMTV-Myc transgenic mice. Examining the gene expression profile from these tumors, we identified genetic components that were potentially involved in mediating metastasis. These genes were filtered to uncover the genes involved in metastasis that also impacted distant metastasis free survival in human breast cancer. In order to elucidate the mechanism by which E2F2 loss enhanced metastasis we generated knockdowns of E2F2 in MDA-MB-231 cells and observed increased migration in vitro and increased lung colonization in vivo. We then examined genes that were differentially regulated between tumors from MMTV-Myc, MMTV-Myc E2F2-/-, and lung metastases samples and identified PTPRD. To test the role of PTPRD in E2F2-mediated breast cancer metastasis, we generated a knockdown of PTPRD in MDA-MB-231 cells. We noted that decreased levels of PTPRD resulted in decreased migration in vitro and decreased lung colonization in vivo. Taken together, these data indicate that E2F2 loss results in increased metastasis in breast cancer, potentially functioning through a PTPRD dependent mechanism. Lung metastases from MMTV-Myc tumors in a E2F2 knockout and E2F3 +/- backgrounds were analyzed for their gene expression profile
Project description:Goal for this study is to identified miRNA involved in metastasis development using PLC8024 and MHCC97H derived cell lines. PLC8024 derived cell lines, PLC-PT (Primary Tumor) and PLC-LM (Lung Metastasis), and MHCC97H derived cell lines, MHCC97H-PT and MHCC97H-LM were compared using the Ncode miRNA microarray platform. The experiment were repeat twice with dye-swap.
Project description:Breast cancer metastasis to bone is a critical determinant of long-term survival after treatment of primary tumors. We used a mouse model of spontaneous bone metastasis to determine new molecular mechanisms. Differential transcriptome comparisons of primary and metastatic tumor cells revealed that a substantial set of genes suppressed in bone metastases were highly enriched for promoter elements for the type I interferon (IFN) regulatory factor, Irf7, itself suppressed in mouse and human metastases. The critical function of the Irf7 pathway was demonstrated by restoration of exogenous Irf7 or systemic interferon administration, which significantly reduced bone metastases and prolonged metastasis-free survival. Using mice deficient in the type I receptor (Ifnar1-/-) or mature B, T and NK cell responses (NOD Scid IL-2rγ-/- mice), we demonstrated that Irf7-driven suppression of metastasis was reliant on IFN signaling to host immune cells. Metastasis suppression correlated with decreased accumulation of myeloid-derived suppressor cells and increased CD4++, CD8 T cells and NK cells in the peripheral blood and was reversed by depletion of CD8+ cells and NK cells. Clinical importance of our findings was demonstrated as increased primary tumor Irf7 expression predicted prolonged bone and lung metastasis-free survival. Thus we report for the first time, a novel innate immune pathway, intrinsic to breast cancer cells, whose suppression in turn restricts systemic immunosurveillance to enable metastasis. This pathway may constitute a novel therapeutic target for restricting breast cancer metastases. Microarrays were used to profile transcriptional alterations inherent in tumor cells growing in bone when compared to matched primary tumor cells in the 4T1.2 murine mammary tumor model. Primary and metastasized tumor were isolated from the same mouse with 4 independent biological replicates.
Project description:Comparison of genomic alterations of primary colorectal cancers with liver metastases of the same patient Keywords: array CGH, colorectal cancer, colon cancer, liver metastasis 21 primary colorectal cancers and 21 matched liver metastases hybridized against sex-matched control pools