RNA-seq analysis of methanol-adapted Sporomusa ovata DSM-2662
ABSTRACT: Expression profile of wild-type S. ovata and methanol-adapted strain grown autotrophically with H2 as the source of electron. Illumina RNA-Seq of total RNA extracted from a strain of S. ovata evolved by adaptive laboratory evolution to grow faster with methanol 2% as the sole susbtrate and from the wild type. The adapted strain was transfer 18 times on methanol 2%. Total RNA was extracted from both strains growing with H2/CO2.
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of Pichia angusta NCYC 495 leu1.1 cells growing exponentially on mineral medium containing 0.5% glucose versus a shift for 2 hours to mineral medium containing 0.5% methanol. Overall design: Two-conditions experiment, 4 individual glucose-grown cultures were shifted at OD660nm 2.3 to fresh mineral medium OD 0.2 containing 0.5% methanol for 2 hours. Transcriptional profiling was performed using total RNA from the glucose-grown cells at the moment of the shift versus cells adapted to methanol for 2 hours.
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of Pichia angusta NCYC 495 leu1.1 cells growing exponentially on mineral medium containing 0.5% glucose versus a shift for 2 hours to mineral medium containing 0.5% methanol. Two-conditions experiment, 4 individual glucose-grown cultures were shifted at OD660nm 2.3 to fresh mineral medium OD 0.2 containing 0.5% methanol for 2 hours. Transcriptional profiling was performed using total RNA from the glucose-grown cells at the moment of the shift versus cells adapted to methanol for 2 hours.
Project description:Background: Methanol is present in most ecosystems and may also occur in industrial applications, e.g. as an impurity of carbon sources such as technical glycerol. Methanol often inhibits growth of bacteria, thus, methanol tolerance may limit fermentative production processes. Results: The methanol tolerance of the amino acid producing soil bacterium Corynebacterium glutamicum was improved by genetic adaption in the presence of methanol. The resulting strain Tol1 exhibited significantly increased growth rates in the presence of up to 1 M methanol. However, neither transcriptional changes nor increased enzyme activities of the linear methanol oxidation pathway were observed, which was in accordance with the finding that tolerance to the downstream metabolites formaldehyde and formate was not improved. Genome sequence analysis of strain Tol1 revealed two point mutations potentially relevant to enhanced methanol tolerance: one leading to the amino acid exchange A165T of O-acetylhomoserine sulfhydrolase MetY and the other leading to shortened CoA transferase Cat (Q342*). Introduction of either mutation into the genome of C. glutamicum wild type increased methanol tolerance and introduction of both mutations into C. glutamicum was sufficient to achieve methanol tolerance almost indistinguishable from that of strain Tol1. Conclusion: The methanol tolerance of C. glutamicum can be increased by two point mutations leading to amino acid exchange of O-acetylhomoserine sulfhydrolase MetY and shortened CoA transferase Cat. Introduction of these mutations into producer strains may be helpful when using carbon sources containing methanol as component or impurity. The gene expression was analyzed in the methanol tolerant strain Tol1 in comparison to the C. glutamicumWT. Direct comparison in LB complex medium and analysis of expression response to methanol addition in mCGXII minimal medium with 100 mM glucose.
