Expression data from RhoA-null and wildtype keratinocytes
ABSTRACT: Using mice with a keratinocyte-restricted deletion of the RhoA gene, we explored its role in the regulation of gene expression in vivo and in vitro RNA was isolated from RhoA-null or wildtype keratinocytes, in two different conditions, freshly isolated (in vivo) or cultured (in vitro), using the RNeasy kit (Qiagen, Germany). Hybridization to GeneChip Mouse Genome 430 2.0 Array (Affymetrix, Santa Clara, CA) was carried out at the Copenhagen University Hospital Microarray Center using standard protocols. 2 biological replicates were analyzed for each in vivo genotype (2 samples from RhoA-null, 2 from wildtype), while 3 replicates for each in vitro genotype.
Project description:Generation of human fibroblast-derived hepatocytes capable of extensive proliferation, as evidenced by significant liver repopulation of mice. Unlike current protocols for deriving hepatocytes from human fibroblasts, ours did not generate iPSCs, but shortcut reprogramming to pluripotency to generate an induced multipotent progenitor cell (iMPC) stage from which endoderm progenitor cells (iMPC-EPCs) and subsequently hepatocytes (iMPC-Heps) could be efficiently differentiated. After transplantation into an immune-deficient mouse model of human liver failure, iMPC-Heps were able to engraft and proliferate, and acquired levels of hepatocyte function similar to adult hepatocytes. Microarray analysis has been used to show: 1. post-transplant maturation in vivo of iMPC-Heps compared to aHeps, 2. differences between iMPC-Heps and freshly isolated aHeps in vitro, 3. similar profile of freshly isolated aHeps to aHeps and iMPC-Heps in vivo, and 4. similarities of expression levels of most, but not all, genes between iMPC-Heps and iPSC-Heps in vitro. We isolated repopulating nodules of iMPC-Heps and aHeps by laser-capture microscopy (LCM) around 9 months after transplantation and analyzed their gene expression on the microarray, together with RNA from in vitro samples.
Project description:Generation of haploid gametes in vitro can potentially address gamete failure-based infertility.This study reports complete in vitro meiosis from murine ESC-derived PGCLCs resulting in the formation of male spermatid-like cells (SLCs) capable of producing viable fertile offspring via intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).Our findings provide the basis for generation of haploid spermatids in vitro in human, the generation of transgenic animals, and the use of this system to investigate mechanisms of meiosis. We used microarrays to compare gene expression profiles of in vivo and in vitro derived PGC cells and round spermatids. We collected E12.5 male fatal PGCs, PGCLC in vitro, round spermatids and spermatids like cells produced in vitro, each sample has 3 replications.
Project description:Temporal changes in the embryo transcriptome between the blastocyst stage (Day 7) and initiation of elongation (Day 13) differ between in vivo- and in vitro-derived embryos and are reflective of subsequent developmental fate. The aim of this study was to examine the temporal changes in transcriptional profile as the embryo develops from a spherical blastocyst on Day 7 to an ovoid conceptus at the initiation of elongation on Day 13 and to highlight differences in these temporal gene expression dynamics between in vivo- and in vitro-derived blastocysts which may be associated with embryonic survival/mortality using the bovine Affymetrix microarray. All embryos were produced either in vitro by IVF or in vivo by superovulation. A proportion of Day 7 blastocysts were snap frozen and the remainder were transferred (n=10 per recipient) to synchronized heifers, recovered on Day 13 and snap frozen individually. Three pools of Day 7 blastocysts (n=25 per pool for in vitro and in vivo, respectively) and three pools of Day 13 conceptuses (n=5 per pool, for in vivo and in vitro) were used for microarray. analysis.
Project description:Microarray analysis of rhabdomyosarcomas generated using mice with conditional mutations in Kras and p53 using both in vivo and in vitro approaches to identify a cell of origin for rhabdomyosarcoma. Contains rhabdomyosarcomas derived in vivo using Pax7-CreER mice and in vitro using sorted muscle progenitor cells, UPS derived from intramuscular Adeno-Cre injection, and normal muscle.
