Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

4

Expression profiling of skin fibroblast, iPSC, iPSC-derived neural progenitors, and iPSC-derived neurons from Autism Spectrum Disorder male patients and their unaffected normal male siblings


ABSTRACT: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is an early onset neurodevelopmental disorder, which is characterized by disturbances of brain function and behavioral deficits in core areas of impaired reciprocal socialization, impairment in communication skills, and repetitive or restrictive interests and behaviors. ASD is known to have a significant genetic risk, but the underlying genetic variation can be attributed to hundreds of genes. The molecular and pathophysiologic basis of ASD remains elusive because of its genetic heterogeneity and complexity, its high comorbidity with other diseases, and the paucity of brain tissue for study. The invasive nature of collecting primary neuronal tissue from patients might be circumvented through reprogramming peripheral cells to induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), which are able to generate live neurons carrying the genetic variants of disease. This breakthrough allows us to access the cellular and molecular phenotypes of patients with ‘intrinsic autism’, that is patients without known genetic disorders or identifiable syndromes or malformations. To do this, we studied a relatively homogeneous patient population of boys with intrinsic autism by excluding patients with known genetic disease or recognizable phenotypes or syndromes, as well as those with profound mental retardation or primary seizure disorders. We generated iPSCs from patients with intrinsic autism, their unaffected male siblings and age-, and sex-matched unaffected controls. And these stem cells were subsequently differentiated into electrophysiologically active neurons. The expression profile for autistic and their unaffected siblings' iPSC-derived neurons were compared. A distinct expression profile was found between autism and sib control. The significantly differentially expressed genes (> 2-fold, FDR < 0.05) in autistic iPSC-derived neurons were significantly enriched for processes related to synaptic transmission, such as neuroactive ligand-receptor signaling and extracellular matrix interactions (FDR < 0.05), and were significantly enriched for genes previously associated with ASD (p < 0.05). Our findings suggest approaches such as iPSC-derived neurons will be an important method to obtain tissue for study that appropriately recapitulates the complex dynamics of an autistic neural cell. We generated induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from male patients with intrinsic autism, their unaffected male siblings, and age-, and sex-matched unaffected controls. And these stem cells were subsequently differentiated into electrophysiologically active neurons following 80 days of post-mitotic neural differentiation. These samples, including fibroblast, iPSC, iPSC-derived neural progenitors (NPC) and iPSC-derived neurons, were analyzed for the change of gene expression profile by whole genome microarray.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Owen M Rennert   Owen Rennert  Xiaozhuo Liu  Hoi Cheung  Lucile Thouennon 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-65106 | ArrayExpress | 2016-07-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE65106PRJNA273004

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Autism spectrum disorder is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder whose pathophysiology remains elusive as a consequence of the unavailability for study of patient brain neurons; this deficit may potentially be circumvented by neural differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cells. Rare syndromes with single gene mutations and autistic symptoms have significantly advanced the molecular and cellular understanding of autism spectrum disorders; however, in aggregate, they only represent a fractio  ...[more]

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