Project description:We provide ChIP-Seq analysis of Egr2 and Sox10 transcription factor binding in Schwann cells of rat peripheral nerve ChIP-Seq analysis of Egr2 and Sox10 binding in P15 rat sciatic nerve. Wiggle files of negative log of posterior probability determined by Mosaics.
Project description:The NuRD complex is required for efficient and timely myelination in the peripheral nervous system. ChIP-chip assays were performed on rat sciatic nerve at P15, a peak timepoint of myelination, for binding of Chd4 to genes involved in regulating myelin formation. This experiment includes two custom ChIP-chip design incorporating many genes that are dynamically regulated during myelination. The antibodies used in this platform were Chd3/4 (Santa Cruz sc-11378) Chd4 (gift from Paul Wade), Mta2 (Santa Cruz sc-9447), and Nab2 (Santa Cruz sc-22815). Chd4 ChIP samples from experimental and input samples were hybridized.
Project description:Here we show that pan-haematopoietic ERG expression driven by the Vav promoter induces an early progenitor myeloid leukemia in transgenic mice. Integrated genome-scale analysis of gene expression and ERG binding profiles revealed that ERG activates a transcriptional program similar to human AML stem/progenitor cells and human AML with high ERG expression. We further show that ERG induces expression of the Pim1 kinase oncogene through a novel enhancer element validated in transgenic mice, and Pim1 inhibition disrupts growth and induces apoptosis of ERG-driven leukemic cells. In addition, ERG indirectly induces the RAS pathway and direct RAS inhibition by a RAS inhibitor blocks growth of leukemia cells in vitro and in vivo. Thus, integrative genomic analysis of transgenic ERG leukemias reveals mechanisms and potential therapeutic targets of high ERG expressing AML. Spleen cells were fixed with 1% formaldehyde and ChIP assays were performed as previously described (Wilson NK et al., 2010 Cell Stem Cell) using polyclonal antibodies against ERG-1/2/3 (clone C-17, Sc354X, Santa Cruz) and control nonspecific rabbit IgG (I5006, Sigma).
Project description:The goal of this study is to understand the genome-wide alterations in chromatin landscape induced by a histone mutation (H3.3K36M) derived from chondroblastomas Examination of genome-wide Cbx2 distribution in cells expressing H3.3WT and H3.3K36M.
Project description:The goal of this study is to understand the genome-wide alterations in chromatin landscape induced by a histone mutation (H3.3K36M) derived from chondroblastomas Examination of genome-wide Ring1b distribution in cells expressing H3.3WT and H3.3K36M.
Project description:Metabolic homeostasis in mammals critically depends on the regulation of fasting-induced genes by CREB in the liver. Previous genome-wide analysis has shown that only a small percentage of CREB target genes are induced in response to fasting-associated signaling pathways. The precise molecular mechanisms by which CREB specifically targets these genes in response to alternating hormonal cues remain to be elucidated. We performed chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled to high-throughput sequencing of CREB in livers from both fasted and re-fed mice. In order to quantitatively compare the extent of CREB-DNA interactions genome-wide between these two physiological conditions we developed a novel, robust analysis method, termed the ‘single sample independence’ (SSI) test that greatly reduced the number of false positive peaks. We found that CREB remains constitutively bound to its target genes in the liver regardless of the metabolic state. Integration of the CREB cistrome with expression microarrays of fasted and re-fed mouse livers and ChIP-seq data for additional transcription factors revealed that the gene expression switches between the fasted and fed states are associated with co-localization of additional transcription factors at CREB sites. Our results support a model in which CREB is constitutively bound to thousands of potential target genes and combinatorial interactions between DNA-binding factors are necessary to achieve the specific transcriptional response of the liver to fasting. Furthermore, our genome-wide analysis identifies thousands of novel CREB target genes in liver, including a previously unknown role for CREB in regulating ER stress genes in response to nutrient influx. CREB ChIP-seq was performed on mouse liver from fasted and re-fed mice, using 5 separate biological replicates for each condition. GR and C/EBP(beta) ChIP-seq were performed as single replicates on ad-lib fed mice.
Project description:Pluripotent cell identity comprises a spectrum of cell states including naive and primed states, which are typified by mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and epiblast-derived stem cells (EpiSCs), respectively. Here we define a pluripotent cell fate (PCF) gene signature based on RNA-seq analysis associated with naive and primed pluripotency acquisition, and identify Zfp281 as a key transcriptional regulator for primed pluripotency and also as a barrier to achieve the naive pluripotency of both mouse and human ESCs. RNA sequencing analysis was performed in WT and Zfp281 null mouse embryonic stem cells under different pluripotent culture conditions. RNA-seq Experiments were carry out in two biological replciates. Genome binding/occupancy profiling of Zfp281 was performed in mouse embryonic stem cells by ChIP sequencing.
Project description:Ten-Elven Translocation (TET) proteins oxidize 5-methylcytosine (5mC) to 5-hydroxymethylcytonsie (5hmC). Our recent work found a decline in global 5hmC level in mouse kidney insulted by ischemia reperfusion (IR). However, the genomic distribution of 5hmC in mouse kidney and its relationship with gene expression remain elusive. Here, we profiled the DNA hydroxymethylome of mouse kidney by hMeDIP-seq and revealed that 5hmC is enriched in genic regions but depleted from intergenic regions. Correlation analyses showed that 5hmC enrichment in gene body is positively associated with gene expression level in mouse kidney. Moreover, IR injury-associated genes (both up- and down-regulated genes during renal IR injury) in mouse kidney exhibit significantly higher 5hmC enrichment in their gene body regions when compared to those un-changed genes. Collectively, our study not only provides the first DNA hydroxmethylome of kidney tissues but also suggests that DNA hyper-hydroxymethylation in gene body may be a novel epigenetic mark of IR injury-associated genes. Eamination of the genome-wide distribution of 5-hydroxymethylcytosine in mouse kidney tissues
Project description:Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), the process whereby cells gain migratory and invasive properties characteristic of mesenchymal cells, plays a central role in embryogenesis and wound healing in a wide range of tissues. However, EMT has also been linked to the formation of cancer stem cells (CSCs). Many of the signaling pathways involved in EMT have also been implicated in CSC formation but the processes that contribute uniquely to CSC formation remain elusive. We have previously demonstrated that PKCθ activation is critical for EMT induction and concomitant CSC formation in the breast cancer luminal epithelial cell line, MCF7. To discover how PKC-induced alterations in the epigenome influence the EMT and CSC formation in MCF-7 cells, we employed a combination of expression profiling and Formaldehyde Assisted Regulatory Elements (FAIRE)-sequencing in order to reveal novel links between gene expression and DNA accessibility changes after PKCθ activation. We found that, during EMT, increases in accessibility generally occurred in regions away from transcription start sites, low in CpG, enriched with chromatin marks of enhancer elements and motifs for FOX, AP1, TEAD and AP2. Increases in FOX and AP-1 motif accessibility were associated with genes that exhibited increased expression in CSC, while increased AP-2 accessibility was associated with genes that had higher expression in non-CSCs. This study revealed novel regions of DNA accessibility induced by PKC that contribute to the understanding of how epigenomic plasticity of cells undergoing EMT leads to the activation of genes that drive the CSC program. 2 biological samples were analysed with 2 biological replicates each and a mixed total input.