Expression data from Smarcd1 knockdown R1 embryonic stem cells
ABSTRACT: We used microarrays to identify the gene expression changes after Smarcd1 knockdown in ESCs and 4 day RA differentiated ESCs Actively growing ESCs and 4d RA differentiated ESCs were harvested and RNA was extracted immediately.
Project description:We used microarrays to identify the gene expression changes in Cbx1-/- (HP1beta) knockout embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and Cbx5-/- (HP1alpha) knockout ESCs compared to WT ESCs and in embryoid bodies (EBs) differentiated from those three ESC types. ESCs were grown and the pluripotent SSEA1-positive cells from all ESC types using MACS were sorted and harvested or sorted and differentiated into EBs. Total RNA from all samples was extracted.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE23956: Gene expression profiles of E14 ESCs treated with low levels of HDAC inhibitors for 16 hrs GSE23957: Gene expression profiles of E14 ESCs treated with low levels of the HDAC inhibitor VPA for 4 hrs GSE24211: Genome-wide H3K9 acetylation state before and after VPA treatment Refer to individual Series
Project description:Gene expression profiles of E14 embryonic stem cells (ESCs) before and after treatment with low levels of the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor valproic acid (VPA). E14 cells were treated with valproic acid for 4 hrs in duplicates. Cells were harvested along with untreated control E14 cells. RNA was isolated from the cells and hybridized on Affymetrix chips.
Project description:Gene expression profiles of E14 embryonic stem cells (ESCs) before and after treatment with low levels of the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors valproic acid (VPA) and sodium butyrate (NaBu). E14 cells were treated with VPA or NaBu for 16 hrs in duplicates. Cells were harvested along with untreated control E14 cells. RNA was isolated from the cells and hybridized on Affymetrix chips.
Project description:Stem cell fate is governed by the integration of intrinsic and extrinsic positive and negative signals upon inherent transcriptional networks. To identify novel embryonic stem cell (ESC) regulators and assemble transcriptional networks controlling ESC fate, we performed temporal expression microarray analyses of ESCs following the initiation of commitment and integrated these data with known genome-wide transcription factor binding. Effects of forced under- or over-expression of predicted novel regulators, defined as differentially expressed genes with potential binding sites for known regulators of pluripotency, demonstrated greater than 90% correspondence with predicted function, as assessed by functional and high content assays of self-renewal. We next assembled 43 theoretical transcriptional networks in ESCs, 82% (23 out of 28 tested) of which were supported by analysis of genome-wide expression in Oct4 knockdown cells. By using this integrative approach we have, for the first time, formulated novel networks describing gene repression of key developmental regulators in undifferentiated ESCs and successfully predicted the outcomes of genetic manipulation of these networks. Experiment Overall Design: 1, 3, and 5 days LIF differentiated ESCs, and 1 and 2 days RA differentiated ESCs
Project description:RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) have essential roles in RNA-mediated gene regulation, and yet annotation of RBPs is limited mainly to those with known RNA-binding domains. To systematically identify the RBPs of embryonic stem cells (ESCs), we here employ interactome capture, which combines UV cross-linking of RBP to RNA in living cells, oligo(dT) capture and MS. From mouse ESCs (mESCs), we have defined 555 proteins constituting the mESC mRNA interactome, including 283 proteins not previously annotated as RBPs. Of these, 68 new RBP candidates are highly expressed in ESCs compared to differentiated cells, implicating a role in stem-cell physiology. Two well-known E3 ubiquitin ligases, Trim25 (also called Efp) and Trim71 (also called Lin41), are validated as RBPs, revealing a potential link between RNA biology and protein-modification pathways. Our study confirms and expands the atlas of RBPs, providing a useful resource for the study of the RNA-RBP network in stem cells.
Project description:Genome-wide maps of the H3K9 acetylation state in embryonic stem cells (ESCs) before and after treatment with low levels of the histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor valproic acid (VPA). ChIP-seq for 3 samples: untreated E14 cells, cells treated with VPA for 4 hrs and cells treated with VPA for 16 hrs. Unprecipitated DNA was used as the input control (Input).
Project description:In the present study, we show that UTX plays an essential role in resolving and activating many retinoic acid (RA)-inducible bivalent genes during the RA-driven differentiation of mouse ESCs treated with a physiologically relevant RA concentration (0.2 μM). We showed that UTX loss and UTX knockdown interfered with the RA-induced differentiation of mouse ESCs. Therefore, our findings indicate that the UTX-mediated resolution and activation of many RA-inducible bivalent genes, including numerous Hoxa-d cluster genes, are required for RA-driven differentiation of mouse ESCs. ChIP-Seq data for H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 were generated along with input data for mouse stem cells with wild type or UTX-depleted genotype and with or without RA treatment.
Project description:We have studied the regulatory potential of MYST1-(MOF)-containing MSL and NSL complexes in mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and neuronal progenitors. We find that both complexes influence transcription by binding to promoters as well as TSS-distal enhancer regions. In contrast to flies, the MSL complex is not enriched on the X chromosome yet it is crucial for mammalian X chromosome regulation as it specifically regulates Tsix ncRNA, the major repressor of Xist lncRNA. MSL depletion leads to severely decreased Tsix expression, reduced REX1 recruitment, and consequently accumulation of Xist RNA in ESCs. The NSL complex provides additional, Tsix-independent repression of Xist by maintaining pluripotency. MSL and NSL complexes therefore act synergistically by using distinct pathways to ensure a fail-safe mechanism for the repression of X inactivation in ESCs. We have performed ChIP-seq of KANSL3, MCRS1, MOF, MSL1 and MSL2 in mouse ESCs, and KANSL3, MOF and MSL2 in NPCs, in duplicate and normalised against their inputs. We have also performed RNA-seq following knockdown of Kansl3, Mof, Msl1 and Msl2 mouse embryonic stem cells in triplicate. NB: Kansl3 and Mof knockdown-RNAseq are analyzed against their own scrambled controls, and Msl1 and Msl2 against another scrambled control triplicate.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE20572: mRNA profiling of genetically matched ESCs and iPSCs GSE20575: mRNA profiling of iPSCs and derivative NT-ESCs Refer to individual Series