Project description:Methyloversatilis universalis FAM5 utilizes single carbon compounds such as methanol or methylated amines as a sole source of carbon and energy. Expression profiling reveals distinct sets of genes altered during growth on methanol vs methylamine. Growth on methanol results in activation of mdh2 and a number of known accessory proteins. As expected, all genes for N-methylglutamate pathway were induced during growth on methylated amine. Among other functions, responding to a switch from methanol to methylated amines, are a heme-containing amine dehydrogenase (QHNDH), a PQQ-dependent methanol dehydrogenase homologue, a distant homologue of formaldehyde activating enzyme (fae3), molybdenum containing formate dehydrogenase, a set of transporters homologues to urea/ammonium transporters and amino-acid permeases. Genes encoding the PQQ-dependent methanol dehydrogenase and associated cytochrome, the enzymes from the assimilatory H4F-dependent pathway, and the tungsten-containing aldehyde oxidoreductase were down-regulated during growth on methylamine. Genes essential for carbon assimilation (serine cycle) and H4MTP-pathway for formaldehyde oxidation show similar level of expression on both C1-carbon sources. Phenotypic analysis of mutants lacking functional QHNDH had no growth defect on C1-compounds. M. universalis FAM5 strain with the methylene-tetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase lesion, a key enzyme of the H4-folate pathway, were not able to use any C1-compound, methanol or methylated amines. Methyloversatilis universalis FAM5 possesses three homologs of the formaldehyde activating enzymes. The relative expression of two of the formaldehyde activating enzyme (fae1) and fae2 did not change after the shift from methanol to methylamine growth. The relative expression of the third homologs, fae3, was significantly upregulated by methylamine. Single and double fae 2 and fae 3 mutants display similar to wild type growth on methanol or methylamine. Strains lacking fae1 lost the ability to grow on both C1-compounds. However upon incubation on methylated amines the fae1-mutant produce revertants (fae1R ). The revertant strains displayed an impaired growth on methylamine but were not able to use methanol. Double mutations in fae1R / fae3 or fae1R/fae2 and triple mutant fae1R/fae2/fae3 showed similar to fae1R phenotype. The metabolic pathways for utilization methanol and methylamine in Methyloversatilis universalis FAM5 are reconstructed. Methyloversatilis universalis FAM5 grown on methanol and methylamine with two biologial replicates for each condition. RNA-Seq was used for transcriptomics.
Project description:Ruminiclostridium thermocellum DSM 1313 strain adhE*(EA) expression was studied along with ∆hydG and ∆hydG∆ech mutants strains deposited under GSE54082. All strains have been described in a study entitled Elimination of hydrogenase post-translational modification blocks H2 production and increases ethanol yield in Clostridium thermocellum. Biswas, et .al. Biotechnology for Biofuels 2015 8:20 Ruminiclostridium (Clostridium) thermocellum is a leading candidate organism for implementing a consolidated bioprocessing (CBP) strategy for biofuel production due to its native ability to rapidly consume cellulose and its existing ethanol production pathway. C. thermocellum converts cellulose and cellobiose to lactate, formate, acetate, H2, ethanol, amino acids, and other products. Elimination of the pathways leading to products such as H2 could redirect carbon flux towards ethanol production. Rather than delete each hydrogenase individually, we targeted a hydrogenase maturase gene (hydG), which is involved in converting the three [FeFe] hydrogenase apoenzymes into holoenzymes by assembling the active site. This functionally inactivated all three Fe-Fe hydrogenases simultaneously, as they were unable to make active enzymes. In the ∆hydG mutant, the [NiFe] hydrogenase-encoding ech was also deleted to obtain a mutant that functionally lacks all hydrogenase. The ethanol yield increased nearly 2-fold in ∆hydG∆ech compared to wild type, and H2 production was below the detection limit. Interestingly, ∆hydG and ∆hydG∆ech exhibited improved growth in the presence of acetate in the medium. Transcriptomic and proteomic analysis reveal that genes related to sulfate transport and metabolism were up-regulated in the presence of added acetate in ∆hydG, resulting in altered sulfur metabolism. Further genomic analysis of this strain revealed a mutation in the bi-functional alcohol/aldehyde dehydrogenase adhE gene, resulting in a strain with both NADH- and NADPH-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase activities, whereas the wild type strain can only utilize NADH. This is the exact same adhE mutation found in ethanol-tolerant C. thermocellum strain E50C, but ∆hydG∆ech is not more ethanol tolerant than the wild type. Targeting protein post-translational modification is a promising new approach to target multiple enzymes simultaneously for metabolic engineering. This GEO study pertains to expression profiles generated for C. thermocellum DSM 1313 strain adhE*(EA) Overall design: A six array study using total RNA recovered from Clostridium thermocellum DSM 1313 adhE*(EA) 27405 cultures. Cells were harvested at an OD 0.4-0.5 from cultures grown in the presence of additional 5mM acetate and compared to untreated controls. Three biological replicates were performed for treated and untreated cultures.
