To identify and study the regulation of cellulosic enzymes in a biomass degrading gut fungal isolate from horse (Piromyces sp. finn)
ABSTRACT: Here, we develop a systems-level approach leveraging powerful next generation sequencing, proteomics and phenotypic studies to rapidly obtain an integrated view of lignocellulose degradation in the earliest free living fungi RNA-seq of Piromyces grown on Glucose, Cellulose, Cellulobiose, Avicel, Filter paper, and time-course of transient glucose pulse (catabolite repression). N>=2
Project description:Transcriptional profiling with next-generation sequencing methods demonstrated that a Neurospora crassa mutant with the three most highly expressed beta-glucosidase genes deleted had a transcriptional response to cellobiose similair to that of wild type N. crassa exposed to cellulose. N. crassa was pregrown in Sucrose and transferred to Avicel (cellulose), Cellobiose, Sucrose or media with no carbon added. Biological triplicates used to identify differentially expressed genes in WT on Avicel. Single libraries for mutant strains identify which genes show similair expression on cellobiose as in the WT on cellulose.
Project description:Spatial regulation analysis across multiple condition comparisons revealed distinct patterns of gene expression. We combined these transcriptome data with spatial CNS data to produce the spatio-transcripto map of the ganglia chain. The Hirudo Medicinalis set of transcripts generated here provides a resource for gene discovery and gene regulation within the nervous system. In addition, the strategy for de novo assembly of transcriptome data presented here may be helpful in other similar transcriptome studies. Examination of 3 different ganglia in 3 different leeches.
Project description:Mammals differ more than hundred fold in maximum lifespan, which can be altered in either direction during evolution, but the molecular basis for natural changes in longevity is not understood. Divergent evolution of mammals also led to extensive changes in gene expression within and between lineages. To understand the relationship between lifespan and variation in gene expression, we carried out RNA-seq-based gene expression analyses of liver, kidney and brain of 33 diverse species of mammals. Our analysis uncovered parallel evolution of gene expression and lifespan, as well as the associated life history traits, and identified the processes and pathways involved. These findings provide direct insights into how Nature reversibly adjusts lifespan and other traits during adaptive radiation of lineages. RNA-seq gene expression profiling in normal liver, kidney and brain of 33 mammalian species.
Project description:Thermomyces lanuginosus is a thermophilic fungus whose genome encodes many carbohydrate-active enzymes involved in Avicel degradation. This study examined and compared the transcriptomes of T. lanuginosus during cultivation on Avicesl or glucose. We identified approximately 4485 genes that showed expression differences when T. lanuginosus was cultured on Avicel compared to glucose. Functional annotation of up-regulated genes showed enrichment for proteins predicted to be involved in Avicel degradation, but also many genes encoding proteins of unknown function. Our study represents the first analysis of transcriptomes, with biologic replicates, generated by RNA-seq technology. We conclude that RNA-seq based transcriptome characterization would expedite genetic network analyses and permit the dissection of complex biologic functions. mRNA profiles of 2-day old Thermomyces lanuginosus were generated by deep sequencing,in duplicate, using Illumina GAIIx.
Project description:Transcriptome from high throughput sequencing-by-synthesis is a good resource of molecular markers. In this study, we present utility of massively parallel sequencing by synthesis for profiling the transcriptome of red pepper (Capsicum annuum L. TF68) by 454 GS-FLX pyrosequencing. Through the generation of approximately 30.63 megabases (Mb) of Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs) data with the average length of 375 base pairs (bp), 9,818 contigs and 23,712 singletons were obtained by assembly. Using BLAST alignment against NCBI non-redundant and a UniProt protein database, 30% of the tentative consensus sequences were assigned to specific function annotation, while 24% returned alignments of unknown function, leaving up to 46% with no alignment. Functional classification using FunCat revealed that sequences with putative known function were distributed cross 18 categories. Furthermore, over 200 high quality single nucleotide discrepancies were discovered using the Bukang cDNA collection as a reference database. Moreover, 758 simple sequence repeat (SSR) motif loci were mined from over 600 contigs, from which 572 primer sets were designed. The SSR motifs corresponded to di- and tri- nucleotide motifs (27.03 and 61.92%, respectively). These molecular markers may be of great value for application in linkage mapping and association mapping research. 1 sample TF68 accession examined
Project description:We describe an application of deep sequencing and de novo assembly of short RNA reads to investigate small interfering (si)RNAs mediated immunity in leaf samples from eight tree taxa naturally occurring in Wytham Woods, Oxfordshire, UK. BLAST search for homologues of contigs in the GenBank identified siRNA populations against a number of RNA viruses and a Ty1-copia retrotransposons in these tree species. Small RNA sequencing and de novo assembly
Project description:The 791spin is the spinosad-selected strain derived from 791a, a laboratory strain derived from a multi-resistant field-collected sample of houseflies. The 791a strain proved highly resistant to pyrethroids and some anticholinesterases and showed some resistance to the chitin synthesis-disrupting larvicides.In order to understand the evolution of insecticide resistance, de novo assembly of a spinosad resistant housefly strain 791spin using 454 technology was initiated Transcriptome analysis of insecticide resistant housefly strain compared to susceptible strain