Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

2

Generation of Cloned Mice from Adult Neurons by Direct Nuclear Transfer


ABSTRACT: Whereas cloning mammals by direct somatic cell nuclear transfer has been successful using a wide range of donor cell types, neurons from adult brain remain “unclonable” for unknown reasons. Here we examined whether neurons from adult mice could be cloned, using a combination of two epigenetic approaches. First, we used a specific antibody to discover cell types with reduced amounts of a repressive histone mark - dimethylated histone H3 lysine 9 (H3K9me2) - and identified CA1 pyramidal cells in the hippocampus and Purkinje cells in the cerebellum as candidates. Second, reconstructed embryos were treated with trichostatin A (TSA), a potent histone deacetylase inhibitor. Using CA1 cells, cloned offspring were obtained at high rates, reaching 10.2% and 4.6% (per embryos transferred) for male and female donors, respectively. Cerebellar Purkinje cell nuclei were too large to maintain their genetic integrity during nuclear transfer, leading to developmental arrest of embryos. However, gene expression analysis using cloned blastocysts corroborated a high rate of genomic reprogrammability of CA1 pyramidal and Purkinje cells. Neurons from the hippocampal dentate gyrus and cerebral cortex, which had higher amounts of H3K9me2, could also be used for producing cloned offspring, but the efficiencies were low. A more thorough analysis revealed that TSA treatment was essential for cloning adult neuronal cells. This study demonstrated for the first time that adult neurons could be cloned by nuclear transfer. Furthermore, our data imply that reduced amounts of H3K9me2 and increased histone acetylation appear to act synergistically to improve the development of cloned embryos. Comparative gene expression analyses using blastocysts of cloned embryos were performed by microarray. Cloned embryos were produced with three different types of donor cells (neonatal Sertoli cells, CA1 pyramidal cells and Purkinje cells) and all cloned embryos were treated with Trichostatin A (TSA). Each embryos were cultured for 96 h and blastocysts derived from each donor cell types were subjected to gene expression microarray. For comparison of gene expression, the data sets of control sex- and genotype-matched embryos produced by in vitro fertilization and SCNT-derived blastocysts from cumulus cells treated with TSA from our previous paper (Inoue K. et al. Science 2010) were also used.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Mami Oikawa   Hirosuke Shiura  Kuniya Abe  Atsu Aiba  Kimiko Inoue  Satoshi Kamimura  Hidetoshi Kassai  Shogo Matoba  Eiji Mizutani  Teruhiko Wakayama  Narumi Ogonuki  Hiroaki Nagatomo  Atsuo Ogura  Ryutaro Hirasawa 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-65497 | ArrayExpress | 2015-02-03

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE65497PRJNA274223

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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