Project description:In order to provide information about the gene expression response that occurs when cells experience a change in carbon source, succinate limited chemostat cultures of Methylobacterium extorquens AM1 were grown to and maintained at an OD of ~0.63, transferred to flasks and methanol was added. Cells were harvested for RNA extraction at time: 0 min, 10 min, 30 min, 1 hr, 2 hr, 4 hr and 6 hr post transition. At 30 min, a no methanol addition sample was extracted as a carbon starvation control. These data were used in conjunction with flux, enzymatic and metabolite measurements to assess the changes in central metabolism during this transition. Abstract from manuscript: When organisms experience environmental change, how does their metabolic network reset and adapt to the new condition? This study focused on the mechanisms of metabolic adaptation occurring during the transition from succinate to methanol growth by the methylotrophic bacterium Methylobacterium extorquens, analyzing changes in carbon flux, gene expression, metabolites and enzymatic activities over time. Initially, cells experienced metabolic imbalance with excretion of metabolites, changes in nucleotide levels and cessation of cell growth. Though assimilatory pathways were induced rapidly, a transient block in carbon flow to biomass synthesis occurred, and enzymatic assays suggested methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase as one control point. This “downstream priming” mechanism ensures that significant carbon flux through these pathways does not occur until they are fully induced, precluding the buildup of toxic intermediates. Most metabolites that are required for growth on both carbon sources did not change significantly, even though transcripts and enzymatic activities required for their production changed radically, underscoring the concept of metabolic setpoints. Gene expression in succinate limited chemostat cultures was compared to gene expression in cells transferred to flasks before and after methanol addition. As a control, a time = 0 sample (RNA prepared from cells harvested directly from the chemostat) was compared to a time = 0 sample immediately obtained after the cells were transferred to flasks, before methanol was added in order to identify changes due to flask transfer. A carbon starvation control was also done comparing expression from time = 0 (chemostat cells) to cells transferred to flasks for 30 min with no carbon source added. Two biological replicates each with two techinal replicates (dye swap) were analyzed for time = 0 (chemostat) vs 10 min, 30 min, 1 hr and 2 hr after methanol addition. One biological replicate with two technical replicates (dye swap) were analyzed for time = 0 (chemostat) vs time = 0 (flask transfer), and time = 0 (chemostat) vs time = 4 hr, 6 hr and 30 min no methanol addition.
Project description:Beijerinckiaceae bacterium RH AL1 was grown exponentially in with methanol (1% [v/v]) as carbon source and lanthanum (1µM) as necessary growth supplement. Harvested biomass was subjected to RNA extraction, mRNA-enrichment and Illumina sequencing library preparation for subsequent RNA-Seq analysis. The scope of this gene expression analysis was to validate the expression of genes linked to pathways that are involved in C1-metabolism.
Project description:We recently showed that methanol emitted by wounded plants might function as a signaling molecule for plant-to-plant and plant-to-animal communications. In mammals, methanol is considered a poison because the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) converts methanol into toxic formaldehyde. However, the detection of methanol in the blood and exhaled air of healthy volunteers suggests that methanol may be a chemical with specific functions rather than a metabolic waste product. Using a genome-wide analysis of the mouse brain, we demonstrated that an increase in blood methanol concentration led to a change in the accumulation of mRNAs from genes primarily involved in detoxification processes and regulation of the alcohol/aldehyde dehydrogenases gene cluster. Removal of the intestine significantly decreased the rate of methanol addition to the plasma and suggested that the gut flora may be involved in the endogenous production of methanol. Liver mRNA quantification showed changes in the accumulation of mRNAs from genes involved in cell signalling and detoxification processes. We hypothesized that endogenous methanol acts as a regulator of homeostasis by controlling the mRNA synthesis 4 mouse were treated with methanol for 2 h and 4 with normal saline for 2 h, than we collected brain tissue samples and extracted total RNA by Trizol according to manufacturer's protocol
Project description:The goal of this work was to elucidate the mechanism by which pyruvate is utilized as a substrate in a mutant strain of Methanosarcina barkeri Fusaro. In this study, using RNAseq we gained insight into how the mutant strain modulate its transcriptional profile in order to use pyruvate as a substrate. In addition, we obtained information on how methanogens respond to pyruvate at the transcriptional level. The mRNA from of Methanosarcina barkeri Fusaro DSMZ804 and Pyr+ strains grown on a variety of substrates (methanol, acetate, methanol-acetate, methanol-pyruvate, methanol-pyruvate-acetate) were harvested sequenced and mapped to M. barkeri genome. Pairwise comparisons between two cell lines of the Pyr+ strain and the DSMZ 804 strain were performed in all substrates tested.