Project description:Little is known of the transcriptome of in vivo-grown pollen tubes, due to the difficulty of collection of pollen tubes elongating within the maternal gynoecium.We obtained the mRNAs undergoing translation (the translatome) of in vivo-grown pollen tubes from self-pollinated gynoecia of Arabidopsis thaliana(Col-0). Transgenic Arabidopsis plants (LAT52-HF-RPL18) harboring an epitope tagged ribosomal protein L18 driven by the pollen specific promoter (ProLAT52) were used for mRNA-ribosome complex isolation. After collection of polyribosomal (polysomal) complexes from self-pollinated (in vivo), unpollinated styles (buds), and in vitro-cultured pollen tubes, the actively translated mRNAs (the translatome) were purified, amplified to antisense RNA (aRNA). These aRNAs were hybridized to microarrays.Three independent biological replicates samples of aRNA from Bud, in vivo, and in vitro polysomal mRNA (translatomes) were hybridized to GeneChips to produce CEL files.
Project description:Haploid cells are amenable for genetic analysis because they contain only one set of chromosomes. Here,we report the derivation of haESCs from monkey parthenogenic blastocysts. These cells, which we designated PG-haESCs (parthenogenic haploid embryonic stem cells), express classical ESC markers, are pluripotent, and can differentiate to different cell lines from all three embryonic germ layers in vivo and in vitro. We used microarrays to compare the gene expression levels among PG-haESC, ICSI-derived ESCs and female monkey somatic fibroblasts. We used ICSI-derived ESCs and somatic fibroblasts isloated from female individuals as control. Gene expression profiles of all the cell lines were analysed on an Affymetrix Rhesus Macaque array.
Project description:Lipid remodeling is crucial for hypoxic tolerance in animals, whilst little is known about the hypoxia-induced lipid dynamics in plant cells. Here we performed a mass spectrometry-based analysis to survey the lipid profiles of Arabidopsis rosettes under various hypoxic conditions. We observed that hypoxia caused a significant increase in total amounts of phosphatidylserine, phosphatidic acid and oxylipins, but a decrease in phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE). Particularly, significant gains in the polyunsaturated species of PC, PE and phosphatidylinositol, and losses in their saturated and mono-unsaturated species were evident during hypoxia. Moreover, hypoxia led to a remarkable elevation of ceramides and hydroxyceramides. Depletion of ceramide synthases LOH1, LOH2, and LOH3 enhanced plant sensitivity to dark submergence (DS), but displayed more resistance to submergence under light than wild type. Consistently, levels of unsaturated ceramide species (22:1, 24:1, and 26:1) predominantly declined in the loh1, loh2, and loh3 mutants under DS. Evidence that C24:1-ceramide interacted with recombinant CTR1 protein in vitro, enhanced ER-to-nucleus translocation of EIN2-GFP and stabilization of EIN3-GFP in vivo, suggests a role of ceramides in modulating ethylene signaling. The DS-sensitive phenotypes of loh mutants were rescued by a ctr1-1 mutation. Thus, our findings demonstrate that unsaturation of very-long-chain ceramides is a protective strategy for hypoxic tolerance in Arabidopsis. Arabidopsis Affymetrix GeneChip arrays were probed with RNAs isolated from leaves of untreated plants (controls) and plants upon hypoxia under light submergence for 48 h.
