Gene expression profiles reveal the effect of a high-fat diet in brown fat development
ABSTRACT: Genome-scale analysis of the genetic factors that govern the development of white and brown adipose tissue is still far from complete. In order to identify the key genes that regulate the development of white and brown adipose tissue in mice, the transcriptome analysis was performed on adipose tissues Total RNA obtained from interscapular brown adipose tissue of C57BL/6J mice fed normal diet or high fat diet for 2, 4, 8, 20 and 24 weeks
Project description:Analysis of effect of luteolin on lipid metabolism at gene expression level. The hypothesis tested in the present study was that luteolin treatment with obesogenic diet suppressed the hepatic lipogenesis pathways. Conversely, in adipose tissue, luteolin stimulated the lipogenesis pathway and it also simultaneously increased the expression of genes controlling lipolysis and TCA cycle. Results provide important information about the effect on diet-induced obesity and its metabolic complications. Total RNA of liver and adipose tissues was obtained from normal diet, high-fat diet and luteolin added high-fat diet-fed mice and mRNA expression-associated with lipid metabolism was measured.
Project description:The white adipose organ is composed of both subcutaneous and several intra-abdominal depots. Excess abdominal adiposity is a major risk factor for metabolic disease in rodents and humans, while expansion of subcutaneous fat does not carry the same risks. Brown adipose produces heat as a defense against hypothermia and obesity, and the appearance of brown-like adipocytes within white adipose tissue depots is associated with improved metabolic phenotypes. Thus, understanding the differences in cell biology and function of these different adipose cell types and depots may be critical to the development of new therapies for metabolic disease. Here, we found that BEN, a determination factor of brown fat function. BEN transgenic mice displayed increased energy expenditure, limited weight gain, and improved glucose tolerance in response to a high-fat diet. These results demonstrate that BEN is a cell-autonomous determinant of a brown fat function and thermogenesis.
Project description:We identified differentially expressed genes in epididymal white adipose tissue of high fat diet(HFD)-fed mice compared to low fat diet-fed mice using microarray analysis. Microarray analysis revealed that genes related to lipolysis, fatty acid metabolism, mitochondrial energy transduction, oxidation-reduction, insulin sensitivity, and skeletal system development were downregulated in HFD-fed mice, and genes associated with extracellular matrix (ECM) components, ECM remodeling, and inflammation were upregulated. The top 10 up- or downregulated genes include Acsm3, mt-Nd6, Fam13a, Cyp2e1, Rgs1, and Gpnmb, whose roles in obesity-associated adipose tissue deterioration are poorly understood. Total RNA of epididymal white adipose tissue was obtained from low fat diet (10 kcal% fat)- and high fat diet(45 kcal% fat)-fed mice and mRNA expression was measured using microarray analysis.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE25323: Biological Aging and Circadian Mechanisms in Murine Brown Adipose Tissue, Inguinal White Adipose Tissue, and Liver (Nov 2009 dataset) GSE25324: Biological Aging and Circadian Mechanisms in Murine Brown Adipose Tissue, Inguinal White Adipose Tissue, and Liver (Jan 2010 dataset) Refer to individual Series
Project description:SIRT1 is a NAD+-dependent protein deacetylase. SIRT1 plays key roles in metabolic regulation and adaptation. In this study, we wanted to compare gene expression profile in SIRT1 overexpressing mice to WT mice submitted to different intervention (caloric restriction and exercise training) in different tissues (liver, skeletal muscle, brown and white adipose tissues). SIRT1 transgenic model has already been described (Pfluger et al., 2008). Here we used homozygote transgenic mice which had been backcrossed to C57Bl/6N background. 3 months old WT and SIRT1tg mice were fed with a low fat diet. After sacrifice, total mRNA obtained from brown adipose were used for microarray. Caloric restriction (CR) : everyother day feeding during 3 months Exercise training (EX) : mice were housed in running wheel cages during 10 weeks
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of WAT comparing wild-type control with Ahnak Knockout mice fed regular chow and high fat diet We obtained white adipose tissue from mice fed regular chow and high fat diet for Affymetrix microarrays
Project description:To identify novel Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor gamma (PPARg) responsive secretory and/or transmembrane genes that is related to obesity, we integrated the expression data from the adipose tissue derived from obese mice with the other two data sets: expression profiling of adipocyte differentiation using ST2 cells and siRNA-mediated knockdown of Pparg during ST2 cell adipogenesis. We used microarrays to detect the up-regulated genes in adipose tissue derived from mice fed a high fat diet compared to a control. Total RNA from adipose tissue was obtained and from mice fed a high fat diet HFD32 (MOUSE_HFD) from 6 week-old to 18 week-old, or a normal diet CE-2 (MOUSE_ND) as a control. Pooled RNAs of each three animals were analyzed by the Affymetrix GeneChip microarray system.
Project description:Mice were kept at RT, thermoneutrality (humanized condition) and thermoneutrality plus high fat diet. Inter scapular brown adipose tissue and inguinal white adipose tissue were used for RNA seq. Illumina Truseq ribosomal RNA depletion protocol was used.
Project description:Using standardized, semipurified diets is a crucial factor for reproducibility of experimental nutritional studies. For the purpose of comparability and integration of research, two European consortia, Mitofood and BIOCLAIMS, proposed an AIN-93-based standard reference diet, the standardized BIOCLAIMS low-fat diet (LFD) as well as a high-fat diet (HFD). In order to evaluate the BIOCLAIMS LFD and HFD, we performed short-term (5 days) and long-term (12 weeks) feeding experiments using male C57BL/6 mice. The HFD has the same composition as the LFD except the fat content is increased to 40% energy in exchange for carbohydrates. Both diets were accepted by the animals and proof of principle was given that the BIOCLAIMS HFD increases body weight and body fat and affects glucose homeostasis. Short-term feeding trials (5 days) were performed in order to identify metabolic and molecular parameters which can serve as acute predictors for metabolic disorders due to high-fat diet-induced obesity. We analyzed gene expression in gonadal white adipose tissue of short- and long-term fed animals with whole genome microarrays. The BIOCLAIMS HFD strongly influenced gene expression in white adipose tissue after short- and long-term intervention. A total number of 973 and 4678 transcripts were significantly different between both diets after 5 days feeding and 12 weeks feeding, respectively. A total number of 764 transcripts encoding 549 genes were significantly differentially regulated between LF and HF animals after 12 weeks feeding as well as after 5 days feeding. Of these 549 overlapping genes, a substantial number (434 genes) were expressed at a lower level and 115 genes were expressed at a higher level in the HF mice compared to the LF mice. Without exception, all genes were regulated equally. Pathway analysis revealed a prominent role for genes involved in lipid metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism and oxidative phosphorylation. This was confirmed by quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR. The high predictive value of gene expression changes in our short-term study compared to long-term high fat feeding is a promising step to get well-defined, early biomarkers that could shorten animal trials considerably and allow a more rapid and efficient screening of different compounds. C57BL/6J wildtype male mice, aged 12 weeks, received a low-fat diet or a high-fat diet for 5 days or 12 weeks. After sacrification, white adipose tissue depots were dissected, and immediately snap frozen in liquid nitrogen. Total RNA was isolated, quantified and qualified, and subsequently used for global gene expression profiling using Agilent 4x44K microarrays.