Transcriptomics

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Chromothripsis in healthy individuals affects multiple protein-coding genes and can result in severe congenital abnormalities in offspring [case 1]


ABSTRACT: Chromothripsis represents an extreme class of complex chromosome rearrangements (CCRs) with major effects on chromosomal architecture. Although recent studies have associated chromothripsis with congenital abnormalities, the incidence and pathogenic effects of this phenomenon require further investigation. Here, we analyzed the genomes of three families in which chromothripsis rearrangements were transmitted from a mother to her child. The chromothripsis in the mothers resulted in completely balanced rearrangements involving 8-23 breakpoint junctions across 3-5 chromosomes. Two mothers did not show any phenotypic malformations, although 3-13 protein coding genes were affected by breakpoints. Unbalanced but stable transmission of a subset of the derivative chromosomes caused apparently de novo complex copy number changes in two children. This resulted in gene dosage changes, which are likely responsible for their severe congenital phenotypes. In contrast, one child with severe congenital disease, carried all three chromothripsis chromosomes from his healthy mother, but one of the chromosomes acquired de novo rearrangements leading to copy number changes. These results show that the human genome can tolerate extreme reshuffling of chromosomal architecture, including breakage of multiple protein coding genes, without noticeable phenotypic effects. The presence of chromothripsis in healthy individuals strongly affects reproduction and is expected to substantially increase the risk of spontaneous abortions and severe congenital disease. We analyzed one patient-parent-mother's parents quintet (case 1) and a patient-siblings-parent quintet (case 2) with Illumina beadchip arrays and one patient-parent trio (case 3) to test for (de novo) copy number variants and to analyze the parental origin of the complex rearrangements in these patients. Here, we analyzed one patient-parent-mother's parents quintet to test for (de novo) copy number variants and to analyze the parental origin of the complex rearrangements in these patients.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Wigard P Kloosterman   Mirjam S de Pagter  Edwin Cuppen  Wigard Kloosterman  Annette F Baas  Karen J Duran  Masoumeh Tavakoli-Yaraki  Ron Hochstenbach  Ivo Renkens  Ellen van Binsbergen  Lars T van der Veken  Markus J van Roosmalen 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-65451 | ArrayExpress | 2015-01-31

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE65451PRJNA274035

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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