Project description:Children with Down syndrome (DS) have a 20-fold increased risk of developing B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). Polysomy 21 (i.e., extra copies of chr.21) is also the most frequent somatic aneuploidy among all B-ALLs. Additional B-ALLs harbor intrachromosomal amplifications of chr.21q22 (iAMP21). Yet, the mechanistic links between chr.21q22 triplication and B-ALL remain undefined. Here we show that germline triplication of only 31 genes orthologous to human chr.21q22 is sufficient to confer murine B cell self-renewal in vitro, B cell maturation defects in vivo, and B-ALL in concert with either BCR-ABL or CRLF2 with activated JAK2. Chr.21q22 triplication suppresses H3K27me3 in murine progenitor B cells and B-ALLs, and “bivalent” genes with both H3K27me3 and H3K4me3 at their promoters in wild-type progenitor B cells are preferentially overexpressed in triplicated cells. Strikingly, human B-ALLs with polysomy 21 are distinguished by their overexpression of genes known to be marked with H3K27me3 in multiple cell types. Finally, overexpression of HMGN1, a nucleosome remodeling protein encoded on chr.21q22, suppresses H3K27me3 and promotes both B cell proliferation in vitro and B-ALL in vivo. These data implicate HMGN1 overexpression and loss of H3K27me3 in progenitor B cell transformation and suggest strategies to target leukemias with polysomy 21. Gene expression analysis of 8 samples, 4 wild-type and 4 HMGN1 overexpressing transgenic B cells
Project description:Haploid stem cells offer an easy-to-manipulate genetic system and therefore have great values for studies of recessive phenotypes. Here, we show that mouse androgenetic haploid ES (ahES) cell lines can be established by transferring sperm into enucleated oocyte. The ahES cells maintain haploidy and stable growth over 30 passages, express pluripotent markers, possess the ability to differentiate into all three germ-layers in vitro and in vivo, and contribute to germline of chimeras when injected into blastocysts. Although epigenetically distinct from sperm cells, the ahES cells can produce viable and fertile progenies after intracytoplasmic injection into mature oocytes. The oocyte injection procedure can also produce viable transgenic mice from genetically engineered ahES cells. We used microarrays to compare the global programme of gene expression among ahES cells, normal diploid ES cells, MEF cells and round sperm cells and found that gene expression pattern of ahES cells was highly similar with ES cells but was distinct from MEF cells and round sperms. Androgenetic haploid ES cells were FACS sorted to harvest the G0/G1 phase haploid cells. Total RNA were extracted from three ahES cell lines (AH129-5, AH129-N1, AH129-NC1, all 129Sv genetic background), two ES cell lines ( CS1-1, R1, 129Sv background), MEF cells and round sperm and hybridized with Affymetrix GeneChip 430 2.0 array. Data were collected and analyzed to compare their gene expression pattern.
Project description:Multiple Myeloma (MM) remains incurable, and new drugs with novel mechanisms of action are still needed. In this report, we have analyzed the action of Zalypsis, an alkaloid analogous to certain natural marine compounds, in MM. Zalypsis turned out to be the most potent antimyeloma agent we have tested so far, with IC50s from picomolar to low nanomolar ranges. It also showed remarkable ex vivo potency in plasma cells from patients and in MM cells in vivo xenografted in mice. Besides the induction of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest, Zalypsis provoked DNA double-strand-breaks (DSB), evidenced by an increase in phospho-Histone-H2AX and phospho-CHK2, followed by a striking overexpression of p53 in p53-wild type cell lines. In addition, in those cell lines in which p53 was mutated, Zalypsis also provoked DSB and induced cell death, although higher concentrations were required. Immunohistochemical studies in tumours also demonstrated Histone-H2AX phosphorylation and p53 overexpression. Gene expression profile studies were concordant with these results, revealing an important deregulation of genes involved in DNA-damage response. The potent in vitro and in vivo antimyeloma activity of Zalypsis uncovers the high sensitivity of tumour plasma cells to DSB, and strongly supports the use of this compound in MM patients. Experiment Overall Design: MM cells treated in vitro with Zalypsis (5 nM) were harvested at the beginning of induction of cell death (15-20% cell death as assessed by Annexin V-FITC staining). Total RNA was extracted using Trizol reagent (Life Technologies, MD, USA) and purified with RNAeasy Mini Kit (Qiagen, CA, USA). RNA integrity was verified with the Agilent 2100 Bioanalyzer (Agilent, CA, USA). Double-stranded cDNA and biotinylated cRNA were synthesized with T7-polyT primer and the BioArray RNA labeling kit (Enzo, NY, USA), respectively. The labelled RNA was then fragmented and hybridized to HG-U133 Plus 2.0 oligonucleotide arrays (Affymetrix, CA, USA), which were scanned in a Gene Array Scanner and analyzed using the DNA-Chip Analyzer software (DChip). Changes in gene expression greater than two-fold were considered significant.